Founded in 1861, the University of Washington occupies a campus of about one square mile in a residential section of Seattle three miles north of the city center and adjacent to Lake Washington. The university consists of 16 schools and colleges, which serve 35,000 students; about a quarter of these are enrolled in graduate or professional programs. The University of Washington is one of the nation's premier research institutions. Since 1968 the university has ranked among the top five institutions in the country in receipt of federal grants. The faculty includes 43 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 10 members of the National Academy of Engineering, and 33 members of the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine, 53 National Young Investigator Awards from the National Science Foundation, and 6 Nobel Prize Winners.
In addition to its academic distinction, the University of Washington offers superb cultural activities and athletic facilities. The campus has three theaters, a museum, an art gallery, and a public radio station. Comprehensive indoor and outdoor sporting facilities for individuals and teams are available to members of the university. Just across the canal from the School of Medicine is a beautiful 200-acre public arboretum.