Publications

The Parent‐Child Assistance Program (PCAP)

Grant, T.M. (2015). Supporting mothers to prevent subsequent prenatal substance use. National Abandoned Infant Assistance (AIA) Resource Center, Research-to-Practice Brief (May, 2015). Free online: http://aia.berkeley.edu/publications/research-to-practice-briefs/

Grant, T., & Ernst, C. (2015). Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP): Prevention & intervention with high risk mothers and their children. University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/PCAP_Summary_of_Evidence_Dec._2015.pdf

Grant, T.M., Graham, J.C., Ernst, C.C., Peavy, K.M., & Brown, N.N. (2014). Improving pregnancy outcomes among high-risk mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: Factors associated with subsequent exposed births. Children and Youth Services Review, 46: 11-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.07.014

Grant, T., & Casey Family Programs (2013). Parent-Child Assistance Program Outcomes Suggest Sources of Cost Savings for Washington State. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/PCAP_Cost_Savings_Brief_Feb_2013.pdf

Grant, T.M., and Huggins, J.E. (2013). Intervention with mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: How relationship and motivation affect the process of change in an evidence-based model. In: Parenting and Substance Abuse: Developmental Approaches to Intervention. N.E. Suchman, M. Pajulo, & L.C. Mayes (Eds). Oxford University Press, pp. 365-385.

Grant, T., Huggins, J., Graham, C., Ernst, C., Whitney, N., and Wilson, D. (2011). Maternal substance abuse and disrupted parenting: Distinguishing mothers who keep their children from those who do not. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(11): 2176-2185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.07.001

Grant, T.M. (2011). Maternal alcohol and drug abuse: Effective case management with high-risk mothers and their children. In: Programs and Interventions for Maltreated Children and Families at Risk. The Clinician’s Guide to Evidence-Based Practice Series. A. Rubin (Ed). Wiley Blackwell Publishers, pp. 207-221.

Grant, T.M., Jack, D.C., Fitzpatrick, A.L., & Ernst, C.C. (2011). Carrying the burdens of poverty, parenting, and addiction: Depression symptoms and self-silencing among ethnically diverse women. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(1): 90-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-009-9255-y

Rasmussen, C., Kully-Martens, K., Denys, K., Badry, D., Henneveld, D., Wyper, K., & Grant, T. (2010). The effectiveness of a community-based intervention program for women at risk for giving birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Community Mental Health Journal, 48(1): 12-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-010-9342-0

Grant, T., Ernst, C., Streissguth, A., & Stark, K. (2005). Preventing alcohol and drug exposed births in Washington State: Intervention findings from three Parent‐Child Assistance Program sites. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 31(3): 471‐490. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Streissguth_Stark_2005.pdf

Grant, T. (2004). PCAP receives national exemplary prevention award. Washington State Department of Social and Health Services ‐ Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse. Focus Newsletter, 14(3): 1,3.

Grant, T., Ernst, C.C., Pagalilauan G., & Streissguth, A.P. (2003). Post‐program follow‐up effects of paraprofessional intervention with high‐risk women who abused alcohol and drugs during pregnancy. Journal of Community Psychology, 31(3): 211‐222. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Pagalilauan_Streissguth_2003.pdf

Umlah, C. & Grant, T. (2003). Intervening to prevent prenatal alcohol and drug exposure: The Manitoba experience in replicating a paraprofessional model. Manitoba Journal of Child Welfare, 2(1): 1‐12. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Manitoba%20Paper%20Envision%20Online%202003.pdf

Grant, T., Streissguth, A., & Ernst, C. (2002). Benefits and challenges of paraprofessional advocacy with mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs and their children. Zero to Three, 23(2): 14‐20.

Grant, T.M., Streissguth, A.P., & Ernst, C.C. (2002). Intervention with alcohol & drug abusing mothers and their children: The role of the paraprofessional. The Source: Newsletter of the National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center, 11(3): 5‐26. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Streissguth_Ernst_2002.pdf

Kartin, D., Grant, T.M., Streissguth, A.P., Sampson, P.D., & Ernst, C.C. (2002). Three‐year developmental outcomes in children with prenatal alcohol and drug exposure. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 14: 145‐153. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/Kartin.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., & Streissguth, A.P. (1999). Intervention with high‐risk alcohol and drug‐abusing mothers: I. administrative strategies of the Seattle model of paraprofessional advocacy. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(1): 1‐18. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Streissguth_1999.pdf

Ernst, C.C., Grant, T.M., Streissguth, A.P. & Sampson, P. D. (1999). Intervention with high‐risk alcohol and drug‐abusing mothers: II. 3‐year findings from the Seattle Model of Paraprofessional Advocacy. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(1): 19‐38. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Ernst_Grant_Streissguth_Sampson_1999.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., McAuliff, S., & Streissguth, A.P. (1997). The Difference Game: An assessment tool and intervention strategy for facilitating change in high‐risk clients. Families in Society, 78(4): 429‐432. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_McAuliff_Streissguth_1997.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., Streissguth, A.P., Phipps, P., & Gendler, B. (1996). When case management isn’t enough: A model of paraprofessional advocacy for drug‐ and alcohol‐abusing mothers. Journal of Case Management, 5(1): 3‐11. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Streissguth_Phipps_Gendler_1996.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., & Streissguth, A.P. (1996). An intervention with high risk mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: The Seattle Advocacy Model. American Journal of Public Health, 86(12): 1816‐1817.

 

Working with Individuals Who Have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)

Grant, T.M., Brown, N.N., & Dubovsky, D. (2015). Screening for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A critical step toward improving treatment success. In: Suchtgefährdete Erwachsene mit Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörung. De Gruyter. Berlin, Germany.

Brown, N., Burd, L., Grant, T., Edwards, W., Adler, R., & Streissguth, A. (2015). Prenatal alcohol exposure: An assessment strategy for the legal context. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 42-43, 144-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2015.08.019

Brown, N.N., Grant, T., & Clarren, S. (2014). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD): What judges and other legal professionals need to know. The Judges’ Page. Free online:  http://www.casaforchildren.org/site/c.mtJSJ7MPIsE/b.8968329/k.2A9C/Winter_2014.htm

Grant, T.M., Brown, N.N., Graham, J.C., & Ernst, C.C. (2014). Substance abuse treatment outcomes in women with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 3(1), 43-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v3i1.112

Grant, T.M., Brown, N.N., Graham, J.C., Whitney, N., Dubovsky, D. & Nelson, L. (2013). Screening in treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders that could affect therapeutic progress. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 2(3), 37-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v2i3.116

Sparrow, J., Grant, T.M., Connor, P., & Whitney, N. (2013). The value of the neuropsychological assessment for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A case study. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 2(3), 79-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v2i3.107

Grant, T.M., Novick Brown, N., Dubovsky, D., Sparrow, J., & Ries, R. (2013). The impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on addiction treatment. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 7(2):87-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0b013e31828b47a8

Huggins, J.E., Grant, T., O’Malley, K., & Streissguth, A.P. (2008). Suicide attempts among adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Clinical considerations. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 11(2): 33‐41. Free online: http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Suicide+attempts+among+adults+with+fetal+alcohol+spectrum+disorders%3A…-a0179133647

Grant, T.M., Youngblood Pedersen, J., Whitney, N., & Ernst, E. (2007). The role of therapeutic intervention with substance abusing mothers: Preventing FASD in the next generation. In: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: The Diagnostic, Natural History and Therapeutic Issues Through the Lifespan. K. O’Malley (Ed.). Hauppage, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Grant, T.M., Bookstein, F.L., Whitney, N.L., & Streissguth, A.P. (2006). Neonatal cranial ultrasound leads to early diagnosis and early intervention in baby of alcohol‐abusing mother. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 9(4): 125‐127. Free online: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Bookstein_Whitney_Streissguth_2006.pdf

Grant, T., Huggins, J., Connor, P., & Streissguth, A. (2005). Quality of Life and Psychosocial Profile Among Young Women With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 8(2): 33‐39.

Grant, T., Huggins, J., Connor, P., Pederson, J., Whitney, N., & Streissguth, A. (2004). A pilot community intervention for young women with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Community Mental Health Journal, 40(6): 499‐511. Free online: http://wacodtx.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/A-Pilot-Community-Intervention-for-Young-Women-with-FASD.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., Streissguth, A.P., & Porter (1997). An advocacy program for mothers with FAS/FAE. In: Streissguth, A.P. & Kanter J. (eds.) The Challenge of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Overcoming Secondary Disabilities (pp. 102‐112). Seattle: University of Washington Press.

 

FASD Prevention

Rasmussen, C., Kully-Martens, K., Denys, K., Badry, D., Henneveld, D., Wyper, K., & Grant, T. (2012). The effectiveness of a community-based intervention program for women at risk for giving birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Community Mental Health Journal, 48(1): 12-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-010-9342-0

Streissguth, A.P. & Grant, T.M. (2011). Prenatal and postnatal intervention strategies for alcohol‐abusing mothers in pregnancy. In: Drugs in Pregnancy ‐‐ The Price for the Child: Exposure to Foetal Teratogens and Long Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome. D. Preece & E. Riley (Eds.) London: MacKeith Press, pp. 217-233.

Grant, T.M. (2011). Preventing FASD: The Parent‐Child Assistance Program (PCAP) intervention with high‐risk mothers. In: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder – Management and Policy Perspectives of FASD. E. Riley, S. Clarren, J. Weinberg, & E. Jonsson (Eds.). Wiley Blackwell Publishers, pp. 193‐206.

Grant T.M., Huggins J.E., Sampson P.D., Ernst C.C., Barr H.M., & Streissguth A.P. (2009). Alcohol use before and during pregnancy in Western Washington, 1989‐2004: Implications for the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 200(3): 278e1‐8. Free online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2724985/

 

Articles by Others Highlighting PCAP

Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Egon Jonsson, Jessica Moffatt, Liz Dennett, Anderson W. Chuck, Shelley Birchard (2015). An Economic Evaluation of the Parent–Child Assistance Program for Preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Alberta, Canada. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42:10–18.

Zulliger, K., Maher, E., Myslewicz, M., Corwin, T. Wilson, D. Jones-Peguero, S. Williams, J., and Marcynyszn, L. (2005). Prioritizing Early Childhood to Safely Reduce the Need for Foster Care: A National Scan of Interventions. Casey Family Programs, Research and Practice Brief (March, 2015). Available at: http://www.casey.org/prioritizing-early-childhood/

Consensus Statement on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) ‐ Across the Lifespan. Institute of Health Economics Consensus Statements, Volume 4 ‐ October 7‐9, 2009, Alberta, Canada. Free online: http://www.ihe.ca/download/consensus_statement_on_fetal_alcohol_spectrum_disorder_fasd_across_the_lifespan.pdf

Major Ryan, D., Bonnett, D.M., and Gass, C.B. (2006). Sobering Thoughts: Town Hall Meetings on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. American Journal of Public Health, 6(12): 2098‐2101. Free online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1698155/

Aos, S, Lieb, R. Mayfield, J. Miller, M, Pennucci A. Benefits and costs of prevention and early intervention programs for youth. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy; July 6, 2004. 1‐20. Free online: http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/Reports/04-07-3901

Drug Strategies. Keeping Score: Women and Drugs: Looking at the Federal Drug Control Budget, 1998. Free online: http://www.drugstrategies.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ks_1998.pdf

 

Reprints

If you would like to request a copy of a publication, please email Stacy Dimmich: sdimmich@uw.edu

Back to top