Publications

The Parent‐Child Assistance Program (PCAP)

Grant, T.M., Graham, J.C., Ernst, C.C., Novick Brown, N., & Carlini, B.H. (2018). Use of marijuana and other substances among pregnant and parenting women with substance use disorders: Changes in Washington State after marijuana legalization. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 79(1), 88-95. Available at: http://www.jsad.com/doi/10.15288/jsad.2018.79.88. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Grant, T., & Ernst, C. (2018). Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP): Prevention & intervention with high risk mothers and their children. University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/PCAP_Summary_of_Evidence.pdf

Grant, T.M. (2015). Supporting mothers to prevent subsequent prenatal substance use. National Abandoned Infant Assistance (AIA) Resource Center, Research-to-Practice Brief (May, 2015). Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/AIA_ResearchtoPracticeBrief_2015.pdf

Grant, T.M., Graham, J.C., Ernst, C.C., Peavy, K.M., & Brown, N.N. (2014). Improving pregnancy outcomes among high-risk mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: Factors associated with subsequent exposed births. Children and Youth Services Review, 46: 11-18. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.07.014

Grant, T., & Casey Family Programs (2013). Parent-Child Assistance Program Outcomes Suggest Sources of Cost Savings for Washington State. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/PCAP_Cost_Savings_Brief_Feb_2013.pdf

Grant, T.M., and Huggins, J.E. (2013). Intervention with mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: How relationship and motivation affect the process of change in an evidence-based model. In: Parenting and Substance Abuse: Developmental Approaches to Intervention. N.E. Suchman, M. Pajulo, & L.C. Mayes (Eds). Oxford University Press, pp. 365-385.

Grant, T., Huggins, J., Graham, C., Ernst, C., Whitney, N., and Wilson, D. (2011). Maternal substance abuse and disrupted parenting: Distinguishing mothers who keep their children from those who do not. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(11): 2176-2185. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.07.001

Grant, T.M. (2011). Maternal alcohol and drug abuse: Effective case management with high-risk mothers and their children. In: Programs and Interventions for Maltreated Children and Families at Risk. The Clinician’s Guide to Evidence-Based Practice Series. A. Rubin (Ed). Wiley Blackwell Publishers, pp. 207-221.

Grant, T.M., Jack, D.C., Fitzpatrick, A.L., & Ernst, C.C. (2011). Carrying the burdens of poverty, parenting, and addiction: Depression symptoms and self-silencing among ethnically diverse women. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(1): 90-98.  Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-009-9255-y

Rasmussen, C., Kully-Martens, K., Denys, K., Badry, D., Henneveld, D., Wyper, K., & Grant, T. (2010). The effectiveness of a community-based intervention program for women at risk for giving birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Community Mental Health Journal, 48(1): 12-21. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-010-9342-0

Grant, T., Ernst, C., Streissguth, A., & Stark, K. (2005). Preventing alcohol and drug exposed births in Washington State: Intervention findings from three Parent‐Child Assistance Program sites. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 31(3): 471‐490. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Streissguth_Stark_2005.pdf

Grant, T. (2004). PCAP receives national exemplary prevention award. Washington State Department of Social and Health Services ‐ Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse. Focus Newsletter, 14(3): 1,3. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Fall_2004_FOCUS_16.pdf

Grant, T., Ernst, C.C., Pagalilauan G., & Streissguth, A.P. (2003). Post‐program follow‐up effects of paraprofessional intervention with high‐risk women who abused alcohol and drugs during pregnancy. Journal of Community Psychology, 31(3): 211‐222. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Pagalilauan_Streissguth_2003.pdf

Umlah, C. & Grant, T. (2003). Intervening to prevent prenatal alcohol and drug exposure: The Manitoba experience in replicating a paraprofessional model. Manitoba Journal of Child Welfare, 2(1): 1‐12. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Manitoba%20Paper%20Envision%20Online%202003.pdf

Grant, T., Streissguth, A., & Ernst, C. (2002). Benefits and challenges of paraprofessional advocacy with mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs and their children. Zero to Three, 23(2): 14‐20.

Grant, T.M., Streissguth, A.P., & Ernst, C.C. (2002). Intervention with alcohol & drug abusing mothers and their children: The role of the paraprofessional. The Source: Newsletter of the National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center, 11(3): 5‐26. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Streissguth_Ernst_2002.pdf

Kartin, D., Grant, T.M., Streissguth, A.P., Sampson, P.D., & Ernst, C.C. (2002). Three‐year developmental outcomes in children with prenatal alcohol and drug exposure. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 14: 145‐153. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/Kartin.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., & Streissguth, A.P. (1999). Intervention with high‐risk alcohol and drug‐abusing mothers: I. administrative strategies of the Seattle model of paraprofessional advocacy. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(1): 1‐18. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Streissguth_1999.pdf

Ernst, C.C., Grant, T.M., Streissguth, A.P. & Sampson, P. D. (1999). Intervention with high‐risk alcohol and drug‐abusing mothers: II. 3‐year findings from the Seattle Model of Paraprofessional Advocacy. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(1): 19‐38. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Ernst_Grant_Streissguth_Sampson_1999.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., McAuliff, S., & Streissguth, A.P. (1997). The Difference Game: An assessment tool and intervention strategy for facilitating change in high‐risk clients. Families in Society, 78(4): 429‐432. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_McAuliff_Streissguth_1997.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., Streissguth, A.P., Phipps, P., & Gendler, B. (1996). When case management isn’t enough: A model of paraprofessional advocacy for drug‐ and alcohol‐abusing mothers. Journal of Case Management, 5(1): 3‐11. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Ernst_Streissguth_Phipps_Gendler_1996.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., & Streissguth, A.P. (1996). An intervention with high risk mothers who abuse alcohol and drugs: The Seattle Advocacy Model. American Journal of Public Health, 86(12): 1816‐1817.

 

Working with Individuals Who Have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)

Grant, T.M., Brown, N.N., & Dubovsky, D. (2015). Screening for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A critical step toward improving treatment success. In: Suchtgefährdete Erwachsene mit Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörung. De Gruyter. Berlin, Germany.

Brown, N., Burd, L., Grant, T., Edwards, W., Adler, R., & Streissguth, A. (2015). Prenatal alcohol exposure: An assessment strategy for the legal context. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 42-43, 144-148. Available at: http://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ijlp.2015.08.019

Brown, N.N., Grant, T., & Clarren, S. (2014). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD): What judges and other legal professionals need to know. The Judges’ Page. Available at:  http://www.casaforchildren.org/site/c.mtJSJ7MPIsE/b.8968329/k.2A9C/Winter_2014.htm

Grant, T.M., Brown, N.N., Graham, J.C., & Ernst, C.C. (2014). Substance abuse treatment outcomes in women with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 3(1), 43-49. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v3i1.112

Grant, T.M., Brown, N.N., Graham, J.C., Whitney, N., Dubovsky, D. & Nelson, L. (2013). Screening in treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders that could affect therapeutic progress. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 2(3), 37-49. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v2i3.116

Sparrow, J., Grant, T.M., Connor, P., & Whitney, N. (2013). The value of the neuropsychological assessment for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A case study. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research, 2(3), 79-86. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.7895/ijadr.v2i3.107

Grant, T.M., Novick Brown, N., Dubovsky, D., Sparrow, J., & Ries, R. (2013). The impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on addiction treatment. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 7(2):87-95. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0b013e31828b47a8

Huggins, J.E., Grant, T., O’Malley, K., & Streissguth, A.P. (2008). Suicide attempts among adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Clinical considerations. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 11(2): 33‐41. Available at: http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Suicide+attempts+among+adults+with+fetal+alcohol+spectrum+disorders%3A…-a0179133647

Grant, T.M., Youngblood Pedersen, J., Whitney, N., & Ernst, E. (2007). The role of therapeutic intervention with substance abusing mothers: Preventing FASD in the next generation. In: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: The Diagnostic, Natural History and Therapeutic Issues Through the Lifespan. K. O’Malley (Ed.). Hauppage, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Grant, T.M., Bookstein, F.L., Whitney, N.L., & Streissguth, A.P. (2006). Neonatal cranial ultrasound leads to early diagnosis and early intervention in baby of alcohol‐abusing mother. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 9(4): 125‐127. Available at: http://depts.washington.edu/pcapuw/inhouse/Grant_Bookstein_Whitney_Streissguth_2006.pdf

Grant, T., Huggins, J., Connor, P., & Streissguth, A. (2005). Quality of Life and Psychosocial Profile Among Young Women With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 8(2): 33‐39.

Grant, T., Huggins, J., Connor, P., Pederson, J., Whitney, N., & Streissguth, A. (2004). A pilot community intervention for young women with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Community Mental Health Journal, 40(6): 499‐511. Available at: http://wacodtx.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/A-Pilot-Community-Intervention-for-Young-Women-with-FASD.pdf

Grant, T.M., Ernst, C.C., Streissguth, A.P., & Porter (1997). An advocacy program for mothers with FAS/FAE. In: Streissguth, A.P. & Kanter J. (eds.) The Challenge of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Overcoming Secondary Disabilities (pp. 102‐112). Seattle: University of Washington Press.

 

FASD Prevention

Rasmussen, C., Kully-Martens, K., Denys, K., Badry, D., Henneveld, D., Wyper, K., & Grant, T. (2012). The effectiveness of a community-based intervention program for women at risk for giving birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Community Mental Health Journal, 48(1): 12-21. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-010-9342-0

Streissguth, A.P. & Grant, T.M. (2011). Prenatal and postnatal intervention strategies for alcohol‐abusing mothers in pregnancy. In: Drugs in Pregnancy ‐‐ The Price for the Child: Exposure to Foetal Teratogens and Long Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome. D. Preece & E. Riley (Eds.) London: MacKeith Press, pp. 217-233.

Grant, T.M. (2011). Preventing FASD: The Parent‐Child Assistance Program (PCAP) intervention with high‐risk mothers. In: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder – Management and Policy Perspectives of FASD. E. Riley, S. Clarren, J. Weinberg, & E. Jonsson (Eds.). Wiley Blackwell Publishers, pp. 193‐206.

Grant T.M., Huggins J.E., Sampson P.D., Ernst C.C., Barr H.M., & Streissguth A.P. (2009). Alcohol use before and during pregnancy in Western Washington, 1989‐2004: Implications for the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 200(3): 278e1‐8. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2724985/

 

Articles by Others Highlighting PCAP

Thanh, N.X., Jonsson, E., Moffatt, J., Dennett, L., Chuck, A.W., Birchard, S. (2015). An Economic Evaluation of the Parent–Child Assistance Program for Preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Alberta, Canada.  Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42:10–18. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-014-0537-5

Zulliger, K., Maher, E., Myslewicz, M., Corwin, T. Wilson, D. Jones-Peguero, S. Williams, J., and Marcynyszn, L. (2015). Prioritizing Early Childhood to Safely Reduce the Need for Foster Care: A National Scan of Interventions. Casey Family Programs, Research and Practice Brief (March, 2015). Available at: http://www.casey.org/prioritizing-early-childhood/

Consensus Statement on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) ‐ Across the Lifespan. Institute of Health Economics Consensus Statements, Volume 4 ‐ October 7‐9, 2009, Alberta, Canada. Available at: http://www.ihe.ca/download/consensus_statement_on_fetal_alcohol_spectrum_disorder_fasd_across_the_lifespan.pdf

Major Ryan, D., Bonnett, D.M., and Gass, C.B. (2006). Sobering Thoughts: Town Hall Meetings on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. American Journal of Public Health, 6(12): 2098‐2101. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1698155/

Aos, S, Lieb, R. Mayfield, J. Miller, M, Pennucci A. Benefits and costs of prevention and early intervention programs for youth. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy; July 6, 2004. 1‐20. Available at: http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/Reports/04-07-3901

Drug Strategies. Keeping Score: Women and Drugs: Looking at the Federal Drug Control Budget, 1998. Available at: http://www.drugstrategies.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ks_1998.pdf

 

Reprints

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