Advanced Physical Diagnosis

General References

Proficiency of Examination:

  1. Fletcher RH, Fletcher SW. Has medicine outgrown physical diagnosis? Ann Intern Med 1992; 117:786-7.
  2. Oddone EZ, Waugh RA, Samsa G, Corey R, Feussner JR. Teaching cardiovascular examination skills: results from a randomized controlled trial. Am J Med 1993; 95:389-96.
  3. St. Clair EW, Oddone EZ, Waugh RA, Corey R, Feussner JR. Assessing housestaff diagnostic skills using a cardiology patient simulator. Ann Intern Med 1992; 117:751-6.
  4. Mangione S, Nieman LZ, Gracely E, Kaye D. The teaching and practice of cardiac auscultation during internal medicine and cardiology training: a nationwide survey. Ann Intern Med 1993; 119:47-54.
  5. Craige E. Should auscultation be rehabilitated? N Eng J Med 1988; B1572-8.
  6. Johnson JE, Carpenter JL. Medical housestaff performance in physical examination. Arch Intern Med 1986; 146:937-41.
  7. Noel GL, Herbers JR Jr, Caplow MP, Cooper GS, Pangaro LN, Harvey J. How well do internal medicine faculty members evaluate the clinical skills of residents? Ann Intern Med 1992; 117:757-65.
  8. Mangione S, Nieman LZ. Cardiac auscultatory skills of internal medicine and family practice trainees. JAMA. 1997; 278:717-722.

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Online References

Evidence-based Medicine:

  1. Hayword, R., et al. (ed), and the Evidence Based Medicine Informatics Project at McMaster University. Evidence-based Medicine: A New Approach to Teaching the Practice of Medicine. (1997).
  2. Oxman, A.D., et al, and the Evidence Based Medicine Working Group at McMaster University. User's Guide for the Medical Literature. (1997).
  3. Sackett, D., et al. Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine.

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