An Incentive Intervention Program to Encourage Ergonomic Behavior in Latino Farm Workers (NIOSH/CDC, 2004-2007)
Eastern Washington University’s Center for Farm Health and Safety used videotaped Spanish language theater, hands-on demonstrations and practice, and photonovela handouts to train workers on sound ergonomic practices. More than 200 migrant and seasonal orchard and packinghouse workers and their supervisors were trained in Washington.
Animal Handling and Safety: Developing a Marker for Program Evaluation (NIOSH/CDC, 1997-2000)
The Magic Valley SAFE KIDS Coalition, based in Twin Falls, Idaho, collaborated with Center investigators to evaluate the effectiveness of the animal handling component of their Farm Safety Day Camps. The project identified observable and measurable safe animal handling behavior, tested the pilot evaluation tool for reliability, and refined the tool.
Ergonomic Evaluation and Development of Best Practices for the Use of Mobile Work Platform Technology in Orchards (WA State MAAF 2009-2011, NIOSH/CDC 2011-2012)
Technological advancement is important to American agriculture and will continue to transform work practices and equipment. The PNASH Center is working with the tree fruit industry to develop safety measures for mobile work platforms, so that potential hazards are prevented.
Farm Safety for Teens (NIOSH/CDC, 1998-2000)
The Skagit County Cooperative Extension office and their community sponsors have developed an annual Safety Workshop to train young workers on tractor and farm machine safety. They invited PNASH to evaluate its effectiveness. We developed a child-relevant safe behavior self-assessment tool; composed additional farm safety and environmental health curriculum to complement the Safety Workshop; assessed parental attitudes about farm health and safety; and evaluated the needs of underserved Hispanic youth in Skagit County.
Improving PPE Effectiveness in Agricultural Applications (MAAF 2012-2013
Our field team is evaluating three personal protective equipment (PPE) ideas that have the potential to reduce pesticide handler exposures. We are testing the field performance of a prototype PPE hat, reusable nitrile gloves, and the currently used respirator cartridge/filter combination.
Interventions to Minimize Worker and Family Pesticide Exposures (NIOSH/CDC, 2006-2011)
This field-based study identified, evaluated and disseminated practical pesticide safety measures that reduce pesticide exposures of agricultural workers and their families. These measures were developed on farms and brainstormed by a team of industry experts that included managers, workers, and pesticide safety educators. Direct community involvement was a key element of the project, and participation included 25 orchards and 95 individuals.In addition, the project team moved forward with the development of previously identified needs and solutions for: a protype mixer-loader splash shield; PPE fit and cleaning procedures; and validating a field analytic for pesticide residue using fluoro-specrephotometry. Twenty-one of the original thirty-one identified solutions were used or modified for inclusion in the Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety guide that is now available in English and Spanish. The Practical Solutions for Pesticide Safety guide is being disseminated regionally and evaluated for uptake within the industry.
Pilot Project: Evaluation of the WPS Train-the-Trainer Program (PNASH Pilot, 2002-2003)
PNASH was invited by the EPA and the Council of Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST) to evaluate a Worker Protection Standard train-the-trainer model curriculum; to determine its feasibility for use throughout the country; to ensure that master trainers obtain the necessary skills, tools, and knowledge to train others; and to impart knowledge to trainers. PNASH developed the instruments used to evaluate the trainers, including those with low literacy.
Pilot Project: Literacy and Safety (PNASH Pilot, 2000-2001)
Eastern Washington University Center for Farm Health and Safety researcher Mark Landa’s studied the links between literacy and safety among Hispanic farm workers. He measured the comprehensibility of graphics such as signs and symbols and text such as paragraphs and labels. His work indicates that less than half of the pesticide safety materials used in his study were understood by the subjects. The more text there was, the harder it was to understand. Education and literacy were only part of the capacity to learn. The highest score in Landa’s comprehension test was achieved by a 70 year-old woman with two years of formal education. Interested parties may obtain a copy of the report by contacting Mark Landa at email@example.com.
Pilot Project: Oregon Crab Fisherman Safety and Personal Flotation Device Survey (NIOSH 2010-2011)
The Oregon Crab Fishing Safety Assessment evaluated the effectiveness of current US Coast Guard and Oregon Dungeness Crab Commission safety initiatives and safety training programs, and field-tested five different PFDs; focusing on PFD attitudes, worker attitudes, and perceived risks. The results of this study provide feedback for policymakers and the industry considering additional safety measures, and contribute, with a local perspective, to future prevention-focused safety efforts in Oregon. This project launched a new partnership between PNASH, Oregon Health and Sciences University, NIOSH AK Field Station, and the Coast Guard.
Oregon Crab Fishing Safety Assessment, Dec. 2011
Pilot Project: Point-of-View Video Analysis of the Impact of a Faller Safety Training Program (NIOSH/CDC, 2006-2009)
Oregon Health and Sciences University researchers conducted a video observation study of loggers at work, concentrating on fallers, using video equipment attached to a hard hat for a first-person point of view. This is a promising technique for research and training.
Pilot Project: Skills Retention in Commercial Fishing Training (NIOSH/CDC, 2008-2009)
Conducted by the Alaska Marine Safety Education Association, this project informed federal policy on how often refresher training is need for survival equipment and emergency drill conductors. This project is a good example of research helping policy makers in decision-making. The results of this study are important to commercial fishing vessel safety trainers as well. A further direction for research would be to find out what an optimum interval of refresher training would be by providing periodic refresher training of skills and measuring retention rates.
Reality Tales: Storytelling to Translate Agricultural Health and Safety Research (NIOSH/CDC, 2006-2011)
‘Reality tales,’ used Northwest workers’ injury experiences to teach critical prevention strategies. This project used the oral tradition of storytelling to translate health and safety research and education for agricultural producers and workers on two critical issues: ladder injuries and heat stress. The use of stories to communicate information, values, and lessons is an effective educational strategy. This strategy works because it persuades individuals based on personal experiences, influences them to change their behavior, facilitates remembering, enhances discussion, and engages individuals personally. Stories were shared through radio and trade articles.
- How did it happen? 2011 Symposium on Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Health and Safety PowerPoint Presentation
Reducing Agricultural Worker Risks through New and Emerging Technologies (NIOSH/CDC 2011-2016)
We are evaluating interventions designed to reduce worker exposure and risk during pesticide applications in tree fruit. This project works with land grant universities, industry, producers, and workers to ensure that the decision process used for adopting new pesticide products and new spray technology development includes worker health and safety.
Use of Theater to Introduce Health and Safety Information in Hispanic Communities (NIOSH/CDC, 1996-2001)
The EWU Center for Farm Health and Safety developed a successful program that uses Spanish-language theater to provide farm workers with information on health hazards and prevention strategies. Based on data gathered from health and safety literature, key informant interviews, and a farm worker focus group, it was apparent that health and safety education must be sensitive to the literacy and language constraints of this worker population. Theater was selected as a method of providing farm health and safety education because it does not require a high level of literacy. The most urgent health and safety needs of Hispanic farm workers and their families were identified through a series of focus groups. The information gathered in the needs assessment was used to develop four one-act plays written and presented in Spanish.
Using IPM to Reduce Pyrethroid Pesticide Exposures in Dairy Workers (NIOSH/CDC 2011-2016)
The five-year project partners with WSU to reduce pesticide use in diary operations by introducing IPM practices in these workplaces. We are working with a network of participants and to develop a robust and practical IPM program that provides evidence for cost-effective interventions that can reduce pesticide usage in these farm operations.