Social and Economic Foundations

Additional Social & Economic Foundation Publications

Leibman AK, Augustave W. Agricultural health and safety: Incorporating the worker perspective Journal of Agromedicine, Online publication July 27, 2010.

Hofmann JN, Crowe J, Postma J, Ybarra V, Keifer MC. Perceptions of environmental and occupational health hazards among agricultural workers in Washington State.

Hofmann JN, Keifer MC, Fulong CE, De Roos AJ, Farin FM, Fenske RA, van Belle G, Checkoway H. Serum cholinesterate inhibition in relation to paraoxonase-1 (PON1) status among organophosphate-exposed agricutlural pesticide handlers, Env Hlth Persp 2009 Sept;117(9):1402-8. Epub 2009 June 9. 

Keifer M, Salazar M, Connan K,  An exploration of hispanic workers’ perspectives about risks and hazards associated with orchard work. family and community health. January-March 2009; 23(1):34-47.

Snyder K. Risk perception and resource security for female agricultural workers. Socioeconomic Aspects of Human Behavioral Ecology Research in Economic Anthropology, 2004; (23) 271-292.

Fenske RA. Incorporating health and ecological costs into agricultural production. Environ Health Perspect. 2002;110(5):A228-229. Onilne Editorial

Fenske RA, Simcox NJ. Agricultural Workers. In:  Levy B & Wegman D, eds. Occupational Health (4th ed.) Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co; 1999. n/a

Elkind P, Carlson J, Schnabel B. Agricultural hazards reduction through stress management. Journal of Agromedicine. 1998;5(2):23-31. n/a

Agricultural Safety and Health Decision-Making in Farming Families (NIOSH/CDC, 1996-2001)

This project explored the way specific demographics, context, process, and outcome factors influence farm health and safety decisions made by women who are farmers, farm wives, or partners. The intervention program designed for women and their farm partners was based on the results of this project’s initial research. It included safety farm assessment training for farm women and an evaluation component to measure the impact of the training and its effectiveness.

Pilot Project: Farm Families and the Employment, Training, and Supervision of Children (PNASH Pilot, 1998-1999)

This project furthered agricultural health and safety research on children by looking at parents’ attitudes towards farm safety and children’s labor. It considered how these attitudes and characteristics of farm operation affect the use of children’s labor as well as the quality of safety-related training and supervision received by children. Data were collected through interviews with twenty-five farm families in two counties in eastern Washington. Open-ended questions were used to assess the types of farm work done by children, the conditions under which children perform various tasks, and the extent and nature of parental training and supervision of children.

Pilot Project: Older Farmers: Factors Influencing Their Retirement Decisions (NIOSH/CDC, 2000-2001)

Agriculture has been recognized as one of the most hazardous occupations in the United States. In an industry where a quarter of all farm operators are 65 years of age or older, age becomes a serious factor when considering potential risk for injuries. This project explored reasons influencing the retirement decisions of farmers within five counties in Eastern Washington. The research project investigated reasons why leaving farm, not participating in farm work, and transitioning farm ownership to others is so difficult for elder farmers. Areas of inquiry included economic circumstances, issues related to loss of power in transferring the farm, and the loss of place identity. Additionally, potential risk factors which contribute to increased injuries among this population (i.e. self-reported health status and prevalence of health conditions and current use of prescription medications) were explored.

Sustainable Harvest Project (Laura Jane Musser Foundation, 2008-2009)

This stakeholder driven project aimed to reduce un-permitted harvesting of special forest products (SFPs) in the Forks, WA area and increase the overall health of the environment and the workers. In a one-year effort, the Sustainable Harvest project brought together harvesters, public and private landowners, and local city and tribal government representatives. The project simultaneously built the capacity of these stakeholders to work across cultural and linguistic differences to solve this and future conflicts, and demonstrated the value of a participatory and collaborative approach to special forest product management. SFPs such as salal (and other wildly occurring floral greens), moss, mushrooms, and medicinal plants are highly significant in their cultural, economic and ecological importance on the Olympic Peninsula. It is estimated there are 4,000 western WA immigrants from Southeast Asia, México and Central America who rely on SFP harvest as their primary livelihood. While a core group of stakeholders was brought together, the project was unable to complete its planned training due to Homeland Security activities. As an alternative, 40 Spanish-language DVDs were produced and distributed with the assistance of a group of core harvesters and community members.