Fringecup, Tellima grandiflora (Pursh) Dougl. ex Lindl.
Perennial forb with short rhizomes, leaves lightly hairy arising basally, cordate 5-8 cm wide shallowly 5-7 lobed and coarsely toothed, flowers greenish-white to reddish, fragrant, 5 pinnately divided petals, racemose inflorescence of 10-35, fruits capsules 10 mm long with numerous seeds. (2, 4)
woods, streambanks and lower mountain slopes from
Predominantly Pacific maritime climate but also found in moister zones of interior continental climate. Common from sea level to 1000 m. (2, 4)
forest understories and streambanks throughout
Moist, shady coniferous and deciduous forests, shaded riparian zones (2, 4)
Plant strategy type/successional stage
Not specifically found in literature. Appears to be associated with more mature forests. Probably not an early successional but does form thick monotypic patches in forest gaps, along streambanks and low elevation hiking trails indicating that it can take advantage of disturbance and therefore may be considered ruderal. (2, 4)
associated with both deciduous and coniferous forests throughout its range.
Commonly found locally beneath red alder (Alnus
rubra), big-leaf maple (Acer
macrophyllum), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western red
cedar (Thuja plicata), black
cottonwood and western hemlock (Tsuga
heterophylla). Often found associated with sword fern (Polystichum munitum), salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis), thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus), red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa),
May be collected as:
Seed – flowers bloom April through June, fruits probably ripe by mid-summer (1, 2, 3, 4)
Divisions – clump portions with ample roots in fall to late winter (1, 2, 3, 4)
Collection restrictions or guidelines
Typical conservative collection methods for genetic integrity and minimal ecosystem impact apply.
for stratification not noted in literature. Like many
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Seed has been noted that it can be stored at low humidity, low temperature conditions but without specifics of shelf-life or temperature. (3)
Recommended seed storage conditions
Typical low temp, low humidity conditions (3)
No particular propagation method recommended in literature. Seed would yield greater numbers of individuals with lower impact. Divisions most likely could be installed same season or potted for more mature plants the next season.
Soil or medium requirements
Standard germination mix for seeds and standard potting mix for germinants and divisions. (3)
Fresh collected divisions could be installed immediately especially in late fall/winter. No references were made in the literature to direct seeding. Germinants ready to plant after first year as 4 inch pots.
Recommended planting density
As with most groundcovers denser plantings 30 cm or less apart result in more complete cover sooner. (1)
Care requirements after installed
Based on habitat preference, If installation site is not consistently moist consistent watering during summer and other dry periods crucial. Weekly watering if not daily during especially dry periods.
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan
Not noted in literature. Like most perennials that grow vegetatively they most likely persist clonally for long but unknown periods of time. Fringecup has been noted to be a fast grower in suitable conditions.
1) Dave’s Garden, Inc. 2003. Plants Database. http://www.plantsdatabase.com
Leo and Cronquist, Arthur. Flora of the
3) Native Plants Journal and Network. http://www.nativeplantsnetwork.org .
Pojar, Jim and
McKinnon, Andy, eds. Plants of the
2002. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov)
Data compiled by
Rodney Pond 04.20.03