Malus fusca Pacific Crabapple, Oregon crab apple
(Also known as Pyrus fusca, Western crabapple)
Southern Alaska to NW California near coast.
Low to middle elevations.
Local occurrence (where, how common)
Common but minor component in western Washington swamps.
Swamps, marshes, moist sites near streams and estuaries; full sun to partial shade.
Plant strategy type/successional stage (stress-tolerator, competitor, weedy/colonizer, seral, late successional)
Early seral; Does well near salt water, sloughs and estuaries; Tolerant of prolonged soil saturation; Helps stabilize streambanks.
Red alder, Nootka rose, Sitka willow
May be collected as: (seed, layered, divisions, etc.)
Collect seeds as soon as ripe, as they are a favorite food source of birds.
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
Seed not sown in fall needs to be cold-stratified for three months.
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Recommended seed storage conditions
Seeds do not store well; plant immediately after separating from fruit.
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
Plants can be layered to produce new offshoots, but it may take two years for sufficient roots to develop.
Soil or medium requirements (inoculum necessary?)
Keep soil moist.
Installation form (form, potential for successful outcomes, cost)
1 gallon: $3.00 (Sound Native Plants); Transplants are tolerant of a relatively wide range of soil and light conditions. Transplanting success: high.
5-8’ on center
Care requirements after installed (water weekly, water once etc.)
Water egularly to keep soil moist.
Growth rate: moderate to rapid; Grows up to 40 feet tall; crown spread up to 40 feet.
Data compiled by Mike Cooksey, 18 May 2003.