a.k.a. “Myrica californica”
Along the western
Local occurrence (where, how common)
It can commonly be found in:
· coastal sage scrub community
· chaparral community (1)
Plant strategy type/successional stage (stress-tolerator, competitor, weedy/colonizer, seral, late successional)
Gaultheria shallon (salal), Vaccinium ovatum (
May be collected as: (seed, layered, divisions, etc.)
The plant may be collected as seeds or cuttings. Layering is also effective, and is less time-consuming. (3)
Collection restrictions or guidelines
Seed collection should be done in the fall. (3)
The blue-grey berries are collected as late as January in warmer climates.
Hardwood cuttings may be taken between November 1st and January 31st. (4)
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
Seeds require 3 months stratification. The waxy coating should be removed prior to stratification by soaking clean seeds overnight. Germination may take more than 100 days. (3)
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Seeds may be stored.
Recommended seed storage conditions
Store with waxy coating in dark, dry conditions.
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
Seed germination requires cold stratification. If time is a factor, layering is a much faster propagation method.
Soil or medium requirements (inoculum necessary?)
It prefers a peaty, slightly acidic soil. (3)
Soil texture should be medium to coarse. (5)
Soi pH should be between 6.0 and 7.5.
Installation form (form, potential for successful outcomes, cost)
Recommended planting density
Planting density per acre should be between 700 and 1700. (5)
Care requirements after installed (water weekly, water once etc.)
Soil should be kept moist.
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan
Growth is moderate and its lifespan is long. (5)
Pojar, Jim, Mackinnon,
Andy. Plants of the
Kruckeberg, A.R. Gardening with Native Plants.