Plant Data Sheet
(Buffaloberry, Canadian Buffaloberry, Russet Red Buffaloberry, Soapberry, Soopolallie)
Photo courtesy of: http://www.tarleton.edu/~range/New%20Photo%20Slides/Photo%20Slides%20138+/canadian%20buffalo%20berry.jpg
covers area from
It is most common in dry to moist open woods and thickets and found in lowlands to middle elevation forests. Approximately 4950 feet – 8200 feet.
Local occurrence (where, how common)
Shores, riverbanks, dry slopes, moist north slopes, open rocky woods, and occasionally in calcareous marshes. It forms dense thickets along riparian zones and valley bottoms.
It generally does best in partial shade, nutrient poor soils, and dry to moist water conditions.
Plant strategy type/successional stage (stress-tolerator, competitor, weedy/colonizer, seral, late successional)
Due to its nitrogen-fixing ability, it is dominant in many areas. It is dominant along with willow in the second stage of succession in glacial moraines. As forest transverse into old-growth forests, the cover of Shepherdia canadensis decreases. It is one of the first species to arrive after a fire.
Abies lasiocarpa, Pinus ponderosa, Picea spp., Abies spp., Pinus glauca, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Populus tremuloides, Pinus contorta, Picea engelmannii.
May be collected as: (seed, layered, divisions, etc.)
Seeds, vegetative cuttings
Seeds are to be collected in the autumn months (August/September) and not let to dry, should be cold stratified immediately. Vegetative cuttings of half-ripe wood should be taken in July/August. The plant will not fruit until after the first 4-6 years of its life.
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Storage life is approximately 42 months.
Dry to 50% below harvest weight, and store at 400 F.
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
The most successful propagation method is cuttings of sprouts off the root crown. Seed germination is very difficult due to natural seed coat breaking by birds and animals.
Soil or medium requirements (inoculum necessary?)
Installation form (form, potential for successful outcomes, cost)
Seedings grown in the nursery, then in a cold frame until their first winter, then planted in spring or summer.
No information found.
Care requirements after installed (water weekly, water once etc.)
Resistant to drought, so water sparingly.
Height can range from 3-13 feet tall. It has a shrub form.
compiled by: Kevin Klein,