Plant Data Sheet
Species (common name, Latin name)
Arrow leaf Balsamroot, Balsamorhiza sagittata
Arrowleaf balsamroot ranges from
It ranges in elevation from 300 to 2900 m.
Local occurrence (where, how common)
East of Cascade mountains.
It will tolerate semi-shade and can be found growing on open ridges, dry foothills, semiarid mountain rangelands, and southerly exposures.
Plant strategy type/successional stage (stress-tolerator, competitor, weedy/colonizer, seral, late successional)
Balsamroot is a stress tolerator; it can withstand long periods of drought and high temperatures.
Ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir, lodgepole pine.
May be collected as: (seed, layered, divisions, etc.)
Collection restrictions or guidelines
Harvest seed by hand or with a combine if terrain permits. Clean by drying, fanning, macerating, and fanning.
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
A cool, moist stratification for eight to twelve weeks at 0-4°C is required to break dormancy.
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Seeds can be stored for up to five years.
Recommended seed storage conditions
Seed can be stored at 20°C for up to five years.
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
Soil or medium requirements (inoculum necessary?)
It prefers well-drained, deep, fine to medium textured soils and open dry situations.
Installation form (form, potential for successful outcomes, cost)
Best if planted as seed or seedlings grown in greenhouse.
Recommended planting density
1200-4800 per acre.
Care requirements after installed (water weekly, water once etc.)
Moderate to no watering after it is established.
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan
Long lifespan, moderate growth rate, up to 2 feet.
The Plants Database. http://plantsdatabase.com
Data compiled by (student name and date)