Plant Data Sheet
Species (common name, Latin name)† Piperís bellflower, Campanula piperi
Campanula piperi is dwarf alpine species endemic to the Olympic Mountains in western Washington.
Found in high elevations on drier slopes
Local occurrence (where, how common)
Found only in the Olympic Mountains in Western Washington
C. piperi prefers drier slopes and is found in rock crevices
Plant strategy type/successional stage (stress-tolerator, competitor, weedy/colonizer, seral, late successional)
May be collected as: (seed, layered, divisions, etc.)
C. piperi can be propagated from seeds or divisions.
Collection restrictions or guidelines
If collecting seeds or plants in national parks or forest, please refer to their guidelines for gathering and removing plant materials.
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
Plant seeds directly in the fall or start stratified seeds inside. If started inside, should be sowed when soil reaches 68ļF. Germination is slow. Do not cover seeds.
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Recommended seed storage conditions
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
Increase by division early in spring by root cuttings or by stem cuttings taken with a bit of rootstock at the base of the shoot.†
Soil or medium requirements (inoculum necessary?)
Open, quick-draining, but moisture retentive soils of moderate fertility and a neutral Ph will work fine for most mountain plants that can be found in drier mountain slopes.
Installation form (form, potential for successful outcomes, cost)
Recommended planting density
Prefers to be planted in small crevices
Care requirements after installed (water weekly, water once etc.)
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan
Divide every 3 to 4 years
Campanula piperi. BackyardGardener.com. 26 May 2006. <http://www.backyardgardener.com/ plantname/pda_83f4.html>.
Clark, Lewis J. Wild Flowers of the Pacific Northwest from Alaska to Northern California. Vancouver, BC: Evergreen Publishing Limited, 1976.
Daveís Garden, Plant Files. 26 April 2006. < http://davesgarden.com/pf/go/73191/index.html>.
Foster, H. Lincoln. Rock Gardening. A guide to Growing Alpines and Other Wildflowers in the American Garden. New York: Bonanza Books, 1968.
Hitchcock, C. Leo and Arthur Cronquist.† Flora of the Pacific Northwest: An illustrated Manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1973.
Hitchcock, Cronquist, Ownbey and Thompson.† Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Parts 1-5. Seattle, Wa: University of Washington Press, 1961.
Seed Germination Database. Tom Clothier's Garden Walk and Talk. 26 April 2006. <http://tomclothier.hort.net/page02.html#C>.
Data compiled by (student name and date)
Molly Deardorff 5/27/06