Plant Data Sheet
Species Zigadenus venenosus
Deathcamas is distributed in
Death camas grows at low to mid elevations.
Local occurrence (where, how common)
On the coast, it coincides closely with the occurrence of Camasia quamash.
Open forests and forest edged, damp meadows, and rocky or grassy slopes.
Plant strategy type/successional stage (stress-tolerator, competitor, weedy/colonizer, seral, late successional)
Death camas is an increaser with grazing.
Camasia quamash (camas), dwarf rose (Rosa gymnocarpa) and cinquefoil (Potentilla spp.)
Other common names include:
May be collected as:
Seeds ripen in July and August and are dispersed by mid-August. Seeds germinate in the spring and a bulb is formed in the first year. Death camas reproduces vegetatively from bulb fragments and sexually with sexual maturity taking up to 3 years.
Collection restrictions or guidelines
This plant is toxic in all forms and caution must be taken when handling plant material.
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
Needs six weeks of cool stratification
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
2 to 6 months.
Recommended seed storage conditions
Paper bag at room temperature.
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
Seeds and/or bulbs.
Soil or medium requirements (inoculum necessary?)
Installation form (form, potential for successful outcomes, cost)
Recommended planting density
Care requirements after installed (water weekly, water once etc.)
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan
Death camas grows rapidly in early spring from root reserves when temperatures are cool and soils are moist.
Drake Deanne, Kern
Pojar, Jim and Andrew MacKinnon. 1994. Plants of the
Data compiled by (student name and date)