Plant Data Sheet
Black Huckleberry, Big Huckleberry – Vaccinium membranaceum
Picture : http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/vmem.htm
3000 ft and higher, drier sites
Local occurrence (where, how common)
Common in the Cascades and Olympics usually as an understory of Silver fir and Mountain Hemlock, also a dominant understory species in the eastern Olympics’ subalpine fir zone.
Open alpine meadows.
Plant strategy type/successional stage
Early to late seral species.
Silver Fir, Mountain Hemlock, Subalpine Fir, Beargrass
May be collected as: (seed, layered, divisions, etc.)
Collection restrictions or guidelines
Collect berries in August.
Seed germination (needs dormancy breaking?)
Mean seed germination 42%.
Seed life (can be stored, short shelf-life, long shelf-life)
Seed Storage up to 12 years
Recommended seed storage conditions
Remove seeds from berries (crush and float technique), dry seed, store cool.
Propagation recommendations (plant seeds, vegetative parts, cuttings, etc.)
Vegetative cuttings taken in late June. (Native Plant Network)
Soil or medium requirements
Prefers pH of 5.5, loamy silt/clay. Mesic soil preferred.
Transplant seedlings to container.
Recommended planting density
Mature plants should be spaced at least 3 ft apart.
Care requirements after installed.
Water weekly, keep in full sun.
Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan
Mature in 2 years.
Native Plant Network : http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org/network/view.asp?protocol_id=106
FEIS database: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/vacmem/
C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur.
Flora of the
Andy; Pojar, Jim. Plants
Data compiled by (student name and date)
Christer Lundstrom –