Psychology 210

Dr. Lois McDermott
Department of Psychology
University of Washington
Winter Quarter 1998

Psychology 210:
Human Sexuality

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Welcome to the Psychology 210 Syllabus Page!

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Class Schedule
Class Films
Course Policies
Teaching Staff
Class E-mail Information
Class Materials
Grading Policies
Exam Protocol
Other Issues (e.g. attendance, etc.)
How to take Multiple Choice Exams

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Film Schedule


Some of the films shown in Psych 210 are sexually explicit. Those which include a major focus on explicit sex or nudity are printed in bold type. Most of the sexually explicit films are optional. They portray a very wide range of sexual practices in heterosexual and homosexual males and females in young adulthood, during pregnancy and in later life. These films include depictions of genital nudity and a broad range of sexual activities (e.g., coitus in various positions, cunnilingus, fellatio, masturbation, whole-body massage, deep kissing, light S/M, anal stimulation, use of paraphernalia, and all sorts of paraphilias). My purpose is to offer you the opportunity to educate yourself, through visual means, about as many or as few, of these sexual practices as you choose. Please read through the brief description of the videos as an aid to decision making. If you want more information before you decide to attend please feel free to ask me about the content of the film. Educationally, it would be ideal to show a series of films which presented people from many different ethnic and socioeconomic groups. However the collection of sexual films available for educational use is very limited. Films of various groups are either not available or are so seriously flawed by stereotyping they are unsuitable for presentation. I acknowledges that the films shown in Psychology 210 (depicting Western, Caucasian, upper-middle-class, sexual images) are in themselves a very limited view of human sexuality and should not be construed as being representative or ideal. Attendance at the sexually explicit films is completely optional and is restricted to students who are officially registered in Psych 210; they are not open to the public.. I recognizes that personal standards with regard to viewing sexual material may vary dramatically from one individual to another. Students are expected to decide whether to attend these films based on their own values and educational goals. The films shown in Psych 210 have been produced under the auspices of various educational groups and have been reviewed by SIECUS (Sex Information and Educational Council of the United States). They are distributed for educational use and only to sex educators, researchers and therapists. They are not available through usual commercial modes. A wide variety of people participate in these films, including professional actors, members of the academic community and private citizens. The purpose of the films, in their production and presentation, is to educate, not to entertain, embarrass, shock, threaten or sexually arouse the viewer. I feel it is a basic human right to be free from unwanted sexual stimulation. Given the nature of the subject matter of the films, viewers need to be forewarned that feelings of sexual arousal or embarrassment may occur. If you feel that viewing these films would constitute a violation of personal values or produce undue distress, you are encouraged to choose not to attend. Most people who view these films experience diverse emotions including some which are negative. Feel free to talk with me about any disturbing feelings you have about the films.

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Many of you are taking this course on the recommendation of a friend, and
thus have some idea of what to expect.  Regardless of how you have come to
this course, you will probably experience "culture shock" for two reasons.
(1) Most of you will find it, at least initially, somewhat (extremely?)
socially taboo to listen to me talk about sex publicly and in a forthright
manner.  My intention is to educate you, not to shock, frighten or
embarrass you.  Hopefully, by the end of the first week, you will have
adjusted sufficiently to the new experience to be able to settle down and
absorb the lectures.

(2) Most of you have significant misconceptions about the discipline of
sexology.  You may be surprised, dismayed, or even angry
that you will be required to learn material which you think has no place
in a course on the psychology of sex.  This is not a course
on the psychology of sex; it is a course about human sexuality, which
fulfills the requirement of individual and society; and happens to
be offered by the psychology department.  Much like the study of
psychology (but even more so), sexology draws on may fields.  This course
will be much easier for you if you can draw from some basic knowledge in
biology, anthropology, sociology, developmental-physiological psychology,
zoology, endocrinology, public policy, etc.  In addition, a good command
of the English language will be invaluable.  I do not wish to limit
enrollment in this class by requiring numerous prerequisites, but I do
strongly urge you to wait to take this class until you have taken at least
one course in any of the disciplines listed above.  Basic biology or
physiological psychology will be especially useful.  ESL students
sometimes find the class extremely difficult.  Please talk with me if you
have any concerns about your readiness to take this class. 


PROFESSOR:  DR. LOIS MCDERMOTT.  I, the course instructor, 
have doctoral and postdoctoral training in biological and clinical
psychology and have been teaching Human Sexuality since 1975.  
In addition to teaching in the Psychology Department, I have a private
practice in adult psychotherapy dealing with sexual issues as well general
psychological problems (e.g., depression and anxiety).  My campus office
is located in Guthrie Hall, Room 237. I will have individual office hours
by appointment.  In addition I will announce chat times. I will
make myself available to students in an informal way, in the Walker Ames
Room. You are all welcome to attend to talk about issues relating to the
course and to get to know me better and so I can get to know you.  I hope
to meet you in person at some time during the quarter. 

Susan Stoner, Vivian Li, and Jennifer Wheeler.
Psychology graduate students are the TAs for the course. They will have face-to-face office hours by appointment and will post email office hours at the beginning of the 2nd week of the term. The TAs will also be available at the classroom for the 10 minutes before and after class. In addition, they will offer exam review sessions; be alert for announcement of the times and locations of these sessions. The primary responsibilities of the TAs are preparing and administering the exams, holding reviews prior to the exams, and handling all administrative aspects of the course. Questions pertaining to exam content, grades, missed exams, clarification of exam material (e.g., APPEALS, see below) should be emailed to the TAs at Return to the top of the page.

USING E-MAIL E-Mail Requirement. An e-mail address is a requirement for this course. If you provided an e-mail account at the time you registered for this course you will be automatically added to our master list (listproc) of e-mail addresses - you need do nothing further. If you did not provide an email address you need to open an account as soon as possible and send a message to listproc to add you your email address to the class distribution list. Your message to listproc should read subscribe STUD210 YourFirstName YourLastName. If you already have an e-mail address you should have been added to our list at the time you registered for the course; you DO NOT need to send a subscribe message to listproc. We will be using e-mail to send you (a) announcements about the class, (b) answers to exam questions, (c) exam grades, (d) days and times of e-mail office hours and (e) jokes and news of interest. E-mail will provide you with the most efficient way to get information about this course. The email address for Psych 210 is For answers to questions about exams, grades, extra credit etc. send email to that address at any time for an answer in the next 24 hours. There is also a newsgroup site for this course, uwash.class.psych210. All course announcements that are sent out directly to your mailbox will also be posted for the duration of the quarter on the newsgroup site. If you lose your individual copy of info you can find it any time on the newsgroup site. Please obtain an e-mail account and/or subscribe to listproc ASAP so that you will have access to information about this course Ňon-lineÓ. An excellent 3-part set of video tapes explaining how to use PINE and email at UW are on reserve at OUGL media reserve for your use. The more you learn about how to use e-mail and the sooner, the easier your life will be in our class and at the UW in general. Try to check your e-mail once per day if possible. Once you get "on-line" you'll be glad you did. Email Etiquette: Anyone who abuses this course email system will be removed from the distribution list and will get no further service from this course; - please mind your manners and be patient. The TAs will hold e-mail office hours. The days and times when they will be on-line, will be announced soon. PRIOR to the email office hour send a message to psy210w with your questions and phone number where you will be standing by during email office hours. Once the TA has arrived at an answer of your question she will call you. Please use these times to get help with course material - e.g., exam prep. Please send questions about your exams, grades, and questions about the course to the e-mail account, psy210w, where they will be processed. When you send mail to the class address please use the following titles in the subject line to ensure your message gets to the correct mail slot: for queries about exam scoring use exam score1, 2, 3, or 4; for queries about course content use questions. We will try to respond within 24 hours - but please be patient, there are 700 of you and only 3 TAs. Sending multiple repeat messages does not get you faster or better service - it actually confuses, irritates and hinders the follow-up. Prof. E-Mail. My email address is I sincerely like to hear from my students - but please do not overload my personal mail box with stuff which should go to the course account. Please write directly to me (1) if you have been instructed by the TA or me to send a message directly to me, then do so. (2) if you have a personal problem or dilemma, you are welcome to write directly to my e-mail - (3) if you have jokes or legitimate newsworthy items from the media or internet, of a sexual nature that you want to share with others, send them directly to me with the subject as jokes or news. (If I think it worthy I may post it for the entire class.) or (4) \for questions that only the prof should deal with (e.g., incomplete, failing grade, disasters, illness, complaints). Please do not use the personal e-mail address of the professor or teaching assistants unless given permission. Thanks, in advance for your cooperation. COURSE VOICE MAIL. If you have a message machine you can leave messages for the Psych 210 TAs 24 hours per day, seven days per week by calling 685-4474. Please speak slowly and clearly when you leave your name and number (spell your name). You will receive a telephone response within the week. The TA will only call once, if you do not have a message machine you may be out of luck. Prof Voice Mail. My voice mail is 543-0806. Please do not leave messages about grades or exams on my voice mail. However please do feel free to contact me about emergencies, personal issues, or issues about the course content. Email is better than voice mail if you want a quick response. Please do not leave a voice mail message if you do not have a message machine. I will only call once. Jokes Address List. If you wish to receive a posting of the class jokes - which are culled from the submission of industrious students in the class, you will need to subscribe to a special jokes address list. This way jokes will not be sent to those you do not want to receive them. You may unsubscribe to this jokes list anytime. The jokes are about sex and are often lewd, crude, sexist, ageist but they are never racist. I preview all the jokes before posting and cull those I find too offensive. I must admit I donŐt find very much offensive. This is meant to be educational in the sense that such material does exist and some people (more than others) delight in smut. If this is not for you, donŐt subscribe or unsubscribe if you find it too offensive. I have a very definite bias against racist or "ethnic" jokes - so don't send those. Also don't send long narratives -(i.e., longer than one screen) - I don't have time for that. To subscribe to the jokes list, send a message to listproc which says only subscribe jokes210 YourFirstName YourLastName. Return to the top of the page.

CLASS MATERIALS LECTURE OUTLINE. A detailed outline of the lectures, entitled Human Sexuality and written by me, serves as the backbone of this course. It can be purchased at the bookstore. The outline forms the basis of the lectures, informs you of what in the text should be stressed and is a source of information itself. All the material in the outline is subject to appear on exams whether or not it is covered in the lecture or in the text. You should bring the lecture outline to class every day as it will be an important aid in taking notes. New material (found neither in the text nor in the outline) will sometimes be presented during lecture time. Any material presented during lecture and or appearing in the lecture outline or in the assigned articles is subject to appear on exams. Book of Readings. A collection of articles, Culture and Sexuality, 4th Edition, edited by me and sold at the bookstore, is required reading for this course and subject to appear on exams. These articles present a cross-cultural view of human sexuality and cover important issues, an or give examples, which are not covered in the text or in lecture. Copies of this book are on reserve at OUGL. Textbook. Human Sexuality Today. The title of the textbook is listed on the course syllabus and can be purchased at the University Bookstore. The reading in the textbook is assigned to provide a more thorough presentation (i.e., fill out some of the detail) of the material presented in the lecture and the outline. Textbooks are also kept on reserve at OUGL for your use. Lecture Slides. Black and write printed copies of the slides used during lecture are on reserve in the Odegaard Library Copy Desk, and OUGL Reserve Desk. Electronic copies can be obtained from the homepage or newsgroup. Films. A series of films covering many different aspects and issues of sexuality around the world will be shown during and/or after the regular class time. Some of these films are optional - you will learn a great deal if you attend but you will not be penalized if you donŐt. All the conceptual and factual knowledge in the films is available from other sources. Some students benefit greatly from seeing material presented in a visual format. The films are not included in the lecture video tapes. The only way to view the films is by coming to class when they are shown. Some of the films shown in Psych 210 are sexually explicit and/or may cover topics which are offensive to you. Attendance is not required at any film which the viewer finds offensive and/or is sexually explicit. See the detailed listing of the films in the syllabus to inform yourself of the film content. Video Tapes Of The Lectures. Videotapes of the lectures will be placed on reserve in the Media Services Center on the Mezzanine in Odegaard Library within 24 hours of the class. All the tapes of all the lectures are continually available. The tapes can be obtained by requesting them at the desk (by topic/unit) and must be used in the booths provided for that purpose in the library. Because I sometimes introduce material in lecture which does not appear in the outline or text, I strongly urge students who miss class to use this service. Copies of the lecture slides are on reserve at the Odegaard Reserve Desk and at the Copy Desk, for use with the tapes. They should be helpful for following along. Audio Tapes. An audio tape of each lecture is placed on reserve in the Media Services Center on the Mezzanine in Odegaard Library. The tapes are usually running on the system 24 hours after the lecture. The most current lectures are kept on the system each day; earlier tapes can be obtained by requesting them at the desk. These tapes must be used in the booths provided for that purpose in the library. Because I sometimes introduce material in lecture which does not appear in the outline or test, I strongly urge students who miss class to use this service. Any student who wishes may use his/her own recorder during lecture to make tapes for personal use. Recommended Reading. Students in this course often have numerous "personal" questions (e.g., how to have sex with a partner, how to have orgasms or how to be a better lover, etc.) Two books, New Male Sexuality by Zilbergeld and For Each Other (female sexuality) by Barbach are highly recommended to answer these types of questions. Both are written in easy to read prose by Ph.D. psychologists who are highly respected sex therapists and researchers. ASUW Lecture Notes. The student union (ASUW) provides a note-taking service for PSYCH 210. Inquire at HUB (G10) for information and subscription for this optional service. The course professor bears no responsibility for either the accuracy or completeness of these lecture notes. Please be aware that errors or omissions in the lecture notes will not be a justification for missing an exam question. Return to the top of the page.

GRADING POLICIES Grade Inflation. The University expects faculty to make a concerted effort to curb grade inflation. To facilitate achieving this goal, records are kept of the average grades at the 100, 200, 300 etc., level in all the departments on campus. In this way faculty can check how the grades in their classes stack up with those of their counter-parts in their own or in other disciplines. Typically the average grade in this class (prior to extra credit) is 2.8 - which is the same average as other 200 level social and natural science courses (e.g., physics). In a practical sense this means that 50% of the students who take Psych 210 should expect to have a GPA below 2.8 and 50% will be above 2.8. 4.0s will be rare. Many students imagine that because the topic of this course is so intriguing, common-sense, fun, etc., the course will be easy and high grades will be typical. Nothing can be farther from the truth. Most students find this to be a very challenging course and they soon discover that they had little idea of the true nature of this topic. Please approach this course with the diligence you would apply to a physics class. Please don't wait until it's too late. Many students are dismayed at the thought of making a low grade in sex; how embarrassing - something so easy, so obvious, so ............ But many of you will get a lower grade than you hoped for; this may be the lowest grade you get at the university. However, most of you will also feel that this is one of the most valuable courses that you will have taken. Because this material deals with such a basic human concern, most of you will remember what you learned for far longer than other subjects you study. In spite of a non-inflated grade few students regret having taken the course. I hope this proves true for you. Exams. Exams will cover all information covered in the lectures, lecture outline, and the required reading in the text and articles. There will be four non-cumulative exams consisting of 40 multiple-choice questions. No make-up exams are given for any reason during the term. If you miss any of the first 3 exams you will need to make up that exam during finals week at the time set aside for our class on June 9th, 2:30 - 4:30 p.m. in Kane 130. If you know in advance that you will miss an exam due to athletic, or military travel, please see the Teaching Fellow to make arrangements to take the exam while you are away. We need your coach or commanding officer to write us a note, and give us a fax number where the exam can be sent and supervise the exam and return your answers to us. We need to have this information one week prior to your departure. Please plan ahead. You need to take the exam on or before the date and time the exam will occur in class. Your answers need to be faxed to us before 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time on the date of the exam in order to be valid. There are no exceptions to this provision. The psychology fax number is 685-3157. Cumulative Final. Those who missed exams 1, 2 or 3 must take the section of the cumulative final which corresponds to the missed exam. Those who did not miss any exams but wish to improve on a low score on an exam may take those sections of the cumulative final corresponding to those units which need improvement. If on the "retake" you do more poorly, your original score will be used to compute your grade - there is no jeopardy in taking the optional final. Course Grade. Your grade will be based on the total number of points you earn on four exams and/or the corresponding sections of the cumulative final. Any extra credit (see below) you have earned will be added to your grade points to yield a course grade. Docked One Point. If you make an error filling in the bubbles on your mark-sense form for your student number, name, or test version you will be penalized 1 exam point each time this occurs. Please be careful. Correction Of Errors. After each exam (about 2 hours) we will e-mail the correct answers to you (and post them on the homepage and newsgroup). Use your copy of the exam to score yourself and keep a record. Within a few days we will mail you your exam score(s). If your score is missing send an e-mail to the course account with exam score 1, 2, 3, or 4 on the subject line - include you name, student number and the version of the exam you took. We will correct the error. You have one week to alert us to any scoring errors. After the next exam the score roster will show your corrected score plus your most recent exam score. You will not receive any direct notification from us concerning individual scores. Please do not get impatient and send the message multiple times - wait until the correction fails to appear on the next grade posting. Incomplete. Only students who are prevented from taking an exam due to special circumstances beyond their control (e.g., documented death, medical illness, accident) are eligible for an incomplete. Students are expected to complete an incomplete by taking missed exams with my class in the next quarter the course is offered. Grade Points. At the end of the term, grade points will be assigned based on your total score (see above) according to the following scale: 96 % and above = 4.0, 88% = 3.5, 83% = 3.0, 74% = 2.5, 66% = 2.0, 61% = 1.5, 53% = 1.0; 50% = 0.7. Grade points will also be assigned within each of the above categories. If a particular exam is especially difficult (i.e., the mean falls below 2.8) points will be added to all scores until this level is achieved. Appeal Procedure. An item analysis of the exam is performed to assess the class performance on each question, answer by answer, to determine the level of ambiguity of each test item. In the event the item analysis indicates a hard, poor item, the scores of all students are automatically corrected for such items - you do not need to appeal those items. If you are confused about the correct answer please ask for clarification - using email to the class address. However, if on some other item(s) your answer to an exam question is marked as being incorrect but you feel it is correct, you may contest the questions by writing an appeal. (You do not need to appeal those items corrected by the item analysis). The written appeal must be based on the material presented in the lecture, lecture outline or text (indicating chapter, page, line and specific quote); it cannot be based on your personal opinion or experience. In your appeal, you must establish (1) why the correct answer is "incorrect" and (2) why the answer you chose is "correct". Wait to write you appeals until you receive an email announcement of the items which will automatically be computed because they were hard, poor. Appeals are due within 3 class periods after the announcement of the item analysis. The appeal will be reviewed and credit given accordingly. Be thorough the first time because there is no appeal of the appeal. The teaching assistants will give credit for acceptable appeals. No appeals will be accepted for the final exams. Extra Credit. Extra credit points can be earned by serving as a research subject in projects approved by the Department of Psychology. Consult the bulletin board in the basement waiting area in Guthrie Hall (located immediately below the East entrance of Guthrie) for the time and location of research projects. Sign-up sheets will not be available until the second Thursday of the quarter. The projects involve a wide variety of tasks. See the handout for details of your rights and responsibilities as a research subject. Be sure to note the EXPERIMENT NUMBER when you sign up. You will need the number of your experiment to trouble-shoot any problem with your credit. There will be over 500 experiment sign-up sheets being put up and taken down as they fill up during the quarter. You need to check on a weekly (daily) basis for available space. The experiments stop at the beginning of the 9th week. You are required to be in the assigned waiting area 10 minutes prior to the start of the experiment in order to get credit. The waiting area is not the same location as the sign-up board. Save Your Receipt. Students will receive credit on their final grade as follows: at least 2 hours of participation = .1 grade points; at least 4 hours of participation = .2 grade points. If you sign up and fail to show up you will lose that credit toward your total. The maximum amount of credit your may earn is .2 grade points. Your grade point will be calculated as described above and then extra credit grade points will be added to produce your final grade. Retain the credit receipt given to you upon completion of the experiment until you have confirmed the accuracy of your final course grade. At the end of the quarter we will email you our roster of student credits. If our record of your participation is incorrect make a copy of your receipts and put them in my mail box. The receipts will be used in the event that the master record compiled by the department is incomplete. Return to the top of the page.


EXAM PROTOCOL Assigned Seats For Exams. You must sit in your assigned seat during all exams. Failure to sit in your assigned seat during exams will warrant a zero for that exam. Your seat assignment will be sent to you via email prior to the 1st exam. Be sure to locate your seat in the lecture hall before the day of the first exam. Alert us if your seat is missing or broken. During the first week of the quarter send an email message to the course address letting us know if you wish to be assigned to a left-handed desk or plan to use a bilingual dictionary. Bring Identification With Your Picture And Signature To All Exams. You must bring some form of identification (e.g., driver's license, State identification card, passport) which bears your picture and signature to all exams. You should be prepared to show this ID if requested. Materials Needed For All Exams. Be sure to bring to each exam the following five items: a. MARK-SENSE FORM (can be obtained from almost any cashier on campus) b. NUMBER TWO PENCIL (soft-lead with eraser, SHARPENED) c. STUDENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER d. SEAT ASSIGNMENT e. PICTURE-ID WITH SIGNATURE English As A Second Language. UW prides itself on its multi-cultural student body. However, because exams are time-limited and given in English some students may be at a disadvantage because English is not their native language. If you feel your difficulties with language pose a handicap during testing, contact the TAs to make arrangements for special testing accommodations. Use of a bilingual dictionary during the exam may be allowed given prior approval from the exam proctor. If you intend to use a bilingual dictionary during exams, please send an email message to the course addressed during the first week, before exam seat assignments have been made. Exam Ethics. I feel that providing a testing environment which is fair to all students is important. Every effort is made to keep exam materials secure and to prevent any individual from benefiting from unauthorized help either prior to or during the exam. Exam Proctors are instructed to dismiss students from the exam who are observed looking around, talking to others or who appear to have unauthorized materials at their disposal during the exam. Any behavior deemed to be inappropriate during the exam will result in a zero (0) for that exam at the very least and may also involve stronger sanctions depending on the nature of the offense. If you believe that cheating is taking place contact me or one of the TAs. We will do everything in our power to prevent or curtail such activity and to ensure your anonymity if you complain to us. Take an active part in protecting the value of your grades. Failure to sit in your assigned seat or taking a version of the exam which is the same as those seated adjacent are viewed as prima facia evidence of cheating and will be dealt with accordingly. Remember, we know which seat is assigned to each person and we know which version of each exam each person should be taking. Do not allow someone to sit in your seat or copy from your version of the exam. Please report these matters to me - your information will be held in confidence. Return to the top of the page.

OTHER ISSUES Letters Of Recommendation. At some point all of you will need letters of recommendation for one reason or another. Plan ahead. Your best strategy is to volunteer to do research with a professor, and/or take independent readings. In classes which have labs or discussion sections, making a good impression on the TA is highly recommended. I write letters of recommendation only for students who have done independent research/readings with me. In a class this size I simply do not have enough information about individual students to comment about their strengths and weaknesses. I accept students for independent work on a case by case basis. The minimum requirement is a 3.5+ in Psych 210, a strong interest in cross-cultural research, and good writing and library research skills. If this is you please be in touch in future quarters. Class Attendance Is Highly Recommended. Frequently information is presented during lecture which is not otherwise available. Failure to attend class is not an adequate excuse for being uninformed about matters concerning the class. If you miss class, consult the audio/video tapes and/or ASUW lecture notes for announcements and lecture material. Chatting During Lecture. Please be considerate of me and your classmates. Students complain frequently about the noise level in the class. Please attend class only if you are prepared to listen to the lecture. Do not converse with friends during the lecture. When you talk or whisper to the person next to you, it may seem quiet to you, but the noise level adds up very fast. It is annoying and distracting to those who are sitting nearby. If another student gestures for you to be quiet, please do so. Remember if you are distracting others by your chat you are the one who is being rude. For those of you who are bored or distracted by other matters, please leave the lecture hall if you cannot remain quiet. In the long run leaving will be much less disturbing to the class than your chatter. For those of you who are annoyed by chatter bring it to my attention or the attention of the rude person. You have the right to do so. All you need is the courage. If your request for quiet is ignored or jeered raise your hand and report it to me. I'll embarrass the heck out of the noisy ones if you want me to. Hall Health. Registered students at UW are usually eligible for medical care through Hall Health Service. The health information given in this course is of a general nature and not meant to be a substitute for professional medical care. Please contact Hall Health or other health professionals for medical care (i.e., birth control, STDs, routine examinations) which is specific to your individual needs and circumstances. I Hope This Will Be A Great Quarter For All Of Us! Best Wishes, Prof. McDermott

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AIDS TO MEMORY. As soon as you get your test, write reminder notes on your exam. Draw any diagrams or charts you may have memorized. If possible, do this first thing before the stress of the exam eradicates your memory.

TRUE/FALSE STRATEGY. Treat each alternative (a, b, c, d, e, ) as a true/false question. Use a consistent system for rating your confidence about whether the statement is true or false. See example.

		Which statement about the solar system is correct?
	F?		 a.  there are ten planets
	F		 b.  Uranus is the largest planet
	F		 c.  all the planets have orbits of 365 days
	?		 d.  all planets have an axis of rotation which is similar
	T?		 e.  earth is the only planet with a gaseous oxygen atmosphere

QUESTIONS IN THE AFFIRMATIVE On questions, which are stated in the affirmative (e.g., the example above) the pattern you hope to produce is 4 Fs and 1 T. Once you have rated each choice, the alternative which you have marked T with the most confidence should be chosen as the "best"/"correct" answer to the question. Which answer you select will depend upon your actual pattern of marks on each question.

QUESTIONS IN THE NEGATIVE. Some questions are stated in the "negative" such as "all are true EXCEPT"; "Which is NOT true"; " Which is FALSE?". These questions should have a pattern of 4 Ts and 1 F. In this case the statement you have marked "F" with the most confidence is the best/correct answer to the question.

WHEN/HOW TO CHANGE ANSWERS. Work through the entire test; force yourself to select your best answer on the first pass (you may not have time later). When you have worked through the entire test, review those questions where you were unsure. NEVER, NEVER, NEVER change an answer unless you can state what info you have now which is different than the first time you looked as the question. By all means, select a different answer if you can now mark it with more confidence than you did the first time. But DO NOT rely on "hunches" at this point.

ASK QUESTIONS. Ask questions during the exam. Sometimes simply asking the questions will give you some insight into your difficulty. The exam proctors will tell you if you are "reading too much" into a question.

TRANSFER ANSWERS TO MARK-SENSE FORM AT END. When you are finished selecting all your answers, transfer your answers to the mark-sense form. Doing it all at once reduces errors. Leave enough time to do so.


Written messages can be placed in our mailboxes on the first floor of Guthrie Hall. Please include your name and a way to contact you (phone number or email address).

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