Working Glossary of Terms
A note about these definitions: Each of these definitions has been carefully researched
and closely analyzed from theoretical and practical perspectives for cultural sensitivity,
common usage, and general appropriateness. We have done our best to represent the
most popular uses of the terms listed; however there may be some variation in
definitions depending on location. Please note that each person who uses any or all of
these terms does so in a unique way (especially terms that are used in the context of an
identity label). If you do not understand the context in which a person is using one of
these terms, it is always appropriate to ask. This is especially recommended when
using terms that we have noted that can have a derogatory connotation.
|Ag / Aggressive –||See ‘Stud.’|
|Agendered –||Person is internally ungendered.|
|Ally –||Someone who confronts heterosexism, homophobia, biphobia,
transphobia, heterosexual and genderstraight privilege in themselves and others;
a concern for the well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and intersex people;
and a belief that heterosexism, homophobia, biphobia and transphobia are social
|Androgyne –||Person appearing and/or identifying as neither man nor woman,
presenting a gender either mixed or neutral.
|Asexual –||Person who is not sexually attracted to anyone or does not have a
|BDSM:||(Bondage, Discipline/Domination, Submission/Sadism, and Masochism )
The terms ‘submission/sadism’ and ‘masochism’ refer to deriving pleasure from
inflicting or receiving pain, often in a sexual context. The terms ‘bondage’ and
‘domination’ refer to playing with various power roles, in both sexual and social
context. These practices are often misunderstood as abusive, but when
practiced in a safe, sane, and consensual manner can be a part of healthy sex
life. (Sometimes referred to as ‘leather.’)
|Bear:||The most common definition of a ‘bear’ is a man who has facial/body hair,
and a cuddly body. However, the word ‘bear’ means many things to different
people, even within the bear movement. Many men who do not have one or all of
these characteristics define themselves as bears, making the term a very loose
one. ‘Bear’ is often defined as more of an attitude and a sense of comfort with
natural masculinity and bodies.
|Berdache –||A generic term used to refer to a third gender person (woman-livingman).
The term ‘berdache’ is generally rejected as inappropriate and offensive by
Native Peoples because it is a term that was assigned by European settlers to
differently gendered Native Peoples. Appropriate terms vary by tribe and
include: ‘one-spirit’, ‘two-spirit’, and ‘wintke.’
|Bicurious –||A curiosity about having sexual relations with a same gender/sex
|Bigendered –||A person whose gender identity is a combination of male/man and
|Binding –||The process of flattening one’s breasts to have a more masculine or
flat appearing chest.
|Biphobia –||The fear of, discrimination against, or hatred of bisexuals, which is
often times related to the current binary standard. Biphobia can be seen within
the LGBTQI community, as well as in general society.
|Bisexual –||A person emotionally, physically, and/or sexually attracted to
males/men and females/women. This attraction does not have to be equally split
between genders and there may be a preference for one gender over others.
|Bottom –||A person who is said to take a more submissive role during sexual
interactions. Sometimes referred to as ‘pasivo’ in Latin American cultures. Also
known as ‘Catcher.’ (See also ‘Top’.)
|Bottom Surgery –||Surgery on the genitals designed to create a body in harmony
with a person’s preferred gender expression.
|Butch –||A person who identifies themselves as masculine, whether it be
physically, mentally or emotionally. ‘Butch’ is sometimes used as a derogatory
term for lesbians, but it can also be claimed as an affirmative identity label.
|Catcher –||See ‘Bottom.’ This term may be considered offensive by some
|Cisgender –||describes someone who feels comfortable with the gender identity
and gender expression expectations assigned to them based on their physical
|Coming Out –||May refer to the process by which one accepts one’s own
sexuality, gender identity, or status as an intersexed person (to “come out” to
oneself). May also refer to the process by which one shares one’s sexuality,
gender identity, or intersexed status with others (to “come out” to friends, etc.).
This can be a continual, life-long process for homosexual, bisexual,
transgendered, and intersexed individuals.
|Cross-dresser –||Someone who wears clothes of another gender/sex.|
|D&D –||An abbreviation for drug and disease free.|
|Discrimination –||Prejudice + power. It occurs when members of a more
powerful social group behave unjustly or cruelly to members of a less powerful
social group. Discrimination can take many forms, including both individual acts
of hatred or injustice and institutional denials of privileges normally accorded to
other groups. Ongoing discrimination creates a climate of oppression for the
|Down Low –||See ‘In the Closet.’ Also referred to as ‘D/L.’|
|Drag –||The performance of one or multiple genders theatrically.|
|Drag King –||A person who performs masculinity theatrically.|
|Drag Queen –||A person who performs femininity theatrically.|
|Dyke –||Derogatory term referring to a masculine lesbian. Sometimes adopted
affirmatively by lesbians (not necessarily masculine ones) to refer to themselves.
|Fag –||Derogatory term referring to someone perceived as non-heteronormative.|
|Fag Hag –||A term primarily used to describe women who prefer the social
company of gay men. While this term is claimed in an affirmative manner by
some, it is largely regarded as derogatory.
|Femme –||Feminine identified person of any gender/sex.|
|FTM / F2M –||Abbreviation for female-to-male transgender or transsexual person.|
|Gay –||1. Term used in some cultural settings to represent male-identified people who are
attracted to male-identified people in a romantic, erotic and/or emotional sense. Not all male-identified people who
engage in “homosexual behavior” identify as gay, and as such this label should
be used with caution. 2. Term used to refer to the LGBTQI community as a
whole, or as an individual identity label for anyone who does not identify as
|Gender Binary –||The idea that there are only two genders – male/female or
man/woman and that a person must be strictly gendered as either/or. (See also
|Gender Confirming Surgery –||Medical surgeries used to modify one’s body to
be more congruent with one’s gender identity. See “Sex Reassignment Surgery.”
|Gender Cues –||What human beings use to attempt to tell the gender/sex of
another person. Examples include hairstyle, gait, vocal inflection, body shape,
facial hair, etc. Cues vary by culture.
|Gender Identity –||A person’s sense of being masculine, feminine, or other
|Gender Normative –||A person who by nature or by choice conforms to gender
based expectations of society. (Also referred to as ‘Genderstraight’.)
|Gender Oppression –||The societal, institutional, and individual beliefs and
practices that privilege cisgender (gender-typical people) and subordinate and
disparage transgender or gender variant people. Also known as “genderism.”
|Gender Variant –||A person who either by nature or by choice does not conform
to gender-based expectations of society (e.g. transgender, transsexual, intersex,
genderqueer, cross-dresser, etc.).
|Genderism –||see “Gender Oppression.”|
|Genderfuck –||The idea of playing with ‘gender cues’ to purposely confuse
“standard” or stereotypical gender expressions, usually through clothing.
|Genderqueer –||A gender variant person whose gender identity is neither male
nor female, is between or beyond genders, or is some combination of genders.
Often includes a political agenda to challenge gender stereotypes and the gender
|Genderstraight—||See ‘Gender Normative.’
Hermaphrodite—An out-of-date and offensive term for an intersexed person.
(See ‘Intersexed Person’.)
|Heteronormativity—||The assumption, in individuals or in institutions, that
everyone is heterosexual, and that heterosexuality is superior to homosexuality
|Heterosexism –||Prejudice against individuals and groups who display nonheterosexual
behaviors or identities, combined with the majority power to impose
such prejudice. Usually used to the advantage of the group in power. Any
attitude, action, or practice – backed by institutional power – that subordinates
people because of their sexual orientation.
|Heterosexual Privilege –||Those benefits derived automatically by being
heterosexual that are denied to homosexuals and bisexuals. Also, the benefits
homosexuals and bisexuals receive as a result of claiming heterosexual identity
or denying homosexual or bisexual identity.
|HIV-phobia –||The irrational fear or hatred of persons living with HIV/AIDS.|
|Homophobia –||The irrational fear or hatred of homosexuals, homosexuality, or
any behavior or belief that does not conform to rigid sex role stereotypes. It is
this fear that enforces sexism as well as heterosexism.
|Homosexual –||A person primarily emotionally, physically, and/or sexually
attracted to members of the same sex.
|Identity Sphere –||The idea that gender identities and expressions do not fit on a
linear scale, but rather on a sphere that allows room for all expression without
weighting any one expression as better than another.
|In the Closet –||Refers to a homosexual, bisexual, transperson or intersex
person who will not or cannot disclose their sex, sexuality, sexual orientation or
gender identity to their friends, family, co-workers, or society. An intersex person
may be closeted due to ignorance about their status since standard medical
practice is to “correct,” whenever possible, intersex conditions early in childhood
and to hide the medical history from the patient. There are varying degrees of
being “in the closet”; for example, a person can be out in their social life, but in
the closet at work, or with their family. Also known as ‘Downlow” or ‘D/L.’
|Intergender –||A person whose gender identity is between genders or a
combination of genders.
|Institutional Oppression –||Arrangements of a society used to benefit one group
at the expense of another through the use of language, media, education,
religion, economics, etc.
|Internalized Oppression –||The process by which a member of an oppressed
group comes to accept and live out the inaccurate stereotypes applied to the
|Intersexed Person—||Someone whose sex a doctor has a difficult time
categorizing as either male or female. A person whose combination of
chromosomes, gonads, hormones, internal sex organs, gonads, and/or genitals
differs from one of the two expected patterns.
Leather: See ‘BDSM’.
|Lesbian –||Term used to describe female-identified people attracted romantically,
erotically, and/or emotionally to other female-identified people. The term lesbian
is derived from the name of the Greek island of Lesbos and as such is
sometimes considered a Eurocentric category that does not necessarily
represent the identities of African-Americans and other non-European ethnic
groups. This being said, individual female-identified people from diverse ethnic
groups, including African-Americans, embrace the term ‘lesbian’ as an identity
|Lesbian Baiting –||The heterosexist notion that any woman who prefers the
company of woman, or who does not have a male partner, is a lesbian.
|LGBTQI –||A common abbreviation for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer
and intersexed community.
|Lipstick Lesbian –||Usually refers to a lesbian with a feminine gender
expression. Can be used in a positive or a derogatory way, depending on who is
using it. Is sometimes also used to refer to a lesbian who is seen as
automatically passing for heterosexual.
|Male Lesbian—||A male-bodied person who identifies as a lesbian. This differs
from a heterosexual male in that a male lesbian is primarily attracted to other
lesbian, bisexual or queer identified people. May sometimes identify as gender
variant, or as a female/woman. (See ‘Lesbian.’)
|Metrosexual –||First used in 1994 by British journalist Mark Simpson, who coined
the term to refer to an urban, heterosexual male with a strong aesthetic sense
who spends a great deal of time and money on his appearance and lifestyle.
This term can be perceived as derogatory because it reinforces stereotypes that
all gay men are fashion-conscious and materialistic.
|MTF / M2F –||Abbreviation for male-to-female transgender or transsexual
|Non-binary –||An umbrella term to describe gender experiences, expressions, and identities that fall outside the Western gender binary|
|Oppression –||The systematic subjugation of a group of people by another group
with access to social power, the result of which benefits one group over the other
and is maintained by social beliefs and practices.
|Outing –||Involuntary disclosure of one’s sexual orientation, gender identity, or
|Packing –||Wearing a phallic device on the groin and under clothing for any
purposes including: (for someone without a biological penis) the validation or
confirmation of one’s masculine gender identity; seduction; and/or sexual
readiness (for one who likes to penetrate another during sexual intercourse).
|Pangendered –||A person whose gender identity is comprised of all or many
|Pansexual –||A person who is sexually attracted to all or many gender
|Passing –||Describes a person’s ability to be accepted as their preferred
gender/sex or race/ethnic identity or to be seen as heterosexual.
|Pitcher –||See ‘Top.’ This term may be offensive to some people.|
|Polyamory –||Refers to having honest, usually non-possessive, relationships with
multiple partners and can include: open relationships, polyfidelity (which involves
multiple romantic relationships with sexual contact restricted to those), and subrelationships
(which denote distinguishing between a ‘primary” relationship or
relationships and various “secondary” relationships).
|Prejudice –||A conscious or unconscious negative belief about a whole group of
people and its individual members.
|Queer –||1. An umbrella term which embraces a matrix of sexual preferences,
orientations, and habits of the not-exclusively- heterosexual-and-monogamous
majority. Queer includes lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transpeople, intersex
persons, the radical sex communities, and many other sexually transgressive
(underworld) explorers. 2. This term is sometimes used as a sexual orientation
label instead of ‘bisexual’ as a way of acknowledging that there are more than
two genders to be attracted to, or as a way of stating a non-heterosexual
orientation without having to state who they are attracted to. 3. A reclaimed word
that was formerly used solely as a slur but that has been semantically overturned
by members of the maligned group, who use it as a term of defiant pride. ‘Queer’
is an example of a word undergoing this process. For decades ‘queer’ was used
solely as a derogatory adjective for gays and lesbians, but in the 1980s the term
began to be used by gay and lesbian activists as a term of self-identification.
Eventually, it came to be used as an umbrella term that included gay men,
lesbians, bisexuals, and transgendered people. Nevertheless, a sizable
percentage of people to whom this term might apply still hold ‘queer’ to be a
hateful insult, and its use by heterosexuals is often considered offensive.
Similarly, other reclaimed words are usually offensive to the in-group when used
by outsiders, so extreme caution must be taken concerning their use when one is
not a member of the group.
|Same Gender Loving –||A term sometimes used by members of the AfricanAmerican
/ Black community to express an alternative sexual orientation without
relying on terms and symbols of European descent. The term emerged in the
early 1990’s with the intention of offering Black women who love women and
Black men who love men a voice, a way of identifying and being that resonated
with the uniqueness of Black culture in life. (Sometimes abbreviated as ‘SGL’.)
|Sex –||A medical term designating a certain combination of gonads,
chromosomes, external gender organs, secondary sex characteristics and
hormonal balances. Because usually subdivided into ‘male’ and ‘female’, this
category does not recognize the existence of intersexed bodies.
|Sex Identity –||How a person identifies physically: female, male, in between,
beyond, or neither.
|Sexual Orientation –||The desire for intimate emotional and/or sexual
relationships with people of the same gender/sex, another gender/sex, or
|Sexual Reassignment Surgery (SRS) –||A term used by some medical
professionals to refer to a group of surgical options that alter a person’s “sex”. In
most states, one or multiple surgeries are required to achieve legal recognition of
gender variance. Also known as “Gender Confirming Surgery.”
|Sexuality –||A person’s exploration of sexual acts, sexual orientation, sexual
pleasure, and desire.
|Stealth –||This term refers to when a person chooses to be secretive in the
public sphere about their gender history, either after transitioning or while
successful passing. (Also referred to as ‘going stealth’ or ‘living in stealth mode’.)
|Stem –||A person whose gender expression falls somewhere between a stud and
a femme. (See also ‘Femme’ and ‘Stud’.)
|Stereotype –||A preconceived or oversimplified generalization about an entire
group of people without regard for their individual differences. Though often
negative, can also be complimentary. Even positive stereotypes can have a
negative impact, however, simply because they involve broad generalizations
that ignore individual realities.
|Stone Butch / Femme–||A person who may or may not desire sexual penetration
and/or contact with the genitals or breasts. (See also ‘Butch’ and ‘Femme’).
|Straight –||Another term for heterosexual.|
|Straight-Acting –||A term usually applied to gay men who readily pass as
heterosexual. The term implies that there is a certain way that gay men should
act that is significantly different from heterosexual men. Straight-acting gay men
are often looked down upon in the LGBTQ community for seemingly accessing
|Stud —||An African-American and/or Latina masculine lesbian. Also known as
‘butch’ or ‘aggressive’.
|Switch –||A person who is both a ‘Top’ and a ‘Bottom’, there may or may not be a
preference for one or the other.
|Top —||A person who is said to take a more dominant role during sexual
interactions. May also be known as ‘Pitcher.’
|Top Surgery –||This term usually refers to surgery for the construction of a maletype
chest, but may also refer to breast augmentation.
|Trans –||An abbreviation that is sometimes used to refer to a gender variant
person. This use allows a person to state a gender variant identity without
having to disclose hormonal or surgical status/intentions. This term is sometimes
used to refer to the gender variant community as a whole.
|Transactivism-||The political and social movement to create equality for gender
|Transgender –||A person who lives as a member of a gender other than that
expected based on anatomical sex. Sexual orientation varies and is not
dependent on gender identity.
|Transgendered (Trans) Community –||A loose category of people who
transcend gender norms in a wide variety of ways. The central ethic of this
community is unconditional acceptance of individual exercise of freedoms
including gender and sexual identity and orientation.
|Transhate –||The irrational hatred of those who are gender variant, usually
expressed through violent and often deadly means.
|Tranny Chaser –||A term primarily used to describe people who prefer or actively
seek transpeople for sexual or romantic relations. While this term is claimed in
an affirmative manner by some, it is largely regarded as derogatory.
|Transition –||This term is primarily used to refer to the process a gender variant
person undergoes when changing their bodily appearance either to be more
congruent with the gender/sex they feel themselves to be and/or to be in
harmony with their preferred gender expression.
|Transman—||An identity label sometimes adopted by female-to-male
transsexuals to signify that they are men while still affirming their history as
females. Also referred to as ‘transguy(s).’
|Transphobia –||The irrational fear of those who are gender variant and/or the
inability to deal with gender ambiguity.
|Transsexual –||A person who identifies psychologically as a gender/sex other
than the one to which they were assigned at birth. Transsexuals often wish to
transform their bodies hormonally and surgically to match their inner sense of
|Transvestite –||Someone who dresses in clothing generally identified with the
opposite gender/sex. While the terms ‘homosexual’ and ‘transvestite’ have been
used synonymously, they are in fact signify two different groups. The majority of
transvestites are heterosexual males who derive pleasure from dressing in
“women’s clothing”. (The preferred term is ‘cross-dresser,’ but the term
‘transvestite’ is still used in a positive sense in England.)
|Transwoman –||An identity label sometimes adopted by male-to-female
transsexuals to signify that they are women while still affirming their history as
|Two-Spirited –||Native persons who have attributes of both genders, have
distinct gender and social roles in their tribes, and are often involved with
mystical rituals (shamans). Their dress is usually mixture of male and female
articles and they are seen as a separate or third gender. The term ‘two-spirit’ is
usually considered to specific to the Zuni tribe. Similar identity labels vary by tribe
and include ‘one-spirit’ and ‘wintke’.
|Ze / Hir –||Alternate pronouns that are gender neutral and preferred by some
gender variant persons. Pronounced /zee/ and /here,/ they replace “he”/”she”
and “his”/”hers” respectively.
How to pronounce gender neutral pronouns:
Examples of how to use these pronouns:
She went to her bedroom.
He went to his bedroom.
Ze went to hir bedroom.
E went to eir bedroom.
I am her sister.
I am his sister.
I am hir sister
I am eir sister.
She shaves herself.
He shaves himself.
Ze shaves hirself.
E shaves emself.
This terminology sheet was created by Eli R. Green (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Eric
N. Peterson at the LGBT Resource Center at UC Riverside 2003-2004 , with additional
input from www.wikipedia.org and many kind people who helped use create and revise
these definitions. This sheet is always a work in progress so please be sure to check the
Instructional Materials section of Trans-Academics.org for updated versions. Please feel
free to alter, use or pass on as needed but be sure to give credit to the original creators.
Any updates or corrections can be submitted to email@example.com. Thank you.