In the times of globalization in which we are living nowadays, we can say that the value of languages as a capital resource (Bourdieu, 1982) is being highlighted. But at the same time, linguistic ideologies and representations about languages play an important role when it comes to acquiring and using second or foreign languages.The main objective of this paper is to try and explore the opinions and thoughts about languages that people in Tallinn hold precisely in those terms, in terms of their linguistic ideologies towards the Estonian and the Russian languages. We’d like to see how speakers grant value to them, to what extent do they think it is worth speaking them or not, what it means to them speaking these languages, if they have changed their perceptions in relation to them after some years have passed, etc.
The theoretical ground of this paper is based on two main concepts from the point of view of linguistic ideologies: Anonymity and Authenticity (Woolard, 2008). Very briefly put, the ideology of anonymity represents the ideological ground for the authority of the public, something which is impersonal, rootless but universal at the same time. Opposed to this, authenticity represents its counterpart: a language is valued through authenticity when its roots are clear and transparent, when the speaker can be identified with someone from somewhere specifically. Both of these ideologies will be explored throughout our mainly qualitative data and see if they prove to be a useful tool for us to theoretically analyze the studied context.
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