A traditional Polish saying goes: „The nobleman ploughs, what has he to do with the sea?“ Until now, this statement is often cited in order to explain the Polish indifference towards early modern Baltic affairs, which as the argument continues, contributed to the fall of the Polish republic of nobles. Against this background Polish state and society after First and also after the Second World War focused on the development of Poland’s newly acquired Baltic regions and tried to strengthen a Baltic identity, not least in stressing differences to German claims of cultural and political domination in the Baltic Sea region. Besides the focus on Poland’s coastal regions, there has also been an interest in developing transnational contacts to Northern Europe, which did not end with the failure of the Baltic League in 1922. Furthermore, the Baltic was also included in notions of a coherent region between the Baltic and the Black Sea (Intermarium). The paper will analyze scholarly and political notions of Baltic space in Polish discussions from c. 1900 until the 1950s.
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