Further Reading

  • Primary sources:
    Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques & Discoveries of the English Nation, 12 vols. (Glasgow, 1903-1905), vols. II, III.

  • Secondary sources:
    T.S Willan, The Early History of The Russia Company (Manchester, 1956)

    Earnest V. Vaughn, "English Trading Expeditions into Asia under the Authority of the Muscovy Company," in Studies in the History of English Commerce in the Tudor Period (New York, 1912), II.

    Samuel Baron, "Muscovy and the English Quest for a Northeastern Passage to Cathay," in his Explorations in Muscovite History (Variorum: 1991), VII.