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Associate Professor (Emeritus), School of Marine and Environmental Affairs; Associate Professor, School of Oceanography


  • B.S. in Oceanography, University of Washington, 1955
  • M.S. in Physical Oceanography, University of Washington, 1956
  • Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography, Texas A&M University, 1963

Research and Professional Experience


Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, Seattle 1969–1989.

This program is one of 30 Sea Grant Programs in the coastal and Great Lakes states under the federally funded National Sea Grant College Program. The purpose is to foster research, education, and advisory service activities related to the wise use, conservation, and development of marine resources.

In 1969, I joined this program as a part-time administrator in the Division of Marine Resources, which managed the Washington Sea Grant Program. In this role, I was responsible for overseeing all Sea Grant educational efforts conducted off campus and directed research programs devoted to descriptions of the marine environment of Puget Sound. I was also part of the management staff responsible for the overall administration of the Sea Grant Program and for helping develop an active communications Program:

Washington Sea Grant Program, Development and Operations, Division of Marine Resources, University of Washington, 1969-1972

Assistant Director for New Programs, Division of Marine Resources & Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, 1972-1989

Water Quality Specialist, Marine Advisory Service, Washington Sea Grant Program, 1986-1989

Director of Operations, School of Oceanography 1972-1977

As a research faculty member, I was asked to assume a halftime position supervising certain operations of the School (then Department) of Oceanography. My goal was to reverse a downward trend in quality and level of support for deepsea research vessel operations This entailed supervision of programs that supported a 208' and two 65' research vessels and research space allocations as the department underwent major changes in its research programs.


I have taught since 1960 when I assumed my first faculty position at the Bingham Oceanographic Laboratory, Yale University. In 1964, I joined the research faculty at the Department of Oceanography, University of Washington. I have remained on the research faculty since then. I was given a joint research faculty appointment by the Institute for Marine Studies in 1978, shortly after its formation, in response to my interst and approach to teaching oceanography to non science graduates. In 1980, I was appointed as a faculty member at large by the Dean of the College of Education.

Since 1964, my research faculty positions have been secured by grants and contracts as a non-tenure track position. Involvement with teaching required relinquishing research time and using academic funds as available to support research faculty in a teaching role. From 1969-1985, sufficient academic funds were available to allow the teaching of 18-20 quarter credit hours of courses in the undergraduate oceanography majors program for approximately 50 percent of my annual salary. Since 1985, departmental academic funds diminished, and I taught two graduate courses for 7 quarters credit hours annually. I also taught an evening course in oceanography each quarter of the year and Chaired committees of master degree students in the School of Marine Affairs.

In 1967, I created a distance learning course, a survey course in oceanography for 5 quarter credits by correspondence for the University of Washington Distance Learning Program. This course is still functioning and is one of only two oceanography correspondence courses available nationally. I have taught teachers in NSF Summer Institute Programs and interdepartmental courses in the School of Engineering at the University of Washington.

My interest in teaching led to writing three published college text books. The latest one is now in production (2001) in an extensively revised 7th edition and will be published by McGraw-Hill Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa.

I eventually held the position of Research Associate Professor in the non tenure track research faculty. My teaching efforts resulted in a quarterly award for teaching excellence in oceanography in 1980 and nomination as outstanding teacher in a campus-wide competition in 1987. I retired from the University in December 1992 and was granted emeritus status.


In 1958, I directed the field team in the study of the phgysical, chemical and biological properties of the eastern Mississippi River delta prior to construction of the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet channel dredged 70 miles through the eastern delta. In 1960-64, I was engaged in theoretical research on the Gulf Stream meandering and field research on the properties of New Haven Harbor and Long Island Sound. In 1964-1970, my work centered on the physical processes affecting the dissapation of the Columbia River effluent along the coasts of Washington and Oregon for the Atomic Energy Commission. From 1969 - present, my interest has been confined to the description of the physical processes at work in Northwest estuaries with the emphasis on the dynamic properties of Puget Sound and its net exchange rates that affect water quality.


My background and interests in Puget Sound as well as my past role with the Washington Sea Grant Program led me to serve in an advisory status to many organizations concerned with the Sound and Washington waters. I have served on innumerable technical and advisory committees for State agencies, commissions, counties, cities, federal agencies, METRO, and the Puget Sound Water Quality Authority, citizen groups and educational programs. These efforts have ranged from designing and evaluating water quality research programs, critiquing research, to legislative and congressional testimony. The realization of how much those in decision-making roles needed to learn about Puget Sound led to the design of the Puget Sound Book series in conjunction with Washington Sea Grant's communication program and the organization of symposia on Puget Sound matters.

Professional Memberships and Acitivites

  • Sigma Xi, full member, 1956 - present
  • American Geophysical Union, 1957 - present (past chairman of Pacific Northwest Section)
  • American Society of Limnology & Oceanography, 1956 - present
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1958 - present
  • National Marine Educators Association, 1980 - 1987
  • Northwest Association of Marine Educators, 1981 - 1987


  • Past President, Laurelhurst PSTA (Awarded golden acorn)
  • Boy Scouts of America (Cub Scout and Boy Scout leadership positions for 17 years)
  • Youth Soccer Association (Coach and USSF referee, 12 years)
  • U.S. Army Chemical Corps Special Services, 1956-58