patrickc's picture
Professor, School of Marine and Environmental Affairs and the Jackson School of International Studies

Major Interests

  • Social Feasibility of Ecosystem Based Management and Marine Protected Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Protected Area Impacts on Coral Reef Fisheries and Fishing Communities
  • Participatory Research
  • Qualitative Social Research Methods


Patrick has led various comparative, socio-ecological research projects in Puget Sound, Philippines, the Coral Triangle region, and Latin America to inform the practice of marine resource management. His research in Puget Sound has identified factors affecting resource management policy success and structures of scientific networks. He is particularly interested in the human dimensions of marine conservation employing marine protected areas, ecosystem-based management, and marine spatial planning which resulted in a Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation. He recently led a review of the US-support program for the Coral Triangle Initiative in six countries that involved interviewing thousands of fishers and policy makers.

Patrick provides technical advice on the human dimensions of marine conservation to the UN Food and Agricultural Organization, World Bank, USAID, and various governmental and non-governmental environmental organizations. In addition to his scholarship, he is actively engaged in marine protected area design and implementation in various locations. He draws from his three years of experience living in a Philippine fishing community implementing a community-based marine protected area as a Peace Corps Volunteer. He is an Editor-In-Chief for the peer reviewed journal Coastal Management and former national board member for The Coastal Society. He has a Bachelors degree in zoology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a Masters degree in conservation biology and Doctorate in environmental sociology and policy from the University of Michigan.


  • B.S., Zoology, 1987 University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • M.S., Conservation Biology, 1993, University of Michigan
  • Ph.D., Natural Resources and Environment, 1999, University of Michigan
    Dissertation title: In a Country Without Forest, No Life Is Good: Participatory Action Research in the Neo-Liberal Context of Nicaragua (Volume I) PDF

Selected Publications

Where PDF files are available, links to them are provided at the end of the citation.

  • Christie, P., Pollnac R., Stephenson, T., Pietrie, D. 2014. Learning Project Final Report: Lessons Learned from the US Coral Triangle Initiative Support Program. PDF.
  • Christie, P. 2011. Creating space for interdisciplinary marine and coastal research: Five dilemmas and suggested resolutions. Environmental Conservation 38 (2): 172–186. PDF
  • Christie, P., R.B. Pollnac, E.G. Oracion, A. Sabonsolin,  R. Diaz, D. Pietri. 2009. Back to basics: An empirical study demonstrating the importance of local-level dynamics for the success of tropical marine ecosystem-based management. Coastal Management 37: 349-373. PDF
  • Christie, P., R.B. Pollnac, D.L. Fluharty, M.A. Hixon, G.K. Lowry, R. Mahon, D. Pietri, B.N. Tissot, A.T. White, N. Armada, R.L. Eisma-Osorio. 2009. Tropical marine EBM feasibility: A synthesis of case studies and comparative analyses. Coastal Management 37:374-385. PDF
  • Christie, P. and A.T. White. 2007. Best practices for improved governance of coral reef Marine Protected Areas. Coral Reefs 26:1047-1056. PDF
  • Christie, P., D.L. Fluharty, A.T. White, R.L. Eisma-Osorio, W. Jatulan 2007. Assessing the feasibility of ecosystem-based fisheries management in tropical contexts. Marine Policy 31:239-250. PDF
  • World Bank 2006. Scaling Up Marine Management: the Role of Marine Protected Areas.  World Bank report # 36635-GLB. Washington, D.C. 100 pp. (Christie as contributing author).
  • Christie, P. and A.T. White. 2006. Best Practices in Governance and Enforcement of Marine Protected Areas: An Overview. Report for the FAO. 45 pp.
  • Christie, P. (guest editor). 2005. Integrated coastal management process sustainability. Ocean and Coastal Management. 48. Theme issue.
  • Christie, P. 2005. Is integrated coastal management sustainable? Ocean and Coastal Management 48:208-232. PDF
  • Christie, P. 2005. Observed and perceived environmental impacts of integrated coastal management in two Southeast Asia sites. Ocean and Coastal Management. 48:252-270. PDF
  • Christie, P., K. Lowry, AT White, E.G Oracion, L. Sievanen, R.S. Pomeroy, R.B. Pollnac, J. Patlis, L. Eisma. 2005. Key findings from a multidisciplinary examination of integrated coastal management process sustainability. Ocean and Coastal Management 48:468-483. PDF
  • White, A.T., P. Christie, H. D’Agnes, K. Lowry, N. Milne. 2005. Designing ICM projects for sustainability: Lessons from the Philippines and Indonesia. Ocean & Coastal Management 48:271–296. PDF
  • Christie, P., D. Buhat, L.R. Garces, and A.T. White. 2003. The challenges and rewards of community-based coastal resources management: San Salvador Island, Philippines. In Contested Nature—Promoting International Biodiversity Conservation with Social Justice in the Twenty-first Century. Brechin, SR, PR Wilshusen, CL Fortwangler, and PC West (Eds.), pp. 231-249. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. PDF
  • Christie, P., B.J. McCay, M.L. Miller, C. Lowe, A.T. White, R. Stoffle, D.L. Fluharty, L. Talaue-McManus, R. Chuenpagdee, C. Pomeroy, D.O. Suman, B.G. Blount, D. Huppert, R.L. Villahermosa Eisma, E. Oracion, K. Lowry, R.B. Pollnac. 2003.  Toward developing a complete understanding: A social science research agenda for marine protected areas. Fisheries 28(12):22-26. PDF
  • Christie, P., A.T. White and E. Deguit. 2002.  Starting point or solution? Community-based marine protected areas in the Philippines.  Journal of Environmental Management 66:441-454. PDF
  • Christie, P. 2004. MPAs as biological successes and social failures in Southeast Asia. In Aquatic Protected Areas as Fisheries Management Tools: Design, Use, and Evaluation of These Fully Protected Areas. J. B. Shipley (editor), pp 155-164. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society. PDF
  • Olsen, S., and P. Christie. 2000. What are we learning from tropical coastal management experiences? Coastal Management 28:5-18. PDF