- B.A., Biology, University of California, Berkeley, 1979
- M.Sc., Botany, University of British Columbia, 1984
- Ph. D., Biological Oceanography, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1989
Trained as a marine ecologist, I use empirical data to test the application of ecological theory to marine environmental policy and management. I am particularly interested in the effects of multiple environmental stressors (habitat loss, biological removals and invasions, global change) on marine ecosystem function, and in the development of management strategies to reduce the impact of stressors on marine communities. The biological and ecological impacts of ocean acidification are a growing area of my research.
Current and recent research themes include:
- Ecosystem Approaches to Management: I study the application of ecosystem approaches to management in Puget Sound and on the outer coast of Washington State. Past work has focused on evaluation of the effectiveness of spatially-explicit management strategies in the San Juan Archipelago and on the status of water resources in four western National Parks. Recent contributions include a summary of the status of the biophysical condition of Puget Sound for use in regional planning and management.
- Global Change: My research increasingly involves the study of ocean acidification and its effects on biological and ecological processes. Past studies have included investigations of invasive seaweeds and invertebrates in the San Juan Archipelago and biological response to variation in intertidal temperature throughout Puget Sound.
- Ecosystem Response and Restoration: I study recovery from pulse disturbances on rocky intertidal shores in Washington and Alaska, and the potential for restoration of benthic species in Puget Sound. In particular, long-term monitoring of intertidal systems in Kachemak Bay, Alaska, has provided insights into drivers of change in this sub-arctic system.
Current and Recent Professional Activities and Awards
- Governor’s Appointee, Northwest Straits Commission
- Chair, Phycological Society of America Conservation and Policy Committee
- Science Advisory Panel, COMPASS
- Chair, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary Advisory Council
- Western Society of Naturalists Naturalist of the Year
- UW Outstanding Public Service Award
Hofmann G, Barry JP, Edmunds PJ, Gates RD, Hutchins DA, Klinger T, Sewell MA. 2010 Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Polar, Temperate and Tropical Calcifying Organisms. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 41
Klinger T, Ebbesmeyer C 2002 Using Oceanographic Linkages to Guide Marine Protected Area Network Design. In T. Droscher (ed.), Proceedings of the 2001 Puget Sound Research Conference. Puget Sound Action Team, Olympia, WA
Klinger T 2002 Variability and uncertainty in crop to wild hybridization. In: Genetically Engineered Organisms: Assessing Environmental and Human Health Effects. D.K. Letourneau and B.E. Burrows, Eds. CRC Press, Boca Raton
Klinger T 2000 Marine Conservation Biology. In: Mc-Graw Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 9th Edition
Klinger T, Ellstrand NC 1999 Transgene movement via gene flow: recommendations for improved biosafety assessment. In: Ecological Risks and Prospects of Transgenic Plants. K Ammann, V Simonsen, and G Kjellson (eds). Birkhauser, Basel, Switzerland, 320 pp
Wheelis M, Spielman A, Regal P, Letourneau D, Klinger T, Kapuscinski A, Istock C, Ingham E, Ellstrand NC, Bhargava P, Akabas S 1998 A manual for assessing ecological and human health effects of genetically engineered organisms. The Edmonds Institute, Edmonds, WA
DeWreede RE, Klinger T 1988 Reproductive strategies in algae. In: Plant Reproductive Ecology. Lovett-Doust and Lovett-Doust, eds. Oxford University Press pp. 267-284
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