Affiliate Professor (retired), School of Marine and Environmental Affairs


B.S., Brooklyn College, 1952
M.S., 1957, and Ph.D., 1960, University of Washington


  • Marine science policy development
  • Research administration
  • Midwater sampling
  • Ecology of the North Pacific
  • Ecosystem changes caused by human activities
  • Management of living marine resources
  • National and international science bureaucracies
  • The role of the legislative and executive branches of government in marine science activities

Additional Background

  • Director, Office of Marine Mammals and Endangered Species, National Marine Fisheries Service, 1978-80
  • Director, Office of Ecology and Environmental Conservation, NOAA, 1971-78
  • Director, 1969-71, and Deputy Head, 1967-69, Oceanography and Limnology Prog., Smithsonian Inst.
  • Head, Biological Oceanography Group, General Motors Defense Research Lab., 1961-67
  • Research Assistant Professor, Department of Oceanography, UW, 1956-61