Tele-Collaboration in Speech and Hearing Sciences: Social Communication

Standardized Tests
- Vineland
- CELF-3
- TOLD-I:3

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  decorative cubeTest of Problem Solving - Elementary, Revised (TOPS-E, Revised)

Linda Bowers, Rosemary Huisingh, Mark Barrett, Jane Orman, Carolyn LoGiudice (Authors)
LinguiSystems (Publisher)
3100 4th Avenue
East Moline, IL 61244-9700
(800) PRO-IDEA

Order online:



(as of 06/2001)

$99.95: includes examiner's manual, photo stimuli book, package of 20 forms.

Description Test is not divided into subtests due to holistic nature of critical thinking and problem solving. Test is a series of photographs that cover issues such as health, disaster, learning, environment, friendship, fear, community, and family problems.
Item #: 746-X
Content: What it Tests A diagnostic test of problem solving and critical thinking. Assesses the student's language-based thinking abilities and strategies using logic and experience. Based on models of thinking, including Bloom's taxonomy and the work of Richard Paul, Howard Gardner, and Art Costa resulting in a standardized test of how students use language to think and problem solve by asking students questions about a series of photographs. Responses show performance in: problem solving, determining solutions, drawing inferences, empathizing, predicting outcomes, using context cues, and vocabulary comprehension.
Time 35 minutes
Age 6-11
Scores Provided Standard scores, percentile norms, age equivalents.

Strong Reliability Scores:

Test-retest reliability coefficients for total test scores average .85 and range from .66-.95 across age levels

Average item homogeneity reliability coefficients average .88 and range from .84-.91
(split half means)


Strong Validity Scores:

Average point-biserial correlations between item scores and total test scores by age are significant (.05 level) for the total test in over 82% of the items

Contrasted group: differences between subjects with normal language development and subjects with identified language disorders are significant (.01 level) at every age level.


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University of Washington, Dept. of Speech & Hearing Sciences, Tele-Collaboration Project. © 1999-2001, UW-SPHSC, including all photographs and images unless otherwise noted. Comments: