Direct detection of carcinoembryonic antigen autoantibodies in clinical human serum samples using a surface plasmon resonance sensor

Original Articles
Colloids Surf B Biontefraces 70: 1-6, 2009
Ladd J, Lu H, Taylor AD, Goodell V, Disis ML, Jiang S
Description / Abstract: 

The ability to detect biomarkers in human serum is important for cancer diagnostics. The work presented focuses on the establishment of a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor as a means for detecting varying levels of autoantibody biomarkers in human serum samples. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a biomarker that is present in human serum. It is thought that CEA levels become elevated in patients with colon and ovarian cancer, causing a corresponding increase in the autoantibody level in human serum. Detection of this CEA autoantibody increase could be used to diagnose cancer in patients. Using a SPR biosensor, human serum samples were screened directly for CEA antibody levels. Results using a sandwich assay with a SPR sensor demonstrated the same linear trend as seen from an established enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Serum samples from five healthy individuals were used to establish a threshold value for differentiating a cancerous serum sample from a negative sample with a 95% confidence. Three serum samples from cancer patients with positive CEA antibody levels as evaluated by ELISA were used to test the criterion.

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