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Vaginal Prolapse

Overview

Vaginal prolapse is the term used to describe a weakness in one or more sides of the vaginal wall, allowing one or more pelvic organs to fall into the vagina. Vaginal prolapse is a broad term used to describe the following:Figure 1 - illustration of cystocele or weakness in the front wall of the vagina allowing the bladder to fall in the vagina

  1. cystocele (fig 1) or weakness in the front wall of the vagina allowing the bladder to fall into the vagina,
  2. Figure 2 - illustration of rectocele, a weakness in the back wall of the bagina allowing the rectum to fall into the vaginarectocele (fig 2) is a weakness in the back wall of the vagina allowing the rectum to fall into the vagina,


  3. Figure 3 - illustration of enterocele, a weakness in the top or roof of the vagina allowing small bowel to fall into the vaginaenterocele (fig 3) is a weakness in the top or roof of the vagina allowing small bowel to fall into the vagina,


  4. and vault prolapse is when the top of the vagina, which is usually deep in the pelvis, descends into the bottom of the vagina or completely outside of the opening of the vagina.

Women often have more than one type of prolapse. The prolapse is staged according to how severe it is, meaning how much the prolapse has descended into the vagina and sometimes outside of the vagina.



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