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Testicular Cancer

Overview

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 35, but the disease also occurs in other age groups, so all men should be aware of its symptoms. The testicles are a part of the male reproductive system and are contained within a sac of skin called the scrotum, which hangs beneath the base of the penis. Each testicle is somewhat smaller than the size of a golf ball in adult males. The testicles produce and store sperm, and they also serve as the body's main source of male hormones. These hormones control the development of the reproductive organs and other male characteristics, such as body and facial hair and low voice. In the year 2005, an estimated 8500 cases of testicular cancer were diagnosed in the United States, and about 350 of them died of their testicular cancer. Caucasians are more likely to be diagnosed with testicular cancer than Hispanics, Blacks, or Asians. Of concern, the incidence of testicular cancer around the world has been steadily increasing, basically doubling in the past 30-40 years.



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