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Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Overview

 

Pelvic prolapse or Vaginal prolapse is the term used to describe a weakness in one or more sides of the vaginal wall, allowing one or more pelvic organs to fall into the vagina. Vaginal prolapse is a broad term used to describe the following: 

  • cystocele or weakness in the front wall of the vagina allowing the bladder to fall into the vagina, 
  • rectocele is a weakness in the back wall of the vagina allowing the rectum to fall into the vagina, 
  • enterocele is a weakness in the top or roof of the vagina allowing small bowel to fall into the vagina, 
  • Uterine prolapse is when the uterus and cervix descend from its normal position deep in the pelvis at the top of the vagina, towards the vaginal opening and sometimes  through and outside the vaginal opening. Vaginal vault (or vaginal cuff) prolapse is when the top of the vagina, (after hysterectomy) which is usually deep in the pelvis, descends into the bottom of the vagina or completely outside of the opening of the vagina. 

Women often have more than one type of prolapse. The prolapse is staged according to how severe it is, meaning how much the prolapse has descended into the vagina and sometimes outside of the vaginal opening.


 



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