1) Abies alba ‘Hybrid’ (Silver Fir)
- Silver Fir is the species first used as a Christmas tree.
- A resinous essential oil can be extracted. The pine-scented oil has soothing qualities and is used in perfumes and bath products.
- This magnificent specimen can be found on Arboretum Drive.
2) Cornus sericea ‘Cardinal’ (Red Osier Dogwood)
- Bright red twigs provide winter interest in the garden and a beautiful accent to holiday decorations.
- There are many benefits to Red Osier Dogwood, including overall hardiness and wildlife habitat.
- Native to the Pacific Northwest, this cultivar can be found in the Pacific Connections Entry Garden.
3) Ilex opaca ‘Emily’ (Emily American Holly)
- Holly is a popular winter, Christmas and holiday season decoration.
- In English poetry, holly is inseparably connected with merry-making.
- American Holly is the perfect substitute for English Holly because it is not invasive.
- Several cultivars of Ilex opaca can be found in the island beds of the Pacific Connections Garden.
4) Picea brachytyla (Sargent Spruce)
- Many species of spruce are used as Christmas trees.
- Spruce are important economically for timber, resin and Christmas tree production.
- The Sargent Spruce is native to China and is threatened by habitat loss.
5) Thuja plicata (Western Red Cedar)
- The flattened sprays of dark green foliage droop gracefully and are prefect for holiday wreaths and swags.
- Strongly aromatic, the scent of crushed Western Red Cedar is reminiscent of pineapple.
- A strong player in our native matrix, beautiful Thuja plicata can be found throughout the entire Arboretum.