Difference: 566Terms (1 vs. 10)

Revision 102010-02-03 - davewalk

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Technical Terms from Ling 566

10/2/07

  • Ontology --- A model of the entities in a certain domain which makes explicit the types of entities and the relationships between them. This term came up in the context of a question about whether our grammar can connect to ontological semantics. The answer is that, while we don't do so directly in this course, the predicate names in the semantics good in principle be linked to an ontology.
Changed:
<
<
  • Generative Grammar --- In the original sense, a generative grammar was one that explicitly accounted for a a language as a set of strings, but licensing strings in the vocabulary of the language which are acceptable and failing to license strings from the same vocabulary that are not. Sometimes it is used in a narrower sense to denote mainstream Chomskyan grammar. There is also a use of "generative" in machine learning which distinguishes "generative models" from "discriminative models". The former produce structures or analyses while assigning probabilities to them, while the latter only select among structures or analyses provided by some other means.
>
>
  • Generative Grammar --- In the original sense, a generative grammar was one that explicitly accounted for a a language as a set of strings, by licensing strings in the vocabulary of the language which are acceptable and failing to license strings from the same vocabulary that are not. Sometimes it is used in a narrower sense to denote mainstream Chomskyan grammar. There is also a use of "generative" in machine learning which distinguishes "generative models" from "discriminative models". The former produce structures or analyses while assigning probabilities to them, while the latter only select among structures or analyses provided by some other means.
 
  • Metonymy --- Referring to an entity by using an expression denoting a related entity. The example in question was The roof admired the woman which is pragmatically fine in a context where the roof can be understood to refer, for example, to a group of people standing on the roof. See Wikipedia on metonymy.

10/4/07

Revision 92008-10-09 - ciarand

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Technical Terms from Ling 566

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10/4/07

Changed:
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  • Feature Structures --- Bundles of information expressed as pairs of features and values. Values can be atomic (symbols like '+' or 'thick' or types like adj) or feature structures themselves.
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  • Feature Structures --- Bundles of information expressed as pairs of features and values. Values can be atomic (symbols like '+' or 'thick' or types like adj) or feature structures themselves.
 
  • HPSG --- Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. A framework or general theory of formal syntax. The formalism and general theory developed in the course textbook are derived from HPSG, but we can't say they are HPSG, because a) there isn't one completely shared version of HPSG across the research community and b) the framework in the textbook is simplified for pedagogical purposes.
  • Saturation --- This is part of the idea that lexical heads enter the syntax with a set of requirements of what else should appear. Moving up the tree, as they find these other phrases, those requirements are 'canceled off' or 'saturated'. Inspired by the same metaphor from chemistry as 'valence'.
  • Head/Headedness --- The idea that constituents have many of their properties determined by some distinguished word inside of them (the "head").
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  • Antecedent ---
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-- Main.ciarand - 30 Sep 2008
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10/09/08

  • Explitive Pronouns ---
 
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-- Main.ciarand - 30 Sep 2008
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Revision 82008-09-30 - ciarand

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META TOPICPARENT name="WebHome"

Technical Terms from Ling 566

Changed:
<
<

10/2

>
>

10/2/07

 
  • Ontology --- A model of the entities in a certain domain which makes explicit the types of entities and the relationships between them. This term came up in the context of a question about whether our grammar can connect to ontological semantics. The answer is that, while we don't do so directly in this course, the predicate names in the semantics good in principle be linked to an ontology.
  • Generative Grammar --- In the original sense, a generative grammar was one that explicitly accounted for a a language as a set of strings, but licensing strings in the vocabulary of the language which are acceptable and failing to license strings from the same vocabulary that are not. Sometimes it is used in a narrower sense to denote mainstream Chomskyan grammar. There is also a use of "generative" in machine learning which distinguishes "generative models" from "discriminative models". The former produce structures or analyses while assigning probabilities to them, while the latter only select among structures or analyses provided by some other means.
  • Metonymy --- Referring to an entity by using an expression denoting a related entity. The example in question was The roof admired the woman which is pragmatically fine in a context where the roof can be understood to refer, for example, to a group of people standing on the roof. See Wikipedia on metonymy.
Changed:
<
<

10/4

>
>

10/4/07

 
  • Feature Structures --- Bundles of information expressed as pairs of features and values. Values can be atomic (symbols like '+' or 'thick' or types like adj) or feature structures themselves.
  • HPSG --- Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. A framework or general theory of formal syntax. The formalism and general theory developed in the course textbook are derived from HPSG, but we can't say they are HPSG, because a) there isn't one completely shared version of HPSG across the research community and b) the framework in the textbook is simplified for pedagogical purposes.
  • Saturation --- This is part of the idea that lexical heads enter the syntax with a set of requirements of what else should appear. Moving up the tree, as they find these other phrases, those requirements are 'canceled off' or 'saturated'. Inspired by the same metaphor from chemistry as 'valence'.
  • Head/Headedness --- The idea that constituents have many of their properties determined by some distinguished word inside of them (the "head").
Changed:
<
<

10/9

>
>

10/9/07

 
  • Specifier --- A notion which groups together determiners of noun phrases and subjects of sentences.
  • HFG ---
  • Overgenerate ---
  • "The SHAC" ---
Changed:
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<

10/11

>
>

10/11/07

 
  • SIP ---
  • SCP ---

-- WilliamLe - 13 Oct 2007

Changed:
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<

10/16

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10/16/07

 
  • AVM --- Attribute Value Matrix

-- TrishaDH - 18 Oct 2007

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9/27/08

  • Antecedent ---

-- Main.ciarand - 30 Sep 2008

Revision 72007-10-18 - TrishaDH

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Technical Terms from Ling 566

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  -- WilliamLe - 13 Oct 2007
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10/16

  • AVM --- Attribute Value Matrix

-- TrishaDH - 18 Oct 2007

Revision 62007-10-13 - WilliamLe

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Technical Terms from Ling 566

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  • Overgenerate ---
  • "The SHAC" ---
Added:
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>

10/11

 
Added:
>
>
  • SIP ---
  • SCP - --
 
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-- WilliamLe - 11 Oct 2007
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-- WilliamLe - 13 Oct 2007
 

Revision 52007-10-11 - WilliamLe

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Technical Terms from Ling 566

Line: 18 to 18
 

10/9

  • Specifier --- A notion which groups together determiners of noun phrases and subjects of sentences.
Added:
>
>
  • HFG ---
  • Overgenerate ---
  • "The SHAC" ---
 
Changed:
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<
-- WilliamLe - 04 Oct 2007
>
>

-- WilliamLe - 11 Oct 2007

 

Revision 42007-10-10 - EmilyBender

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Technical Terms from Ling 566

Line: 15 to 15
 
  • Saturation --- This is part of the idea that lexical heads enter the syntax with a set of requirements of what else should appear. Moving up the tree, as they find these other phrases, those requirements are 'canceled off' or 'saturated'. Inspired by the same metaphor from chemistry as 'valence'.
  • Head/Headedness --- The idea that constituents have many of their properties determined by some distinguished word inside of them (the "head").
Added:
>
>

10/9

  • Specifier --- A notion which groups together determiners of noun phrases and subjects of sentences.
 -- WilliamLe - 04 Oct 2007

Revision 32007-10-06 - EmilyBender

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META TOPICPARENT name="WebHome"

Technical Terms from Ling 566

Line: 7 to 7
 
  • Ontology --- A model of the entities in a certain domain which makes explicit the types of entities and the relationships between them. This term came up in the context of a question about whether our grammar can connect to ontological semantics. The answer is that, while we don't do so directly in this course, the predicate names in the semantics good in principle be linked to an ontology.
  • Generative Grammar --- In the original sense, a generative grammar was one that explicitly accounted for a a language as a set of strings, but licensing strings in the vocabulary of the language which are acceptable and failing to license strings from the same vocabulary that are not. Sometimes it is used in a narrower sense to denote mainstream Chomskyan grammar. There is also a use of "generative" in machine learning which distinguishes "generative models" from "discriminative models". The former produce structures or analyses while assigning probabilities to them, while the latter only select among structures or analyses provided by some other means.
  • Metonymy --- Referring to an entity by using an expression denoting a related entity. The example in question was The roof admired the woman which is pragmatically fine in a context where the roof can be understood to refer, for example, to a group of people standing on the roof. See Wikipedia on metonymy.
Changed:
<
<
  • Feature Structures
  • HPSG
  • Saturation
  • Head/Headedness
>
>

10/4

  • Feature Structures --- Bundles of information expressed as pairs of features and values. Values can be atomic (symbols like '+' or 'thick' or types like adj) or feature structures themselves.
  • HPSG --- Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar. A framework or general theory of formal syntax. The formalism and general theory developed in the course textbook are derived from HPSG, but we can't say they are HPSG, because a) there isn't one completely shared version of HPSG across the research community and b) the framework in the textbook is simplified for pedagogical purposes.
  • Saturation --- This is part of the idea that lexical heads enter the syntax with a set of requirements of what else should appear. Moving up the tree, as they find these other phrases, those requirements are 'canceled off' or 'saturated'. Inspired by the same metaphor from chemistry as 'valence'.
  • Head/Headedness --- The idea that constituents have many of their properties determined by some distinguished word inside of them (the "head").
  -- WilliamLe - 04 Oct 2007

Revision 22007-10-05 - WilliamLe

Line: 1 to 1
 
META TOPICPARENT name="WebHome"

Technical Terms from Ling 566

Line: 7 to 7
 
  • Ontology --- A model of the entities in a certain domain which makes explicit the types of entities and the relationships between them. This term came up in the context of a question about whether our grammar can connect to ontological semantics. The answer is that, while we don't do so directly in this course, the predicate names in the semantics good in principle be linked to an ontology.
  • Generative Grammar --- In the original sense, a generative grammar was one that explicitly accounted for a a language as a set of strings, but licensing strings in the vocabulary of the language which are acceptable and failing to license strings from the same vocabulary that are not. Sometimes it is used in a narrower sense to denote mainstream Chomskyan grammar. There is also a use of "generative" in machine learning which distinguishes "generative models" from "discriminative models". The former produce structures or analyses while assigning probabilities to them, while the latter only select among structures or analyses provided by some other means.
  • Metonymy --- Referring to an entity by using an expression denoting a related entity. The example in question was The roof admired the woman which is pragmatically fine in a context where the roof can be understood to refer, for example, to a group of people standing on the roof. See Wikipedia on metonymy.
Added:
>
>
  • Feature Structures
  • HPSG
  • Saturation
  • Head/Headedness
 
Changed:
<
<
-- EmilyBender - 03 Oct 2007
>
>
-- WilliamLe - 04 Oct 2007
 

Revision 12007-10-03 - EmilyBender

Line: 1 to 1
Added:
>
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META TOPICPARENT name="WebHome"

Technical Terms from Ling 566

10/2

  • Ontology --- A model of the entities in a certain domain which makes explicit the types of entities and the relationships between them. This term came up in the context of a question about whether our grammar can connect to ontological semantics. The answer is that, while we don't do so directly in this course, the predicate names in the semantics good in principle be linked to an ontology.
  • Generative Grammar --- In the original sense, a generative grammar was one that explicitly accounted for a a language as a set of strings, but licensing strings in the vocabulary of the language which are acceptable and failing to license strings from the same vocabulary that are not. Sometimes it is used in a narrower sense to denote mainstream Chomskyan grammar. There is also a use of "generative" in machine learning which distinguishes "generative models" from "discriminative models". The former produce structures or analyses while assigning probabilities to them, while the latter only select among structures or analyses provided by some other means.
  • Metonymy --- Referring to an entity by using an expression denoting a related entity. The example in question was The roof admired the woman which is pragmatically fine in a context where the roof can be understood to refer, for example, to a group of people standing on the roof. See Wikipedia on metonymy.

-- EmilyBender - 03 Oct 2007

 
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