What Asian Women Need to Know
Osteoporosis is a disease caused by loss of
bone which leads to less bone strength, poor bone quality, and increased
risk of broken bones. The common areas in the body affected are the hip,
spine, and wrists.
- Asian and Caucasian women have osteoporosis more often than Black
women, due to the difference in the thickness of their bones.
- The average calcium intake among Asian women has been observed to
be about half that of Western population groups.
- Asian women historically have had lower hip fracture rates than Caucasians,
yet Asians have fractures of the spine or vertebrae more often than
- Slender women have less bone mass than heavy or obese women.
Risk Factors for Women Young and Old:
- Menopause before age 40
- Surgery to remove ovaries before normal menopause
- Not enough calcium or vitamin D in your diet
- Osteoporosis in your family
- Alcohol abuse
- Being thin
- Being Caucasian or Asian
- Use of corticosteroids
Safety Tips to Keep Bones Strong and to Avoid Falls:
- Get enough calcium and vitamin D.
- Exercise 3-4 times a week for about 30-40 minutes. Do weight-bearing
exercise such as walking, jogging or dancing.
- Don't use throw rugs in your home. This decreases your risk of tripping.
- Wear flat, rubber-soled shoes.
- Use a cane or walker if you need to.
- Put hand grips and safety mats in your tub or shower.
- Be sure stairways are well lit.
- Bend your knees to pick up things from the floor. This allows you
to keep your back more straight.
- Quit smoking. Smoking makes osteoporosis
Safety tips from the American Academy of Family Physicians. http://www.aafp.com/
- Osteoporosis and Asian American Women from the NIH Osteoporosis and
Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center Web site.
School of Nursing
University of Washington Medical Center