Center for Workforce Studies Regional Information Center Rural Urban Commuting Areas

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WWAMI Rural Health Research Center study findings that have been published or presented can be accessed by clicking the links below.

To request additional information contact us:

Phone: 206-685-0402

Email: rhrc -at- fammed dot washington dot edu

Journal Articlesby Date: by Author:

Doescher MP, Lee C, Berke EM, Adachi-Mejia AM, Lee CK, Stewart O, Patterson DG, Hurvitz PM, Carlos HA, Duncan GE, Moudon AV. The built environment and utilitarian walking in small U.S. towns. Prev Med. Sep 6 2014;69C:80-86. [Epub ahead of print]

Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA, Skillman SM, Morgan P, Kaplan L. The contribution of physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners toward rural primary care: findings from a 13-state survey. Med Care. Jun 2014;52(6):549-556. Access from Medical Care.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Fenton SH, Ostergard SJ. Health information technology workforce needs of rural primary care practices. J Rural Health, in press.

Allen SM, Ballweg RA, Cosgrove EM, Engle KA, Robinson LR, Rosenblatt RA, Skillman SM, Wenrich MD. Challenges and opportunities in building a sustainable rural primary care workforce in alignment with the Affordable Care Act: the WWAMI Program as a case study. Acad Med. Dec 2013;88(12):1862-1869. Available from Academic Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Treatment of early-stage prostate cancer among rural and urban patients. Cancer. Aug 15 2013;119(16):3067-3075. Access from Cancer.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Rosenblatt RA, Doescher MP. Receipt of recommended radiation therapy among rural and urban cancer patients. Cancer. Oct 2012;118(20):5100-5109. Announcement. Access from Cancer.

Kaplan L, Skillman SM, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding APRN distribution in the United States using NPI data. J Nurse Pract. Sep 2012;8(8):626-635. Access from Journal for Nurse Practitioners.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Chen FM, Hart LG. Osteopathic physicians and international medical graduates in the rural primary care physician workforce. Fam Med. Jun 2012;44(6):396-403. Access from Family Medicine.

Institute of Medicine. Community colleges and the education of allied health professionals in rural areas (summary of presentation by SM Skillman). In: Institute of Medicine. Allied health workforce and services: workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2011:42-44.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Mouradian WE, Brunson DK. The challenge to delivering oral health services in rural America. J Public Health Dent. Jun 2010;70(S1):S49-S57. Access from Journal of Public Health Dentistry.

Chen F, Fordyce M, Andes S, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? A 15-year update. Acad Med. Apr 2010;85(4):594-598. Access from Academic Medicine.

Chan L, Giardino N, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare study. J Rural Health. Mar 2010;26(2):139-145. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CH, Huff ED, Hart LG. Quality of care for myocardial infarction in rural and urban hospitals. J Rural Health. Winter 2010;26(1):51-57. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. J Public Health Manag Pract. May-Jun 2009;15(3):200-209. Access from Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. Trends in perinatal and infant health disparities between rural American Indians and Alaska Natives and rural whites. Am J Public Health. Apr 2009;99(4):638-646. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Baldwin LM, Cai Y, Larson EH, Dobie SA, Wright GE, Goodman DC, Matthews M, Hart LG. Access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. J Rural Health. Fall 2008;24(4):390-399. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, Hart LG, Larson EH, Moore K, Lewis E, Andrilla CHA, Grossman DC. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians in two states. J Rural Health. Summer 2008;24(3):269-278. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Lynge DC, Larson EH, Thompson MJ, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. A longitudinal analysis of the general surgery workforce in the United States, 1981-2005. Arch Surg. Apr 2008;143(4):345-350. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Will rural family medicine residency training survive? Fam Med. Nov-Dec 2006;38(10):705-711. Access from Family Medicine.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Problem drinking: rural and urban trends in America, 1995/1997 to 2003. Prev Med. Aug 2006;43(2):122-124. Access from Preventive Medicine.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):140-146. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Jerant A, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):112-118. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Rosenblatt RA, Andrilla CHA, Curtin T, Hart LG. Shortages of medical personnel at community health centers: implications for planned expansion. JAMA. Mar 1 2006;295(9):1042-1049. Access from JAMA.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians are significant providers of safety net care. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 2005;18(6):470-477. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Hart LG, Larson EH, Lishner DM. Rural definitions for health policy and research. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(7):1149-1155. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. A national study of obesity prevalence and trends by type of rural county. J Rural Health. 2005;21(2):140-148. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Saver BG, Hart LG. Trends in professional advice to lose weight among obese adults, 1994-2000. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(9):814-818. Access from Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Arch Surg. Jan 2005;140(1):74-79. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):99-108. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):109-117. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. J Rural Health. Fall 2003;19(4):461-469. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Schneeweiss R, Rosenblatt RA, Dovey S, et al. The effects of the 1997 Balanced Budget Act on family practice residency training programs. Fam Med. Feb 2003;35(2):93-99. Access from Family Medicine.

Grumbach K, Hart LG, Mertz E, Coffman J, Palazzo L. Who is caring for the underserved? A comparison of primary care physicians and nonphysician clinicians. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1(2):97-104. Access from Annals of Family Medicine.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Health Serv Res. 2003;38(4):1003-1050. Access from Health Services Research.

Chen FM, Phillips RL Jr, Schneeweiss R, et al. Accounting for graduate medical education funding in family practice training. Fam Med. Oct 2002;34(9):663-668. Access from Family Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CH, Chen FM. Family medicine training in rural areas. JAMA. Sep 4 2002;288(9):1063-1064. Access from JAMA.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Casey S, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Am J Public Health. Sep 2002;92(9):1491-1497. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan SJ, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of physicians to the rural Northwest. J Am Board Fam Pract. Sep-Oct 2002;15(5):391-400. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. Improving the quality of outpatient care for older patients with diabetes: lessons from a comparison of rural and urban communities. J Fam Pract. Aug 2001;50(8):676-680. Access from Journal of Family Practice.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, et al. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the tracking project reports first-year findings. J Rural Health. Spring 2001;17(2):82-86. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Coombs JB. Quality of care in rural settings: bringing the "new quality" to rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Geyman JP. Graduate education for rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Hart LG, Taylor P. The emergence of federal rural health policy in the United States. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Ballweg RA. National estimates of physician assistant productivity. J Allied Health. 2001;30(3):146-152. Access from Journal of Allied Health.

Larson EH, Hart LG. The rural physician. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001:27-40.

Norris TE. Telemedicine and telehealth service. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Rosenblatt RA. The health of rural people and the communities and environments in which they work. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Williams R, House P. Community oriented primary care and rural services development. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Wright GE. The economics of rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Educating generalist physicians for rural practice: how are we doing? J Rural Health. Winter 2000;16(1):56-80. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. US medical schools and the rural family physician gender gap. Fam Med. May 2000;32(5):331-337. Access from Family Medicine.

Doescher MP, Ellsbury KE, Hart LG. The distribution of rural female generalist physicians in the United States. J Rural Health. Spring 2000;16(2):111-118. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. J Emerg Med. Apr 2000;18(3):289-297. Access from Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Wright GE, Baldwin LM, et al. The effect of the doctor-patient relationship on emergency department use among the elderly. Am J Public Health. Jan 2000;90(1):97-102. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla C. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. J Rural Health. Fall 1999;15(4):391-402. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their Medicare practices differ? J Rural Health. Spring 1999;15(2):240-251. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Lishner DM, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Clark SJ. Chapter 12: rural maternal and perinatal health. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Morrill R, Cromartie J, Hart LG. Metropolitan, urban, and rural commuting areas: toward a better depiction of the US settlement system. Urban Geog. 1999;20(8):727-748. Access from Urban Geography.

Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Chapter 3: physicians and rural America. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Dunbar PJ, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. Availability of anesthesia personnel in rural Washington and Montana. Anesthesiology. Mar 1998;88(3):800-808. Access from Anesthesiology.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jul-Aug 1997;10(4):272-279. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is non-metropolitan residence a risk factor for poor birth outcome in the U.S.? Soc Sci Med. Jul 1997;45(2):171-188. Access from Social Science & Medicine.

Melzer SM, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Hospital services for rural children in Washington State. Pediatrics. Feb 1997;99(2):196-203. Access from Pediatrics.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Access to maternity care in rural Washington: its effect on neonatal outcomes and resource use. Am J Public Health. Jan 1997;87(1):85-90. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Norris TE, Reese JW, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Are rural family physicians comfortable performing cesarean sections? J Fam Pract. Nov 1996;43(5):455-460. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce M, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Health Serv Res. Oct 1996;31(4):429-452. Access from Health Services Research.

Pan S, Geller JM, Muus KJ, Hart LG. Predicting the degree of rurality of physician assistant practice location. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Spring 1996;41(1):105-119. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

West PA, Norris TE, Gore EJ, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. J Am Board Fam Pract. Mar-Apr 1996;9(2):100-108. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Muus KJ, Geller JM, Ludtke RL, et al. Comparing urban and rural primary care PAs: implications for recruitment. J Am Acad Physician Assist. 1996;9(8):49-60.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1996;9(1):23-30. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, West PA, Norris TE, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban locations. J Rural Health. Winter 1995;11(1):60-72. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rivara FP, Maier RV, Rosenblatt R. From roadside to bedside: the regionalization of trauma care in a remote rural county. J Trauma. Jan 1995;38(1):14-21. Access from Journal of Trauma.

Rosenblatt RA, Dawson AJ, Larson EH, et al. A comparison of the investment in hospital-based obstetrical ultrasound in Wales and Washington State. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1995;11(3):571-584. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital inpatient surgical volume: cutting-edge service or operating on the margin? J Rural Health. Winter 1994;10(1):16-25. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Most rural towns lost physicians after their hospitals closed. Rural Development Perspectives. 1994;10(Oct):17-21.

Hummel J, Cortte R, Ballweg R, Larson E. Physician assistant training for Native Alaskan community health aides: the MEDEX Northwest experience. Alaska Med. Oct-Dec 1994;36(4):183-188. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Lishner DM, Robertson DG, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Educational and geographic career pathways of rural vs. urban hospital administrators. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1994;39(3):359-367. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders GR, Tressler CJ, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. The diffusion of obstetric technology into rural U.S. hospitals. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1994;10(3):479-489. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural inpatient surgical services: where does the buck stop? J Rural Health. Spring 1994;10(2):70-79. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Public Health Rep. Mar-Apr 1994;109(2):266-274. Access from Public Health Reports.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems, and future projections. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1994;7(1):60-70.

Pirani MJ, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Physician perspectives on the causes of rural hospital closure, 1980-1988. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 1993;6(6):556-562. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural northwest hospitals. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1993;38(3):353-374. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. The effect of federal grants on medical schools' production of primary care physicians. Am J Public Health. Mar 1993;83(3):322-328. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? JAMA. Sep 23-30 1992;268(12):1559-1565. Abstract available from JAMA.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Comparing the characteristics of schools that produce high percentages and low percentages of primary care physicians. Acad Med. Sep 1992;67(9):587-591. Abstract available from Academic Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Rural residence and poor birth outcome in Washington State. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):162-170. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):171-177. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission after surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Am J Public Health. Mar 1992;82(3):407-411. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. J Rural Health. Summer 1991;7(3):222-245. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Bovbjerg RR, Whelan A, Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Long C. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis. The case of the WAMI states. West J Med. Jun 1991;154(6):693-699. Access from PubMed Central.

Welch HG, Larson EH. Patients requiring at least five admissions in 1 year. Data from Washington State. Med Care. Jun 1991;29(6):578-582. Access from Medical Care.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to perinatal care: a case study of the Access to Maternity Care Committee in Washington State. Public Health Rep. Jan-Feb 1991;106(1):47-52. Access from PubMed Central.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Obstetric practice patterns in Washington State after tort reform: has the access problem been solved? Obstet Gynecol. Dec 1990;76(6):1105-1110. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, Schafer B, Winterscheid LC, Hart LG. Why do physicians stop practicing obstetrics? The impact of malpractice claims. Obstet Gynecol. Aug 1990;76(2):245-250. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Allen SM, Ballweg RA, Cosgrove EM, Engle KA, Robinson LR, Rosenblatt RA, Skillman SM, Wenrich MD. Challenges and opportunities in building a sustainable rural primary care workforce in alignment with the Affordable Care Act: the WWAMI Program as a case study. Acad Med. Dec 2013;88(12):1862-1869. Available from Academic Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Treatment of early-stage prostate cancer among rural and urban patients. Cancer. Aug 15 2013;119(16):3067-3075. Access from Cancer.

Baldwin LM, Cai Y, Larson EH, Dobie SA, Wright GE, Goodman DC, Matthews M, Hart LG. Access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. J Rural Health. Fall 2008;24(4):390-399. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CH, Huff ED, Hart LG. Quality of care for myocardial infarction in rural and urban hospitals. J Rural Health. Winter 2010;26(1):51-57. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Casey S, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Am J Public Health. Sep 2002;92(9):1491-1497. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. Trends in perinatal and infant health disparities between rural American Indians and Alaska Natives and rural whites. Am J Public Health. Apr 2009;99(4):638-646. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, West PA, Norris TE, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban locations. J Rural Health. Winter 1995;11(1):60-72. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, Hart LG, Larson EH, Moore K, Lewis E, Andrilla CHA, Grossman DC. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians in two states. J Rural Health. Summer 2008;24(3):269-278. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):99-108. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Rosenblatt RA, Doescher MP. Receipt of recommended radiation therapy among rural and urban cancer patients. Cancer. Oct 2012;118(20):5100-5109. Announcement. Access from Cancer.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their Medicare practices differ? J Rural Health. Spring 1999;15(2):240-251. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Chan L, Giardino N, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare study. J Rural Health. Mar 2010;26(2):139-145. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):140-146. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):109-117. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chen F, Fordyce M, Andes S, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? A 15-year update. Acad Med. Apr 2010;85(4):594-598. Access from Academic Medicine.

Chen FM, Phillips RL Jr, Schneeweiss R, et al. Accounting for graduate medical education funding in family practice training. Fam Med. Oct 2002;34(9):663-668. Access from Family Medicine.

Coombs JB. Quality of care in rural settings: bringing the "new quality" to rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jul-Aug 1997;10(4):272-279. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians are significant providers of safety net care. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 2005;18(6):470-477. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA, Skillman SM, Morgan P, Kaplan L. The contribution of physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners toward rural primary care: findings from a 13-state survey. Med Care. Jun 2014;52(6):549-556. Access from Medical Care.

Doescher MP, Ellsbury KE, Hart LG. The distribution of rural female generalist physicians in the United States. J Rural Health. Spring 2000;16(2):111-118. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Jerant A, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):112-118. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. J Public Health Manag Pract. May-Jun 2009;15(3):200-209. Access from Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Doescher MP, Lee C, Berke EM, Adachi-Mejia AM, Lee CK, Stewart O, Patterson DG, Hurvitz PM, Carlos HA, Duncan GE, Moudon AV. The built environment and utilitarian walking in small U.S. towns. Prev Med. Sep 6 2014;69C:80-86. [Epub ahead of print]

Dunbar PJ, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. Availability of anesthesia personnel in rural Washington and Montana. Anesthesiology. Mar 1998;88(3):800-808. Access from Anesthesiology.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan SJ, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of physicians to the rural Northwest. J Am Board Fam Pract. Sep-Oct 2002;15(5):391-400. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. US medical schools and the rural family physician gender gap. Fam Med. May 2000;32(5):331-337. Access from Family Medicine.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Chen FM, Hart LG. Osteopathic physicians and international medical graduates in the rural primary care physician workforce. Fam Med. Jun 2012;44(6):396-403. Access from Family Medicine.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Educating generalist physicians for rural practice: how are we doing? J Rural Health. Winter 2000;16(1):56-80. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems, and future projections. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1994;7(1):60-70.

Geyman JP. Graduate education for rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rivara FP, Maier RV, Rosenblatt R. From roadside to bedside: the regionalization of trauma care in a remote rural county. J Trauma. Jan 1995;38(1):14-21. Access from Journal of Trauma.

Grumbach K, Hart LG, Mertz E, Coffman J, Palazzo L. Who is caring for the underserved? A comparison of primary care physicians and nonphysician clinicians. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1(2):97-104. Access from Annals of Family Medicine.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, et al. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the tracking project reports first-year findings. J Rural Health. Spring 2001;17(2):82-86. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce M, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Health Serv Res. Oct 1996;31(4):429-452. Access from Health Services Research.

Hart LG, Larson EH, Lishner DM. Rural definitions for health policy and research. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(7):1149-1155. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. J Rural Health. Fall 2003;19(4):461-469. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. J Rural Health. Summer 1991;7(3):222-245. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Most rural towns lost physicians after their hospitals closed. Rural Development Perspectives. 1994;10(Oct):17-21.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural northwest hospitals. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1993;38(3):353-374. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Taylor P. The emergence of federal rural health policy in the United States. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Hummel J, Cortte R, Ballweg R, Larson E. Physician assistant training for Native Alaskan community health aides: the MEDEX Northwest experience. Alaska Med. Oct-Dec 1994;36(4):183-188. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Institute of Medicine. Community colleges and the education of allied health professionals in rural areas (summary of presentation by SM Skillman). In: Institute of Medicine. Allied health workforce and services: workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2011:42-44.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Problem drinking: rural and urban trends in America, 1995/1997 to 2003. Prev Med. Aug 2006;43(2):122-124. Access from Preventive Medicine.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. A national study of obesity prevalence and trends by type of rural county. J Rural Health. 2005;21(2):140-148. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Saver BG, Hart LG. Trends in professional advice to lose weight among obese adults, 1994-2000. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(9):814-818. Access from Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Kaplan L, Skillman SM, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding APRN distribution in the United States using NPI data. J Nurse Pract. Sep 2012;8(8):626-635. Access from Journal for Nurse Practitioners.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Ballweg RA. National estimates of physician assistant productivity. J Allied Health. 2001;30(3):146-152. Access from Journal of Allied Health.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla C. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. J Rural Health. Fall 1999;15(4):391-402. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Public Health Rep. Mar-Apr 1994;109(2):266-274. Access from Public Health Reports.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is non-metropolitan residence a risk factor for poor birth outcome in the U.S.? Soc Sci Med. Jul 1997;45(2):171-188. Access from Social Science & Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Rural residence and poor birth outcome in Washington State. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):162-170. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG. The rural physician. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001:27-40.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Health Serv Res. 2003;38(4):1003-1050. Access from Health Services Research.

Lishner DM, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Clark SJ. Chapter 12: rural maternal and perinatal health. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Lishner DM, Robertson DG, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Educational and geographic career pathways of rural vs. urban hospital administrators. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1994;39(3):359-367. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. J Emerg Med. Apr 2000;18(3):289-297. Access from Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Lynge DC, Larson EH, Thompson MJ, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. A longitudinal analysis of the general surgery workforce in the United States, 1981-2005. Arch Surg. Apr 2008;143(4):345-350. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Melzer SM, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Hospital services for rural children in Washington State. Pediatrics. Feb 1997;99(2):196-203. Access from Pediatrics.

Morrill R, Cromartie J, Hart LG. Metropolitan, urban, and rural commuting areas: toward a better depiction of the US settlement system. Urban Geog. 1999;20(8):727-748. Access from Urban Geography.

Muus KJ, Geller JM, Ludtke RL, et al. Comparing urban and rural primary care PAs: implications for recruitment. J Am Acad Physician Assist. 1996;9(8):49-60.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Access to maternity care in rural Washington: its effect on neonatal outcomes and resource use. Am J Public Health. Jan 1997;87(1):85-90. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Norris TE, Reese JW, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Are rural family physicians comfortable performing cesarean sections? J Fam Pract. Nov 1996;43(5):455-460. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Norris TE. Telemedicine and telehealth service. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Pan S, Geller JM, Muus KJ, Hart LG. Predicting the degree of rurality of physician assistant practice location. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Spring 1996;41(1):105-119. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Pirani MJ, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Physician perspectives on the causes of rural hospital closure, 1980-1988. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 1993;6(6):556-562. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Andrilla CHA, Curtin T, Hart LG. Shortages of medical personnel at community health centers: implications for planned expansion. JAMA. Mar 1 2006;295(9):1042-1049. Access from JAMA.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. Improving the quality of outpatient care for older patients with diabetes: lessons from a comparison of rural and urban communities. J Fam Pract. Aug 2001;50(8):676-680. Access from Journal of Family Practice.

Rosenblatt RA, Bovbjerg RR, Whelan A, Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Long C. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis. The case of the WAMI states. West J Med. Jun 1991;154(6):693-699. Access from PubMed Central.

Rosenblatt RA, Dawson AJ, Larson EH, et al. A comparison of the investment in hospital-based obstetrical ultrasound in Wales and Washington State. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1995;11(3):571-584. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Will rural family medicine residency training survive? Fam Med. Nov-Dec 2006;38(10):705-711. Access from Family Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Chapter 3: physicians and rural America. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1996;9(1):23-30. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders GR, Tressler CJ, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. The diffusion of obstetric technology into rural U.S. hospitals. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1994;10(3):479-489. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CH, Chen FM. Family medicine training in rural areas. JAMA. Sep 4 2002;288(9):1063-1064. Access from JAMA.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, Schafer B, Winterscheid LC, Hart LG. Why do physicians stop practicing obstetrics? The impact of malpractice claims. Obstet Gynecol. Aug 1990;76(2):245-250. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Obstetric practice patterns in Washington State after tort reform: has the access problem been solved? Obstet Gynecol. Dec 1990;76(6):1105-1110. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. The effect of federal grants on medical schools' production of primary care physicians. Am J Public Health. Mar 1993;83(3):322-328. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? JAMA. Sep 23-30 1992;268(12):1559-1565. Abstract available from JAMA.

Rosenblatt RA, Wright GE, Baldwin LM, et al. The effect of the doctor-patient relationship on emergency department use among the elderly. Am J Public Health. Jan 2000;90(1):97-102. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Rosenblatt RA. The health of rural people and the communities and environments in which they work. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to perinatal care: a case study of the Access to Maternity Care Committee in Washington State. Public Health Rep. Jan-Feb 1991;106(1):47-52. Access from PubMed Central.

Schneeweiss R, Rosenblatt RA, Dovey S, et al. The effects of the 1997 Balanced Budget Act on family practice residency training programs. Fam Med. Feb 2003;35(2):93-99. Access from Family Medicine.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Fenton SH, Ostergard SJ. Health information technology workforce needs of rural primary care practices. J Rural Health, in press.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Mouradian WE, Brunson DK. The challenge to delivering oral health services in rural America. J Public Health Dent. Jun 2010;70(S1):S49-S57. Access from Journal of Public Health Dentistry.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Arch Surg. Jan 2005;140(1):74-79. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission after surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Am J Public Health. Mar 1992;82(3):407-411. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Welch HG, Larson EH. Patients requiring at least five admissions in 1 year. Data from Washington State. Med Care. Jun 1991;29(6):578-582. Access from Medical Care.

West PA, Norris TE, Gore EJ, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. J Am Board Fam Pract. Mar-Apr 1996;9(2):100-108. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Comparing the characteristics of schools that produce high percentages and low percentages of primary care physicians. Acad Med. Sep 1992;67(9):587-591. Abstract available from Academic Medicine.

Williams R, House P. Community oriented primary care and rural services development. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural inpatient surgical services: where does the buck stop? J Rural Health. Spring 1994;10(2):70-79. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital inpatient surgical volume: cutting-edge service or operating on the margin? J Rural Health. Winter 1994;10(1):16-25. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):171-177. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Wright GE. The economics of rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Reports and Briefsby Date: by Author:

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S., Patterson DG. Support for rural recruitment and practice among U.S. nurse practitioner education programs. Policy Brief #147. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, May 2014. Full report

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Do rural patients with early-stage prostate cancer gain access to all treatment choices? Final Report #144. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Feb 2014. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #138 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #139 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #140 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #141 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: will some locations be more affected than others? Final Report #127. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2013. Full report.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #1: the rural health workforce: challenges and opportunities. Policy Brief #146.1. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #2: the rural health workforce in the WWAMI states: by the numbers. Policy Brief #146.2. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #3: building and maintaining the rural health workforce: resources and strategies. Policy Brief #146.3. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Fordyce MA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #4: what is rural in the WWAMI States? Why definitions matter. Policy Brief #146.4. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #5: health workforce assessment: tools for policymakers and planners. Policy Brief #146.5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine: summary of an expert meeting. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. A national agenda for community paramedicine research. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes, 2008-2012. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #136. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Characteristics of rural RNs who live and work in different communities. Final Report #133. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Final Report #137. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips Jr RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2012 (revised). Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: training physicians for rural practice: capitalizing on local expertise to strengthen rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2011. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Chen FM, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The future of family medicine and implications for rural primary care physician supply. Final Report #125. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Chen FM, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP, Morris C. Family medicine residency training in rural locations. Final Report #126. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jul 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CHA, Huff E, Hart LG. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction: are the gaps between rural and urban hospitals closing? Final Report #118. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Did rural perinatal care systems stay regionalized between 1985 and 1997? Final Report #132. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2010. Full report.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the aging of the primary care physician workforce: are rural locations vulnerable? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Lynge D, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural general surgery. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: threats to the future supply of rural registered nurses. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Skillman SM, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: the crisis in rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Keppel G, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural dentistry. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Chen FM, Fordyce MA, Andes S, Hart LG. U.S. rural physician workforce: analysis of medical school graduates from 1988-1997. Final Report #113. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2008. Full report. Policy Brief.

Chan L, Giardino M, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare Study. Final Report #117. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. Final Report #121. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. National trends in the perinatal and infant health of rural American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs): have the disparities between AI/ANs and whites narrowed? Final Report #111. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Poor birth outcome in the rural United States: 1985-1987 to 1995-1997. Final Report #119. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Fordyce MA, Chen FM, Doescher MP, Hart LG. 2005 physician supply and distribution in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #116. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. Seattle, WA: Author; Oct 2007. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG, Butterfield P. Changes in the rural registered nurse workforce from 1980 to 2004. Final Report #115. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Health Center Expansion and Recruitment Survey 2004: results by Health and Human Services regions and health center geography. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2007. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. A national study of lifetime asthma prevalence and trends in metro and non-metro counties, 2000-2003. Working Paper #108. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Project summary: will rural family medicine residency training survive? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jan 2007. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: registered nurse vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Dec 2006. Policy brief.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Results of the 2004 health center expansion and recruitment survey for health centers: analyses for Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI states). Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2006. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Evaluation of alternative Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) definitions in Washington State. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; 2006. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural dental practice: a tale of four states. Working Paper #107. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2006. Full report. Policy brief.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians offer significant amounts of safety net care in their communities. Working Paper #88. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2006 (revised). Full report.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: dentist vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author, Dec 2005. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: family physician vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Nov 2005. Policy brief.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. Working Paper #97. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2005. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Heavy and binge drinking in rural America: a comparison of rural and urban counties from 1995/1997 through 1999/2001. Working Paper #95. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2005. Full report.

Hagopian A, House P. An evaluation of the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program's Technical Assistance and Services Center. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005.

Hart LG, Lishner DM, Larson EH, et al. Pathways to rural practice: a chartbook of family medicine residency training locations and characteristics. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005. Cover. Introduction. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. References.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, et al. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians: provider perceptions in two states. Working Paper #78. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Working Paper #77. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 2004. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Obesity prevalence in rural counties: a national study. Working Paper #87. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. Working Paper #85. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC III, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. Working Paper #74. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Health workforce recruitment and retention in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(5).

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Staffing the business office in critical access hospitals while meeting regulatory and payment system challenges. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(6).

Hagopian A, Thompson MJ, Kaltenbach E, Hart LG. The role of international medical graduates in America's small rural "critical access" hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(1).

House PJ. State-based evaluations of the Flex Program. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(4).

Larson EH, Johnson KE, Norris TE, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. State of the health workforce in rural America: profiles and comparisons. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2003. Cover. Contents. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. References.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. Working Paper #72. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CHA, Chen FM. Family medicine residency training in rural areas: how much is taking place, and is it enough to prepare a future generation of rural family physicians? Working Paper #69. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2002. Full report.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. Working Paper #58. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project third-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2002.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Working Paper #64. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; Jun 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Wright GE, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. How many physicians can a rural community support? A practice income potential model for Washington State. Working Paper #45. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2001. Full report.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan S, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of generalist physicians to the rural Northwest. Working Paper #62. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. The Rural Hospital Flexibility Program, the Tracking Project: second-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2001.

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Critical access hospitals and community development. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(4).

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Administration in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(3).

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center and five collaborating centers. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program Tracking Project Year 02 report. Seattle, WA: Author; 2001.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. The quality of care received by diabetic patients in Washington State: a rural-urban comparison. Working Paper #59. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2000. Full report. Policy brief.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, Poley S, Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project first-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2000.

Hagopian A. Modeling economic changes in communities and their health systems. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(8).

Hagopian A. The CAH start-up kit. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(1).

Baldwin LM, Casey S, Freeman W, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Working Paper #54. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Muus K, Geller J. Content of physician assistant practice: results from a national survey. Working Paper #55. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1999. Full report.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Physician education and rural location: a critical review. Working Paper #49. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1999. Full report.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. The production of rural female generalists by U.S. medical schools. Working Paper #52. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. Working Paper #53. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1998. Full report.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Lishner DM, Hart LG, Schneeweiss R. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their practices differ? Working Paper #48. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1998.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla CHA. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. Working Paper #47. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Saver BG, Bowman R, Crittenden RA, Maudlin RK, Hart LG. Barriers to residency training of physicians in rural areas. Working Paper #46. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Dyck SM, Hagopian A, House PJ, Hart LG. Northwest rural hospital governing boards. Working Paper #43. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1997.

Dunbar P, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. A profile of anesthesia provision in rural Washington and Montana. Working Paper #39. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1996.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence a risk factor for poor birth outcomes? A national study. Working Paper #36. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1995.

Melzer S, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Larson EH, Sodenberg R, Rosenblatt RA. Rural inpatient pediatrics: pediatricians and family physicians. Working Paper #35. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1995.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. Working Paper #33. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1995.

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Working Paper #32. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1995.

West P, Norris TE, Gore E, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. Working Paper #31. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1995.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. Working Paper #28. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1994.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Norris TE, West P, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban places. Working Paper #25. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1993.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Local access to obstetric care in rural areas: effect on prenatal care, birth outcomes, and costs. Working Paper #23. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1993.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems and policy options. Working Paper #22. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1993.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural surgical services: where does the buck stop? Working Paper #21. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1993.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Tressler C, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. Do rural hospitals have less obstetric technology than their urban counterparts? A statewide study. Working Paper #20. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1993.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital surgical volume: cutting edge service or operating on the margin? Working Paper #19. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1993.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural WAMI hospitals. Working Paper #18. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1992.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: results from a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Working Paper #17. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1992.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital closure and physician supply: a national study. Working Paper #16. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1991.

Williamson H, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. Working Paper #15. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1991.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence associated with poor birth outcome? Working Paper #14. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1991.

Hoare G, Katz A, Porter A, Dannenbaum A, Baldwin H. Rural hospital care linkages in the Northwest. Working Paper #12. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Impact of federal funding for primary care medical education on medical student specialty choices and practice locations: 1976-1985. Working Paper #13. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

Amundson BA, Hagopian A, Robertson DG. Implementing a community-based approach to strengthening rural health services: the Community Health Services Development Model (parts I and II). Working Paper #11. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1991.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission following surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Working Paper #10. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1991.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. Working Paper #9. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG, Long C, Baldwin LM, Bovbjerg RR. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis: the case of the WAMI states. Working Paper #8. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, et al. Are rural family physicians less likely to stop practicing obstetrics than their urban counterparts: the impact of malpractice claims. Working Paper #7. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Rural obstetrical access in Washington State: have we attained equilibrium? Working Paper #6. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1990.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to rural perinatal care: a case study of the access to maternity care committee in Washington State. Working Paper #5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1989.

Amundson BA, Hagopian A, Robertson DG. Implementing a community-based approach to strengthening rural health services: the Community Health Services Development Model (parts I and II). Working Paper #11. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1991.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Evaluation of alternative Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) definitions in Washington State. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; 2006. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Health Center Expansion and Recruitment Survey 2004: results by Health and Human Services regions and health center geography. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2007. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Results of the 2004 health center expansion and recruitment survey for health centers: analyses for Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI states). Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2006. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural dental practice: a tale of four states. Working Paper #107. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2006. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Do rural patients with early-stage prostate cancer gain access to all treatment choices? Final Report #144. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Feb 2014. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Casey S, Freeman W, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Working Paper #54. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CHA, Huff E, Hart LG. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction: are the gaps between rural and urban hospitals closing? Final Report #118. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #141 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #140 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #139 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #138 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. National trends in the perinatal and infant health of rural American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs): have the disparities between AI/ANs and whites narrowed? Final Report #111. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Norris TE, West P, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban places. Working Paper #25. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1993.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, et al. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians: provider perceptions in two states. Working Paper #78. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. Working Paper #72. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Lishner DM, Hart LG, Schneeweiss R. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their practices differ? Working Paper #48. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1998.

Chan L, Giardino M, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare Study. Final Report #117. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. Working Paper #97. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2005. Full report.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC III, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. Working Paper #74. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Chen FM, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP, Morris C. Family medicine residency training in rural locations. Final Report #126. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jul 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Chen FM, Fordyce MA, Andes S, Hart LG. U.S. rural physician workforce: analysis of medical school graduates from 1988-1997. Final Report #113. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2008. Full report. Policy Brief.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. Working Paper #28. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1994.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians offer significant amounts of safety net care in their communities. Working Paper #88. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2006 (revised). Full report.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the aging of the primary care physician workforce: are rural locations vulnerable? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. Final Report #121. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Keppel G, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural dentistry. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Lynge D, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural general surgery. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Skillman SM, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: the crisis in rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Dunbar P, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. A profile of anesthesia provision in rural Washington and Montana. Working Paper #39. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1996.

Dyck SM, Hagopian A, House PJ, Hart LG. Northwest rural hospital governing boards. Working Paper #43. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1997.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan S, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of generalist physicians to the rural Northwest. Working Paper #62. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. The production of rural female generalists by U.S. medical schools. Working Paper #52. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project third-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2002.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. The Rural Hospital Flexibility Program, the Tracking Project: second-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2001.

Fordyce MA, Chen FM, Doescher MP, Hart LG. 2005 physician supply and distribution in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #116. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: will some locations be more affected than others? Final Report #127. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2013. Full report.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Physician education and rural location: a critical review. Working Paper #49. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1999. Full report.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems and policy options. Working Paper #22. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1993.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, Poley S, Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project first-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2000.

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Critical access hospitals and community development. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(4).

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Administration in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(3).

Hagopian A, House P. An evaluation of the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program's Technical Assistance and Services Center. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005.

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Health workforce recruitment and retention in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(5).

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Staffing the business office in critical access hospitals while meeting regulatory and payment system challenges. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(6).

Hagopian A, Thompson MJ, Kaltenbach E, Hart LG. The role of international medical graduates in America's small rural "critical access" hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(1).

Hagopian A. Modeling economic changes in communities and their health systems. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(8).

Hagopian A. The CAH start-up kit. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(1).

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Working Paper #32. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1995.

Hart LG, Lishner DM, Larson EH, et al. Pathways to rural practice: a chartbook of family medicine residency training locations and characteristics. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005. Cover. Introduction. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. References.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. Working Paper #58. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. Working Paper #9. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1990.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital closure and physician supply: a national study. Working Paper #16. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1991.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural WAMI hospitals. Working Paper #18. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1992.

Hoare G, Katz A, Porter A, Dannenbaum A, Baldwin H. Rural hospital care linkages in the Northwest. Working Paper #12. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

House PJ. State-based evaluations of the Flex Program. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(4).

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. A national study of lifetime asthma prevalence and trends in metro and non-metro counties, 2000-2003. Working Paper #108. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Heavy and binge drinking in rural America: a comparison of rural and urban counties from 1995/1997 through 1999/2001. Working Paper #95. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2005. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. Working Paper #85. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Obesity prevalence in rural counties: a national study. Working Paper #87. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla CHA. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. Working Paper #47. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: results from a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Working Paper #17. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1992.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Muus K, Geller J. Content of physician assistant practice: results from a national survey. Working Paper #55. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1999. Full report.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence a risk factor for poor birth outcomes? A national study. Working Paper #36. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1995.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence associated with poor birth outcome? Working Paper #14. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1991.

Larson EH, Johnson KE, Norris TE, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. State of the health workforce in rural America: profiles and comparisons. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2003. Cover. Contents. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. References.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Did rural perinatal care systems stay regionalized between 1985 and 1997? Final Report #132. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2010. Full report.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Poor birth outcome in the rural United States: 1985-1987 to 1995-1997. Final Report #119. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Working Paper #64. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; Jun 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. Working Paper #53. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1998. Full report.

Melzer S, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Larson EH, Sodenberg R, Rosenblatt RA. Rural inpatient pediatrics: pediatricians and family physicians. Working Paper #35. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1995.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Local access to obstetric care in rural areas: effect on prenatal care, birth outcomes, and costs. Working Paper #23. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1993.

Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #3: building and maintaining the rural health workforce: resources and strategies. Policy Brief #146.3. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes, 2008-2012. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: training physicians for rural practice: capitalizing on local expertise to strengthen rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2011. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips Jr RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2012 (revised). Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #2: the rural health workforce in the WWAMI states: by the numbers. Policy Brief #146.2. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. A national agenda for community paramedicine research. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine: summary of an expert meeting. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. The quality of care received by diabetic patients in Washington State: a rural-urban comparison. Working Paper #59. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2000. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Chen FM, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The future of family medicine and implications for rural primary care physician supply. Final Report #125. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Project summary: will rural family medicine residency training survive? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jan 2007. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. Working Paper #33. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1995.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Tressler C, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. Do rural hospitals have less obstetric technology than their urban counterparts? A statewide study. Working Paper #20. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1993.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CHA, Chen FM. Family medicine residency training in rural areas: how much is taking place, and is it enough to prepare a future generation of rural family physicians? Working Paper #69. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2002. Full report.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, et al. Are rural family physicians less likely to stop practicing obstetrics than their urban counterparts: the impact of malpractice claims. Working Paper #7. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG, Long C, Baldwin LM, Bovbjerg RR. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis: the case of the WAMI states. Working Paper #8. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Rural obstetrical access in Washington State: have we attained equilibrium? Working Paper #6. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1990.

Saver BG, Bowman R, Crittenden RA, Maudlin RK, Hart LG. Barriers to residency training of physicians in rural areas. Working Paper #46. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to rural perinatal care: a case study of the access to maternity care committee in Washington State. Working Paper #5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1989.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: threats to the future supply of rural registered nurses. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S., Patterson DG. Support for rural recruitment and practice among U.S. nurse practitioner education programs. Policy Brief #147. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, May 2014. Full report

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Final Report #137. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #136. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Characteristics of rural RNs who live and work in different communities. Final Report #133. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG, Butterfield P. Changes in the rural registered nurse workforce from 1980 to 2004. Final Report #115. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #5: health workforce assessment: tools for policymakers and planners. Policy Brief #146.5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Fordyce MA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #4: what is rural in the WWAMI States? Why definitions matter. Policy Brief #146.4. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #1: the rural health workforce: challenges and opportunities. Policy Brief #146.1. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Working Paper #77. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 2004. Full report.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission following surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Working Paper #10. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1991.

West P, Norris TE, Gore E, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. Working Paper #31. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1995.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Impact of federal funding for primary care medical education on medical student specialty choices and practice locations: 1976-1985. Working Paper #13. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural surgical services: where does the buck stop? Working Paper #21. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1993.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital surgical volume: cutting edge service or operating on the margin? Working Paper #19. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1993.

Williamson H, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. Working Paper #15. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1991.

Wright GE, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. How many physicians can a rural community support? A practice income potential model for Washington State. Working Paper #45. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2001. Full report.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center and five collaborating centers. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program Tracking Project Year 02 report. Seattle, WA: Author; 2001.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. Seattle, WA: Author; Oct 2007. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: dentist vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author, Dec 2005. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: family physician vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Nov 2005. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: registered nurse vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Dec 2006. Policy brief.

Presentationsby Date: by Author:

Patterson DG. Community paramedicine: a rural Triple Aim strategy. Recent developments, opportunities, and resources. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 24, 2014.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare future rural family physicians. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. Physician rural tracks: graduate update. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. RTT Technical Assistance data component update. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 17, 2014.

Schmitz D, Patterson DG, Deutchman M. Promoting medical education scholarship in rural places. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 16, 2014.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG. Access to home health care in rural areas: what are the hurdles and how do we get over them? Presented at the 27th Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 20, 2014.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Poster presented at AcademyHealth 2013 Annual Research Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/23/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S, Fenton S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Robinson A, Wingrove G. Discussion of opportunities identified to advance community paramedicine and conduct research to build the evidence base from the National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine. Presented at Ninth International Roundtable on Community Paramedicine, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, United Kingdom, 5/22/13.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 36th Annual Rural Health Conference, Louisville, Kentucky, 5/8/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Presented at Ninth Annual AAMC Physician Workforce Research Conference, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/2/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at State Offices of Rural Health Region D Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, 4/30/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Family medicine Rural Training Tracks: residency models and graduate outcomes. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural Training Track research update. Presented at 2013 Rural Training Track (RTT) Conclave Conference, Boise, Idaho, 2/28/13.

Skillman SM. Solving state health workforce planning: factors to consider and ideas from other states. Presented at West Virginia Rural Health Conference, The Resort at Glade Springs, Daniels, West Virginia, 11/14/12.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Community paramedicine research agenda. Presented at National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 10/2/12.

Skillman SM, Phippen E. Washington's health workforce: challenges and promising practices. Presented at St. Francis Hospital Leadership Retreat, Lakewold Gardens, Gravelly Lake, Washington, 7/11/12.

Doescher M. The contributions of generalist physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants to rural primary care. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural and underserved areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Skillman SM. Washington's health workforce: What do we know? What can we know? Presented at Healthcare Leadership Workforce Summit: Envisioning the Future, Planning for Change, Bellingham, Washington, 5/23/12.

Skillman SM. Issues in assessing the rural and primary care workforce. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/16/12.

Skillman SM. How to find and use health workforce data on state health workforce supply and distribution. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/15/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad State 30 program. Presented at 8th Annual Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. States' strategies for recruiting physicians through the Conrad State 30 J-1 Visa Waiver Program. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP (presenter). Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/17/12.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Maternal and infant health in rural America. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Bolton PA, Williams I. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at Second Annual Rural Training Track Conclave, Omaha, Nebraska, 3/1/12.

Doescher MP, Cole A. Receipt of colorectal cancer screening among rural and urban minority group members. Presented at Stephenson Cancer Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1/31/12.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Baldwin LM. Predictors of negative birth outcomes in rural locations. Presented at Health Outcomes Among Children and Families Living in Rural Communities Conference, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, 12/2011.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge DC. Variability in general surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented to International Health Workforce Commission, Brisbane, Australia, 10/2011.

Doescher MP. The crisis in rural general surgery: can research drive policy change? Presented at Collwill Lecture, University of Missouri Family Medicine Department, Columbia, Missouri, 8/2011.

Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Doescher MP, Patterson DG. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Patterson DG. Current health workforce research at the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad 30 program. Presented at Department of Family Medicine Grand Rounds, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 6/1/11.

Skillman SM. Policy implications of primary care practice redesign with and without payment reform: summation panel. Presented at The Primary Care Workforce Crisis: Driving Health Policy Change through Innovation, Seattle, Washington, 5/25/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Institute of Medicine Workshop on Allied Health Workforce and Services, Washington, DC, 5/9/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/6/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Doescher MP. Tale of two specialties: general surgery and family medicine in rural America. Presented at Grand Rounds, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Duluth, Minnesota, 4/2011.

Doescher MP. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Doescher MP. Variability in surgical practice and patient characteristics in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/27/11.

Doescher MP. Primary care supply: are we up to the challenge? Presented at Ohio Association of Community Health Centers and 3RNet Webinar: Creative Solutions to Meeting the Clinical Workforce Shortfall, Columbus, Ohio, 2/2011.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Presented at North American Primary Care Research Group, Seattle, Washington, 11/2010.

Doescher MP. Primary care in rural America: can the crisis be solved? Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Annual Meeting, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 11/2010.

Doescher MP. Informing rural primary care workforce policy: what does the evidence tell us? Presented at Rural Health Research Gateway Webinar, 9/2010.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Use of different treatment options by rural early stage prostate cancer patients. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Association between problem drinking and access to Veterans Administration health care services among rural veterans, 2003-2004. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM, Kronick R, Straw R. New frontiers in health workforce research: rethinking the data infrastructure. Presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Skillman SM, O'Halloran R, Kuebel H, Fulcher R, Adams E. Community colleges' contributions to health workforce development in rural communities: what are the best practices and how do we know them when we see them? Presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Savannah, Georgia, 5/21/10.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association 33rd Annual Rural Health Conference, Savannah, Georgia, 5/18-21/10.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM. A vision for improved health workforce data. Presented at 2010 Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Arlington, Virginia, 5/5/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the U.S. generalist physician workforce: are rural locations at higher risk? Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Baldwin LM. Are rural cancer patients with early stage prostate cancer accessing all treatment choices? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. Can health care reform resuscitate rural primary care in our region? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. The dental workforce, access to care and oral health status in the rural U.S. Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Skillman SM. Update: University of Washington WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/20/09.

Skillman SM. The rural health workforce: building on what we know. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health, National Workforce Summit, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/19/09.

Skillman SM. The right mix: linking the workforce to patient and health outcomes. Moderator of session at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Are rural cancer patients receiving recommended radiation therapy? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: are some locations more vulnerable than others? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Where do veterans with problem drinking receive health care? A national study. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural generalist physician workforce: are some areas affected more than others? Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/19/09.

Skillman SM. Wyoming Healthcare Commission workforce project: the role of the University of Washington (WWAMI) Center for Health Workforce Studies and Rural Health Research Center. Presented to Wyoming Healthcare Commission, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 10/13/08.

Skillman SM. Studies of access to care: University of Washington Rural Health Research Center and Center for Health Workforce Studies. Presented at Measuring Healthcare Access--Washington State Interagency Idea Exchange, Olympia, Washington, 8/21/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Office of Rural Health Policy and Division of Nursing, HRSA, Rockville, Maryland, 6/10/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Fordyce M, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Factors associated with rural-residing RNs' choices to work in larger rural and urban areas, presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Washington, DC, 6/9/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Rural Nurse Conference, Richland, Washington, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Anchorage, Alaska, 5/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at 20th Annual Northwest Regional Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/22/07.

Hart LG. Shortages of Health Providers in Rural Areas, presented at Nevada Office of Rural Health Recruitment and Retention Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1/10/07. Powerpoint presentation.

Hart LG. Rural CHC workforce. Presented at 3RNet annual conference, 10/4/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Hart LG, Morrill R, Cromartie J. Use of RUCAs in health services research. Presented at AcademyHealth annual conference, 6/25/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Larson EH, Morrison C; Andrilla C, Ostergard, S. Which physician assistant programs produce rural physician assistants? Podium presentation, Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 2014.

Larson EH. Opportunities to address rural health workforce needs and demand. Invited presentation, Rural Health Philanthropy Partnership Meeting, sponsored by Federal Office of Rural Health Policy and the National Rural Health Association, Washington, DC, May, 2014.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare family medicine physicians for rural practice. Poster presented at Tenth Annual AAMC Health Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, May 1, 2014.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Use of different treatment options by rural early stage prostate cancer patients. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Maternal and infant health in rural America. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Are rural cancer patients receiving recommended radiation therapy? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Baldwin LM. Are rural cancer patients with early stage prostate cancer accessing all treatment choices? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher M. The contributions of generalist physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants to rural primary care. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Doescher MP, Cole A. Receipt of colorectal cancer screening among rural and urban minority group members. Presented at Stephenson Cancer Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1/31/12.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Baldwin LM. Predictors of negative birth outcomes in rural locations. Presented at Health Outcomes Among Children and Families Living in Rural Communities Conference, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, 12/2011.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural generalist physician workforce: are some areas affected more than others? Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/19/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: are some locations more vulnerable than others? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the U.S. generalist physician workforce: are rural locations at higher risk? Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/6/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge DC. Variability in general surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented to International Health Workforce Commission, Brisbane, Australia, 10/2011.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Presented at North American Primary Care Research Group, Seattle, Washington, 11/2010.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Association between problem drinking and access to Veterans Administration health care services among rural veterans, 2003-2004. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Where do veterans with problem drinking receive health care? A national study. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association 33rd Annual Rural Health Conference, Savannah, Georgia, 5/18-21/10.

Doescher MP. Can health care reform resuscitate rural primary care in our region? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. Informing rural primary care workforce policy: what does the evidence tell us? Presented at Rural Health Research Gateway Webinar, 9/2010.

Doescher MP. Primary care in rural America: can the crisis be solved? Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Annual Meeting, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 11/2010.

Doescher MP. Primary care supply: are we up to the challenge? Presented at Ohio Association of Community Health Centers and 3RNet Webinar: Creative Solutions to Meeting the Clinical Workforce Shortfall, Columbus, Ohio, 2/2011.

Doescher MP. Tale of two specialties: general surgery and family medicine in rural America. Presented at Grand Rounds, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Duluth, Minnesota, 4/2011.

Doescher MP. The crisis in rural general surgery: can research drive policy change? Presented at Collwill Lecture, University of Missouri Family Medicine Department, Columbia, Missouri, 8/2011.

Doescher MP. The dental workforce, access to care and oral health status in the rural U.S. Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Doescher MP. Variability in surgical practice and patient characteristics in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Hart LG, Morrill R, Cromartie J. Use of RUCAs in health services research. Presented at AcademyHealth annual conference, 6/25/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Hart LG. Rural CHC workforce. Presented at 3RNet annual conference, 10/4/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Hart LG. Shortages of Health Providers in Rural Areas, presented at Nevada Office of Rural Health Recruitment and Retention Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1/10/07. Powerpoint presentation.

Larson EH, Morrison C; Andrilla C, Ostergard, S. Which physician assistant programs produce rural physician assistants? Podium presentation, Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 2014.

Larson EH. Opportunities to address rural health workforce needs and demand. Invited presentation, Rural Health Philanthropy Partnership Meeting, sponsored by Federal Office of Rural Health Policy and the National Rural Health Association, Washington, DC, May, 2014.

Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Doescher MP, Patterson DG. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare family medicine physicians for rural practice. Poster presented at Tenth Annual AAMC Health Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, May 1, 2014.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare future rural family physicians. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Bolton PA, Williams I. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 36th Annual Rural Health Conference, Louisville, Kentucky, 5/8/13.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. States' strategies for recruiting physicians through the Conrad State 30 J-1 Visa Waiver Program. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural and underserved areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad 30 program. Presented at Department of Family Medicine Grand Rounds, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 6/1/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad State 30 program. Presented at 8th Annual Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Family medicine Rural Training Tracks: residency models and graduate outcomes. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural Training Track research update. Presented at 2013 Rural Training Track (RTT) Conclave Conference, Boise, Idaho, 2/28/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Poster presented at AcademyHealth 2013 Annual Research Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/23/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Presented at Ninth Annual AAMC Physician Workforce Research Conference, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/2/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at Second Annual Rural Training Track Conclave, Omaha, Nebraska, 3/1/12.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. Physician rural tracks: graduate update. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. RTT Technical Assistance data component update. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 17, 2014.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Robinson A, Wingrove G. Discussion of opportunities identified to advance community paramedicine and conduct research to build the evidence base from the National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine. Presented at Ninth International Roundtable on Community Paramedicine, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, United Kingdom, 5/22/13.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Community paramedicine research agenda. Presented at National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 10/2/12.

Patterson DG. Current health workforce research at the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Patterson DG. Community paramedicine: a rural Triple Aim strategy. Recent developments, opportunities, and resources. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 24, 2014.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM, Kronick R, Straw R. New frontiers in health workforce research: rethinking the data infrastructure. Presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM. A vision for improved health workforce data. Presented at 2010 Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Arlington, Virginia, 5/5/10.

Schmitz D, Patterson DG, Deutchman M. Promoting medical education scholarship in rural places. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 16, 2014.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S, Fenton S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at State Offices of Rural Health Region D Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, 4/30/13.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP (presenter). Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/17/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Institute of Medicine Workshop on Allied Health Workforce and Services, Washington, DC, 5/9/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/27/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Skillman SM, O'Halloran R, Kuebel H, Fulcher R, Adams E. Community colleges' contributions to health workforce development in rural communities: what are the best practices and how do we know them when we see them? Presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Savannah, Georgia, 5/21/10.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Fordyce M, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Factors associated with rural-residing RNs' choices to work in larger rural and urban areas, presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Washington, DC, 6/9/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Anchorage, Alaska, 5/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at 20th Annual Northwest Regional Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/22/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Office of Rural Health Policy and Division of Nursing, HRSA, Rockville, Maryland, 6/10/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Rural Nurse Conference, Richland, Washington, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG. Access to home health care in rural areas: what are the hurdles and how do we get over them? Presented at the 27th Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 20, 2014.

Skillman SM, Phippen E. Washington's health workforce: challenges and promising practices. Presented at St. Francis Hospital Leadership Retreat, Lakewold Gardens, Gravelly Lake, Washington, 7/11/12.

Skillman SM. How to find and use health workforce data on state health workforce supply and distribution. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/15/12.

Skillman SM. Issues in assessing the rural and primary care workforce. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/16/12.

Skillman SM. Policy implications of primary care practice redesign with and without payment reform: summation panel. Presented at The Primary Care Workforce Crisis: Driving Health Policy Change through Innovation, Seattle, Washington, 5/25/11.

Skillman SM. Solving state health workforce planning: factors to consider and ideas from other states. Presented at West Virginia Rural Health Conference, The Resort at Glade Springs, Daniels, West Virginia, 11/14/12.

Skillman SM. Studies of access to care: University of Washington Rural Health Research Center and Center for Health Workforce Studies. Presented at Measuring Healthcare Access--Washington State Interagency Idea Exchange, Olympia, Washington, 8/21/08.

Skillman SM. The right mix: linking the workforce to patient and health outcomes. Moderator of session at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Skillman SM. The rural health workforce: building on what we know. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health, National Workforce Summit, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/19/09.

Skillman SM. Update: University of Washington WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/20/09.

Skillman SM. Washington's health workforce: What do we know? What can we know? Presented at Healthcare Leadership Workforce Summit: Envisioning the Future, Planning for Change, Bellingham, Washington, 5/23/12.

Skillman SM. Wyoming Healthcare Commission workforce project: the role of the University of Washington (WWAMI) Center for Health Workforce Studies and Rural Health Research Center. Presented to Wyoming Healthcare Commission, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 10/13/08.

Otherby Date: by Author:

Rural Assistance Center and Lewin Group, with assistance from the University of Washington Rural Health Research Center. Economic Impact Analysis Tool. Click here to view the Economic Impact Analysis Tool home page.

Patterson DP. The contributions of international medical graduates to healthcare for rural and underserved populations: a reference list, 2000-2010. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2010. Reference list.

On-Line Atlas of International Medical Graduates. Click here to view the Atlas.

Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Whelan AR. Geographical aspects of obstetrical care in Washington State. Master of Arts thesis. Seattle, WA: University of Washington; 1989.

Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

On-Line Atlas of International Medical Graduates. Click here to view the Atlas.

Patterson DP. The contributions of international medical graduates to healthcare for rural and underserved populations: a reference list, 2000-2010. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2010. Reference list.

Rural Assistance Center and Lewin Group, with assistance from the University of Washington Rural Health Research Center. Economic Impact Analysis Tool. Click here to view the Economic Impact Analysis Tool home page.

Whelan AR. Geographical aspects of obstetrical care in Washington State. Master of Arts thesis. Seattle, WA: University of Washington; 1989.

See Allby Date: by Author:

Doescher MP, Lee C, Berke EM, Adachi-Mejia AM, Lee CK, Stewart O, Patterson DG, Hurvitz PM, Carlos HA, Duncan GE, Moudon AV. The built environment and utilitarian walking in small U.S. towns. Prev Med. Sep 6 2014;69C:80-86. [Epub ahead of print]

Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA, Skillman SM, Morgan P, Kaplan L. The contribution of physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners toward rural primary care: findings from a 13-state survey. Med Care. Jun 2014;52(6):549-556. Access from Medical Care.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Fenton SH, Ostergard SJ. Health information technology workforce needs of rural primary care practices. J Rural Health, in press.

Patterson DG. Community paramedicine: a rural Triple Aim strategy. Recent developments, opportunities, and resources. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 24, 2014.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S., Patterson DG. Support for rural recruitment and practice among U.S. nurse practitioner education programs. Policy Brief #147. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, May 2014. Full report

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare future rural family physicians. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. Physician rural tracks: graduate update. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. RTT Technical Assistance data component update. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 17, 2014.

Schmitz D, Patterson DG, Deutchman M. Promoting medical education scholarship in rural places. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 16, 2014.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG. Access to home health care in rural areas: what are the hurdles and how do we get over them? Presented at the 27th Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 20, 2014.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Do rural patients with early-stage prostate cancer gain access to all treatment choices? Final Report #144. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Feb 2014. Full report. Policy brief.

Allen SM, Ballweg RA, Cosgrove EM, Engle KA, Robinson LR, Rosenblatt RA, Skillman SM, Wenrich MD. Challenges and opportunities in building a sustainable rural primary care workforce in alignment with the Affordable Care Act: the WWAMI Program as a case study. Acad Med. Dec 2013;88(12):1862-1869. Available from Academic Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #138 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #139 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #140 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #141 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: will some locations be more affected than others? Final Report #127. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2013. Full report.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Treatment of early-stage prostate cancer among rural and urban patients. Cancer. Aug 15 2013;119(16):3067-3075. Access from Cancer.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #1: the rural health workforce: challenges and opportunities. Policy Brief #146.1. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #2: the rural health workforce in the WWAMI states: by the numbers. Policy Brief #146.2. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #3: building and maintaining the rural health workforce: resources and strategies. Policy Brief #146.3. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Fordyce MA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #4: what is rural in the WWAMI States? Why definitions matter. Policy Brief #146.4. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #5: health workforce assessment: tools for policymakers and planners. Policy Brief #146.5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Poster presented at AcademyHealth 2013 Annual Research Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/23/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S, Fenton S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Robinson A, Wingrove G. Discussion of opportunities identified to advance community paramedicine and conduct research to build the evidence base from the National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine. Presented at Ninth International Roundtable on Community Paramedicine, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, United Kingdom, 5/22/13.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 36th Annual Rural Health Conference, Louisville, Kentucky, 5/8/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Presented at Ninth Annual AAMC Physician Workforce Research Conference, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/2/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at State Offices of Rural Health Region D Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, 4/30/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Family medicine Rural Training Tracks: residency models and graduate outcomes. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine: summary of an expert meeting. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. A national agenda for community paramedicine research. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural Training Track research update. Presented at 2013 Rural Training Track (RTT) Conclave Conference, Boise, Idaho, 2/28/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes, 2008-2012. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM. Solving state health workforce planning: factors to consider and ideas from other states. Presented at West Virginia Rural Health Conference, The Resort at Glade Springs, Daniels, West Virginia, 11/14/12.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #136. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Rosenblatt RA, Doescher MP. Receipt of recommended radiation therapy among rural and urban cancer patients. Cancer. Oct 2012;118(20):5100-5109. Announcement. Access from Cancer.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Community paramedicine research agenda. Presented at National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 10/2/12.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Characteristics of rural RNs who live and work in different communities. Final Report #133. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Kaplan L, Skillman SM, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding APRN distribution in the United States using NPI data. J Nurse Pract. Sep 2012;8(8):626-635. Access from Journal for Nurse Practitioners.

Rural Assistance Center and Lewin Group, with assistance from the University of Washington Rural Health Research Center. Economic Impact Analysis Tool. Click here to view the Economic Impact Analysis Tool home page.

Skillman SM, Phippen E. Washington's health workforce: challenges and promising practices. Presented at St. Francis Hospital Leadership Retreat, Lakewold Gardens, Gravelly Lake, Washington, 7/11/12.

Doescher M. The contributions of generalist physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants to rural primary care. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural and underserved areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Chen FM, Hart LG. Osteopathic physicians and international medical graduates in the rural primary care physician workforce. Fam Med. Jun 2012;44(6):396-403. Access from Family Medicine.

Skillman SM. Washington's health workforce: What do we know? What can we know? Presented at Healthcare Leadership Workforce Summit: Envisioning the Future, Planning for Change, Bellingham, Washington, 5/23/12.

Skillman SM. Issues in assessing the rural and primary care workforce. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/16/12.

Skillman SM. How to find and use health workforce data on state health workforce supply and distribution. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/15/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad State 30 program. Presented at 8th Annual Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. States' strategies for recruiting physicians through the Conrad State 30 J-1 Visa Waiver Program. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP (presenter). Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/17/12.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Maternal and infant health in rural America. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Bolton PA, Williams I. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at Second Annual Rural Training Track Conclave, Omaha, Nebraska, 3/1/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Final Report #137. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Cole A. Receipt of colorectal cancer screening among rural and urban minority group members. Presented at Stephenson Cancer Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1/31/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips Jr RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2012 (revised). Policy brief.

Institute of Medicine. Community colleges and the education of allied health professionals in rural areas (summary of presentation by SM Skillman). In: Institute of Medicine. Allied health workforce and services: workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2011:42-44.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Baldwin LM. Predictors of negative birth outcomes in rural locations. Presented at Health Outcomes Among Children and Families Living in Rural Communities Conference, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, 12/2011.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge DC. Variability in general surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented to International Health Workforce Commission, Brisbane, Australia, 10/2011.

Doescher MP. The crisis in rural general surgery: can research drive policy change? Presented at Collwill Lecture, University of Missouri Family Medicine Department, Columbia, Missouri, 8/2011.

Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Doescher MP, Patterson DG. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Patterson DG. Current health workforce research at the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad 30 program. Presented at Department of Family Medicine Grand Rounds, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 6/1/11.

Skillman SM. Policy implications of primary care practice redesign with and without payment reform: summation panel. Presented at The Primary Care Workforce Crisis: Driving Health Policy Change through Innovation, Seattle, Washington, 5/25/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Institute of Medicine Workshop on Allied Health Workforce and Services, Washington, DC, 5/9/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/6/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Doescher MP. Tale of two specialties: general surgery and family medicine in rural America. Presented at Grand Rounds, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Duluth, Minnesota, 4/2011.

Doescher MP. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Doescher MP. Variability in surgical practice and patient characteristics in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/27/11.

Doescher MP. Primary care supply: are we up to the challenge? Presented at Ohio Association of Community Health Centers and 3RNet Webinar: Creative Solutions to Meeting the Clinical Workforce Shortfall, Columbus, Ohio, 2/2011.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: training physicians for rural practice: capitalizing on local expertise to strengthen rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2011. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Presented at North American Primary Care Research Group, Seattle, Washington, 11/2010.

Doescher MP. Primary care in rural America: can the crisis be solved? Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Annual Meeting, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 11/2010.

Doescher MP. Informing rural primary care workforce policy: what does the evidence tell us? Presented at Rural Health Research Gateway Webinar, 9/2010.

Rosenblatt RA, Chen FM, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The future of family medicine and implications for rural primary care physician supply. Final Report #125. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Chen FM, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP, Morris C. Family medicine residency training in rural locations. Final Report #126. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jul 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Use of different treatment options by rural early stage prostate cancer patients. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Association between problem drinking and access to Veterans Administration health care services among rural veterans, 2003-2004. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM, Kronick R, Straw R. New frontiers in health workforce research: rethinking the data infrastructure. Presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Patterson DP. The contributions of international medical graduates to healthcare for rural and underserved populations: a reference list, 2000-2010. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2010. Reference list.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Mouradian WE, Brunson DK. The challenge to delivering oral health services in rural America. J Public Health Dent. Jun 2010;70(S1):S49-S57. Access from Journal of Public Health Dentistry.

Skillman SM, O'Halloran R, Kuebel H, Fulcher R, Adams E. Community colleges' contributions to health workforce development in rural communities: what are the best practices and how do we know them when we see them? Presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Savannah, Georgia, 5/21/10.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association 33rd Annual Rural Health Conference, Savannah, Georgia, 5/18-21/10.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM. A vision for improved health workforce data. Presented at 2010 Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Arlington, Virginia, 5/5/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the U.S. generalist physician workforce: are rural locations at higher risk? Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Chen F, Fordyce M, Andes S, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? A 15-year update. Acad Med. Apr 2010;85(4):594-598. Access from Academic Medicine.

Baldwin LM. Are rural cancer patients with early stage prostate cancer accessing all treatment choices? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. Can health care reform resuscitate rural primary care in our region? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. The dental workforce, access to care and oral health status in the rural U.S. Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CHA, Huff E, Hart LG. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction: are the gaps between rural and urban hospitals closing? Final Report #118. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Chan L, Giardino N, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare study. J Rural Health. Mar 2010;26(2):139-145. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CH, Huff ED, Hart LG. Quality of care for myocardial infarction in rural and urban hospitals. J Rural Health. Winter 2010;26(1):51-57. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Did rural perinatal care systems stay regionalized between 1985 and 1997? Final Report #132. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2010. Full report.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2009. Policy brief.

Skillman SM. Update: University of Washington WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/20/09.

Skillman SM. The rural health workforce: building on what we know. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health, National Workforce Summit, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/19/09.

Skillman SM. The right mix: linking the workforce to patient and health outcomes. Moderator of session at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Are rural cancer patients receiving recommended radiation therapy? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: are some locations more vulnerable than others? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Where do veterans with problem drinking receive health care? A national study. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the aging of the primary care physician workforce: are rural locations vulnerable? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. J Public Health Manag Pract. May-Jun 2009;15(3):200-209. Access from Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Doescher MP, Lynge D, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural general surgery. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: threats to the future supply of rural registered nurses. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Skillman SM, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: the crisis in rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. Trends in perinatal and infant health disparities between rural American Indians and Alaska Natives and rural whites. Am J Public Health. Apr 2009;99(4):638-646. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Doescher MP, Keppel G, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural dentistry. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural generalist physician workforce: are some areas affected more than others? Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/19/09.

Skillman SM. Wyoming Healthcare Commission workforce project: the role of the University of Washington (WWAMI) Center for Health Workforce Studies and Rural Health Research Center. Presented to Wyoming Healthcare Commission, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 10/13/08.

Baldwin LM, Cai Y, Larson EH, Dobie SA, Wright GE, Goodman DC, Matthews M, Hart LG. Access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. J Rural Health. Fall 2008;24(4):390-399. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chen FM, Fordyce MA, Andes S, Hart LG. U.S. rural physician workforce: analysis of medical school graduates from 1988-1997. Final Report #113. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2008. Full report. Policy Brief.

Chan L, Giardino M, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare Study. Final Report #117. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM. Studies of access to care: University of Washington Rural Health Research Center and Center for Health Workforce Studies. Presented at Measuring Healthcare Access--Washington State Interagency Idea Exchange, Olympia, Washington, 8/21/08.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. Final Report #121. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. National trends in the perinatal and infant health of rural American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs): have the disparities between AI/ANs and whites narrowed? Final Report #111. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, Hart LG, Larson EH, Moore K, Lewis E, Andrilla CHA, Grossman DC. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians in two states. J Rural Health. Summer 2008;24(3):269-278. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Office of Rural Health Policy and Division of Nursing, HRSA, Rockville, Maryland, 6/10/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Fordyce M, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Factors associated with rural-residing RNs' choices to work in larger rural and urban areas, presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Washington, DC, 6/9/08.

Lynge DC, Larson EH, Thompson MJ, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. A longitudinal analysis of the general surgery workforce in the United States, 1981-2005. Arch Surg. Apr 2008;143(4):345-350. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Poor birth outcome in the rural United States: 1985-1987 to 1995-1997. Final Report #119. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Fordyce MA, Chen FM, Doescher MP, Hart LG. 2005 physician supply and distribution in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #116. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. Seattle, WA: Author; Oct 2007. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG, Butterfield P. Changes in the rural registered nurse workforce from 1980 to 2004. Final Report #115. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Rural Nurse Conference, Richland, Washington, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Anchorage, Alaska, 5/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at 20th Annual Northwest Regional Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/22/07.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Health Center Expansion and Recruitment Survey 2004: results by Health and Human Services regions and health center geography. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2007. Full report.

Hart LG. Shortages of Health Providers in Rural Areas, presented at Nevada Office of Rural Health Recruitment and Retention Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1/10/07. Powerpoint presentation.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. A national study of lifetime asthma prevalence and trends in metro and non-metro counties, 2000-2003. Working Paper #108. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Project summary: will rural family medicine residency training survive? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jan 2007. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Will rural family medicine residency training survive? Fam Med. Nov-Dec 2006;38(10):705-711. Access from Family Medicine.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: registered nurse vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Dec 2006. Policy brief.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Results of the 2004 health center expansion and recruitment survey for health centers: analyses for Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI states). Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2006. Full report.

Hart LG. Rural CHC workforce. Presented at 3RNet annual conference, 10/4/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Evaluation of alternative Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) definitions in Washington State. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; 2006. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Problem drinking: rural and urban trends in America, 1995/1997 to 2003. Prev Med. Aug 2006;43(2):122-124. Access from Preventive Medicine.

Hart LG, Morrill R, Cromartie J. Use of RUCAs in health services research. Presented at AcademyHealth annual conference, 6/25/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural dental practice: a tale of four states. Working Paper #107. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2006. Full report. Policy brief.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):140-146. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians offer significant amounts of safety net care in their communities. Working Paper #88. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2006 (revised). Full report.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Jerant A, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):112-118. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Rosenblatt RA, Andrilla CHA, Curtin T, Hart LG. Shortages of medical personnel at community health centers: implications for planned expansion. JAMA. Mar 1 2006;295(9):1042-1049. Access from JAMA.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: dentist vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author, Dec 2005. Policy brief.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians are significant providers of safety net care. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 2005;18(6):470-477. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: family physician vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Nov 2005. Policy brief.

On-Line Atlas of International Medical Graduates. Click here to view the Atlas.

Hart LG, Larson EH, Lishner DM. Rural definitions for health policy and research. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(7):1149-1155. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. Working Paper #97. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2005. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Heavy and binge drinking in rural America: a comparison of rural and urban counties from 1995/1997 through 1999/2001. Working Paper #95. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2005. Full report.

Hagopian A, House P. An evaluation of the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program's Technical Assistance and Services Center. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005.

Hart LG, Lishner DM, Larson EH, et al. Pathways to rural practice: a chartbook of family medicine residency training locations and characteristics. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005. Cover. Introduction. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. References.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. A national study of obesity prevalence and trends by type of rural county. J Rural Health. 2005;21(2):140-148. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Saver BG, Hart LG. Trends in professional advice to lose weight among obese adults, 1994-2000. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(9):814-818. Access from Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Arch Surg. Jan 2005;140(1):74-79. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, et al. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians: provider perceptions in two states. Working Paper #78. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Working Paper #77. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 2004. Full report.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):99-108. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):109-117. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Obesity prevalence in rural counties: a national study. Working Paper #87. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. Working Paper #85. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. J Rural Health. Fall 2003;19(4):461-469. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC III, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. Working Paper #74. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Schneeweiss R, Rosenblatt RA, Dovey S, et al. The effects of the 1997 Balanced Budget Act on family practice residency training programs. Fam Med. Feb 2003;35(2):93-99. Access from Family Medicine.

Grumbach K, Hart LG, Mertz E, Coffman J, Palazzo L. Who is caring for the underserved? A comparison of primary care physicians and nonphysician clinicians. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1(2):97-104. Access from Annals of Family Medicine.

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Health workforce recruitment and retention in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(5).

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Staffing the business office in critical access hospitals while meeting regulatory and payment system challenges. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(6).

Hagopian A, Thompson MJ, Kaltenbach E, Hart LG. The role of international medical graduates in America's small rural "critical access" hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(1).

House PJ. State-based evaluations of the Flex Program. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(4).

Larson EH, Johnson KE, Norris TE, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. State of the health workforce in rural America: profiles and comparisons. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2003. Cover. Contents. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. References.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Health Serv Res. 2003;38(4):1003-1050. Access from Health Services Research.

Chen FM, Phillips RL Jr, Schneeweiss R, et al. Accounting for graduate medical education funding in family practice training. Fam Med. Oct 2002;34(9):663-668. Access from Family Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CH, Chen FM. Family medicine training in rural areas. JAMA. Sep 4 2002;288(9):1063-1064. Access from JAMA.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Casey S, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Am J Public Health. Sep 2002;92(9):1491-1497. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan SJ, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of physicians to the rural Northwest. J Am Board Fam Pract. Sep-Oct 2002;15(5):391-400. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. Working Paper #72. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CHA, Chen FM. Family medicine residency training in rural areas: how much is taking place, and is it enough to prepare a future generation of rural family physicians? Working Paper #69. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2002. Full report.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. Working Paper #58. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project third-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2002.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. Improving the quality of outpatient care for older patients with diabetes: lessons from a comparison of rural and urban communities. J Fam Pract. Aug 2001;50(8):676-680. Access from Journal of Family Practice.

Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Working Paper #64. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; Jun 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, et al. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the tracking project reports first-year findings. J Rural Health. Spring 2001;17(2):82-86. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Wright GE, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. How many physicians can a rural community support? A practice income potential model for Washington State. Working Paper #45. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2001. Full report.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan S, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of generalist physicians to the rural Northwest. Working Paper #62. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Coombs JB. Quality of care in rural settings: bringing the "new quality" to rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. The Rural Hospital Flexibility Program, the Tracking Project: second-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2001.

Geyman JP. Graduate education for rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Critical access hospitals and community development. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(4).

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Administration in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(3).

Hart LG, Taylor P. The emergence of federal rural health policy in the United States. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Ballweg RA. National estimates of physician assistant productivity. J Allied Health. 2001;30(3):146-152. Access from Journal of Allied Health.

Larson EH, Hart LG. The rural physician. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001:27-40.

Norris TE. Telemedicine and telehealth service. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Rosenblatt RA. The health of rural people and the communities and environments in which they work. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Williams R, House P. Community oriented primary care and rural services development. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Wright GE. The economics of rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center and five collaborating centers. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program Tracking Project Year 02 report. Seattle, WA: Author; 2001.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Educating generalist physicians for rural practice: how are we doing? J Rural Health. Winter 2000;16(1):56-80. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. US medical schools and the rural family physician gender gap. Fam Med. May 2000;32(5):331-337. Access from Family Medicine.

Doescher MP, Ellsbury KE, Hart LG. The distribution of rural female generalist physicians in the United States. J Rural Health. Spring 2000;16(2):111-118. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. J Emerg Med. Apr 2000;18(3):289-297. Access from Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. The quality of care received by diabetic patients in Washington State: a rural-urban comparison. Working Paper #59. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2000. Full report. Policy brief.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, Poley S, Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project first-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2000.

Hagopian A. Modeling economic changes in communities and their health systems. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(8).

Hagopian A. The CAH start-up kit. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(1).

Rosenblatt RA, Wright GE, Baldwin LM, et al. The effect of the doctor-patient relationship on emergency department use among the elderly. Am J Public Health. Jan 2000;90(1):97-102. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla C. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. J Rural Health. Fall 1999;15(4):391-402. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Casey S, Freeman W, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Working Paper #54. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Muus K, Geller J. Content of physician assistant practice: results from a national survey. Working Paper #55. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1999. Full report.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their Medicare practices differ? J Rural Health. Spring 1999;15(2):240-251. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Physician education and rural location: a critical review. Working Paper #49. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1999. Full report.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. The production of rural female generalists by U.S. medical schools. Working Paper #52. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Lishner DM, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Clark SJ. Chapter 12: rural maternal and perinatal health. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Morrill R, Cromartie J, Hart LG. Metropolitan, urban, and rural commuting areas: toward a better depiction of the US settlement system. Urban Geog. 1999;20(8):727-748. Access from Urban Geography.

Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Chapter 3: physicians and rural America. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. Working Paper #53. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1998. Full report.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Lishner DM, Hart LG, Schneeweiss R. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their practices differ? Working Paper #48. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1998.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla CHA. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. Working Paper #47. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Saver BG, Bowman R, Crittenden RA, Maudlin RK, Hart LG. Barriers to residency training of physicians in rural areas. Working Paper #46. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Dunbar PJ, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. Availability of anesthesia personnel in rural Washington and Montana. Anesthesiology. Mar 1998;88(3):800-808. Access from Anesthesiology.

Doescher MP, Ellsbury KE, Hart LG. The distribution of rural female physicians in the United States. Working Paper #44. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1998.

Dyck SM, Hagopian A, House PJ, Hart LG. Northwest rural hospital governing boards. Working Paper #43. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1997.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jul-Aug 1997;10(4):272-279. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is non-metropolitan residence a risk factor for poor birth outcome in the U.S.? Soc Sci Med. Jul 1997;45(2):171-188. Access from Social Science & Medicine.

Melzer SM, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Hospital services for rural children in Washington State. Pediatrics. Feb 1997;99(2):196-203. Access from Pediatrics.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Access to maternity care in rural Washington: its effect on neonatal outcomes and resource use. Am J Public Health. Jan 1997;87(1):85-90. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Norris TE, Reese JW, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Are rural family physicians comfortable performing cesarean sections? J Fam Pract. Nov 1996;43(5):455-460. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce M, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Health Serv Res. Oct 1996;31(4):429-452. Access from Health Services Research.

Dunbar P, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. A profile of anesthesia provision in rural Washington and Montana. Working Paper #39. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1996.

Pan S, Geller JM, Muus KJ, Hart LG. Predicting the degree of rurality of physician assistant practice location. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Spring 1996;41(1):105-119. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Norris TE, Reese JW, Rosenblatt RA. Are rural family physicians comfortable performing cesarean sections? Working Paper #37. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1996.

West PA, Norris TE, Gore EJ, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. J Am Board Fam Pract. Mar-Apr 1996;9(2):100-108. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Muus KJ, Geller JM, Ludtke RL, et al. Comparing urban and rural primary care PAs: implications for recruitment. J Am Acad Physician Assist. 1996;9(8):49-60.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1996;9(1):23-30. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence a risk factor for poor birth outcomes? A national study. Working Paper #36. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1995.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, West PA, Norris TE, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban locations. J Rural Health. Winter 1995;11(1):60-72. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Melzer S, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Larson EH, Sodenberg R, Rosenblatt RA. Rural inpatient pediatrics: pediatricians and family physicians. Working Paper #35. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1995.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. Working Paper #33. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1995.

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Working Paper #32. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1995.

West P, Norris TE, Gore E, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. Working Paper #31. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1995.

Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rivara FP, Maier RV, Rosenblatt R. From roadside to bedside: the regionalization of trauma care in a remote rural county. J Trauma. Jan 1995;38(1):14-21. Access from Journal of Trauma.

Rosenblatt RA, Dawson AJ, Larson EH, et al. A comparison of the investment in hospital-based obstetrical ultrasound in Wales and Washington State. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1995;11(3):571-584. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital inpatient surgical volume: cutting-edge service or operating on the margin? J Rural Health. Winter 1994;10(1):16-25. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Most rural towns lost physicians after their hospitals closed. Rural Development Perspectives. 1994;10(Oct):17-21.

Hummel J, Cortte R, Ballweg R, Larson E. Physician assistant training for Native Alaskan community health aides: the MEDEX Northwest experience. Alaska Med. Oct-Dec 1994;36(4):183-188. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. Working Paper #28. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1994.

Lishner DM, Robertson DG, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Educational and geographic career pathways of rural vs. urban hospital administrators. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1994;39(3):359-367. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders GR, Tressler CJ, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. The diffusion of obstetric technology into rural U.S. hospitals. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1994;10(3):479-489. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural inpatient surgical services: where does the buck stop? J Rural Health. Spring 1994;10(2):70-79. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Public Health Rep. Mar-Apr 1994;109(2):266-274. Access from Public Health Reports.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems, and future projections. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1994;7(1):60-70.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Norris TE, West P, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban places. Working Paper #25. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1993.

Pirani MJ, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Physician perspectives on the causes of rural hospital closure, 1980-1988. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 1993;6(6):556-562. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural northwest hospitals. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1993;38(3):353-374. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Local access to obstetric care in rural areas: effect on prenatal care, birth outcomes, and costs. Working Paper #23. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1993.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems and policy options. Working Paper #22. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1993.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural surgical services: where does the buck stop? Working Paper #21. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1993.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Tressler C, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. Do rural hospitals have less obstetric technology than their urban counterparts? A statewide study. Working Paper #20. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1993.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. The effect of federal grants on medical schools' production of primary care physicians. Am J Public Health. Mar 1993;83(3):322-328. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital surgical volume: cutting edge service or operating on the margin? Working Paper #19. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1993.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? JAMA. Sep 23-30 1992;268(12):1559-1565. Abstract available from JAMA.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Comparing the characteristics of schools that produce high percentages and low percentages of primary care physicians. Acad Med. Sep 1992;67(9):587-591. Abstract available from Academic Medicine.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural WAMI hospitals. Working Paper #18. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1992.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Rural residence and poor birth outcome in Washington State. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):162-170. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):171-177. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: results from a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Working Paper #17. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1992.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission after surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Am J Public Health. Mar 1992;82(3):407-411. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital closure and physician supply: a national study. Working Paper #16. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1991.

Williamson H, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. Working Paper #15. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1991.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. J Rural Health. Summer 1991;7(3):222-245. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence associated with poor birth outcome? Working Paper #14. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1991.

Rosenblatt RA, Bovbjerg RR, Whelan A, Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Long C. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis. The case of the WAMI states. West J Med. Jun 1991;154(6):693-699. Access from PubMed Central.

Welch HG, Larson EH. Patients requiring at least five admissions in 1 year. Data from Washington State. Med Care. Jun 1991;29(6):578-582. Access from Medical Care.

Hoare G, Katz A, Porter A, Dannenbaum A, Baldwin H. Rural hospital care linkages in the Northwest. Working Paper #12. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Impact of federal funding for primary care medical education on medical student specialty choices and practice locations: 1976-1985. Working Paper #13. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

Amundson BA, Hagopian A, Robertson DG. Implementing a community-based approach to strengthening rural health services: the Community Health Services Development Model (parts I and II). Working Paper #11. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1991.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to perinatal care: a case study of the Access to Maternity Care Committee in Washington State. Public Health Rep. Jan-Feb 1991;106(1):47-52. Access from PubMed Central.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission following surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Working Paper #10. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1991.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Obstetric practice patterns in Washington State after tort reform: has the access problem been solved? Obstet Gynecol. Dec 1990;76(6):1105-1110. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. Working Paper #9. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, Schafer B, Winterscheid LC, Hart LG. Why do physicians stop practicing obstetrics? The impact of malpractice claims. Obstet Gynecol. Aug 1990;76(2):245-250. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG, Long C, Baldwin LM, Bovbjerg RR. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis: the case of the WAMI states. Working Paper #8. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, et al. Are rural family physicians less likely to stop practicing obstetrics than their urban counterparts: the impact of malpractice claims. Working Paper #7. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Rural obstetrical access in Washington State: have we attained equilibrium? Working Paper #6. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1990.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to rural perinatal care: a case study of the access to maternity care committee in Washington State. Working Paper #5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1989.

Whelan AR. Geographical aspects of obstetrical care in Washington State. Master of Arts thesis. Seattle, WA: University of Washington; 1989.

Larson EH, Morrison C; Andrilla C, Ostergard, S. Which physician assistant programs produce rural physician assistants? Podium presentation, Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 2014.

Larson EH. Opportunities to address rural health workforce needs and demand. Invited presentation, Rural Health Philanthropy Partnership Meeting, sponsored by Federal Office of Rural Health Policy and the National Rural Health Association, Washington, DC, May, 2014.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare family medicine physicians for rural practice. Poster presented at Tenth Annual AAMC Health Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, May 1, 2014.

Allen SM, Ballweg RA, Cosgrove EM, Engle KA, Robinson LR, Rosenblatt RA, Skillman SM, Wenrich MD. Challenges and opportunities in building a sustainable rural primary care workforce in alignment with the Affordable Care Act: the WWAMI Program as a case study. Acad Med. Dec 2013;88(12):1862-1869. Available from Academic Medicine.

Amundson BA, Hagopian A, Robertson DG. Implementing a community-based approach to strengthening rural health services: the Community Health Services Development Model (parts I and II). Working Paper #11. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1991.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Evaluation of alternative Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA) definitions in Washington State. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; 2006. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Health Center Expansion and Recruitment Survey 2004: results by Health and Human Services regions and health center geography. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2007. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Results of the 2004 health center expansion and recruitment survey for health centers: analyses for Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI states). Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2006. Full report.

Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural dental practice: a tale of four states. Working Paper #107. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2006. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Do rural patients with early-stage prostate cancer gain access to all treatment choices? Final Report #144. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Feb 2014. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Use of different treatment options by rural early stage prostate cancer patients. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Baldwin LM, Andrilla CHA, Porter MP, Rosenblatt RA, Patel S, Doescher MP. Treatment of early-stage prostate cancer among rural and urban patients. Cancer. Aug 15 2013;119(16):3067-3075. Access from Cancer.

Baldwin LM, Cai Y, Larson EH, Dobie SA, Wright GE, Goodman DC, Matthews M, Hart LG. Access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. J Rural Health. Fall 2008;24(4):390-399. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Casey S, Freeman W, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Working Paper #54. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CH, Huff ED, Hart LG. Quality of care for myocardial infarction in rural and urban hospitals. J Rural Health. Winter 2010;26(1):51-57. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Chan L, Andrilla CHA, Huff E, Hart LG. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction: are the gaps between rural and urban hospitals closing? Final Report #118. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Mar 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #141 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Inadequate prenatal care in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #140 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates among racial and ethnic groups in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #139 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP. Low birth weight rates in the rural United States, 2005. Policy Brief #138 in the series Perinatal health in the rural United States, 2005. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Oct 2013. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Maternal and infant health in rural America. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Casey S, et al. Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. Am J Public Health. Sep 2002;92(9):1491-1497. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. National trends in the perinatal and infant health of rural American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs): have the disparities between AI/ANs and whites narrowed? Final Report #111. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Grossman DC, Murowchick E, Larson EH, Hollow WB, Sugarman JR, Freeman WL, Hart LG. Trends in perinatal and infant health disparities between rural American Indians and Alaska Natives and rural whites. Am J Public Health. Apr 2009;99(4):638-646. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Norris TE, West P, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban places. Working Paper #25. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1993.

Baldwin LM, Hart LG, West PA, Norris TE, Gore E, Schneeweiss R. Two decades of experience in the University of Washington Family Medicine Residency Network: practice differences between graduates in rural and urban locations. J Rural Health. Winter 1995;11(1):60-72. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, et al. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians: provider perceptions in two states. Working Paper #78. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, Hollow WB, Casey S, Hart LG, Larson EH, Moore K, Lewis E, Andrilla CHA, Grossman DC. Access to specialty health care for rural American Indians in two states. J Rural Health. Summer 2008;24(3):269-278. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. Working Paper #72. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Baldwin LM, MacLehose RF, Hart LG, Beaver SK, Every N, Chan L. Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in rural and urban U.S. hospitals. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):99-108. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Fordyce MA, Doescher MP. Are rural cancer patients receiving recommended radiation therapy? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Baldwin LM, Patel S, Andrilla CHA, Rosenblatt RA, Doescher MP. Receipt of recommended radiation therapy among rural and urban cancer patients. Cancer. Oct 2012;118(20):5100-5109. Announcement. Access from Cancer.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Lishner DM, Hart LG, Schneeweiss R. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their practices differ? Working Paper #48. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1998.

Baldwin LM, Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Rural and urban physicians: does the content of their Medicare practices differ? J Rural Health. Spring 1999;15(2):240-251. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Baldwin LM. Are rural cancer patients with early stage prostate cancer accessing all treatment choices? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Chan L, Giardino M, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare Study. Final Report #117. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Chan L, Giardino N, Rubenfeld G, Baldwin LM, Fordyce MA, Hart LG. Geographic differences in use of home oxygen for obstructive lung disease: a national Medicare study. J Rural Health. Mar 2010;26(2):139-145. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. Working Paper #97. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2005. Full report.

Chan L, Hart LG, Goodman DC. Geographic access to health care for rural Medicare beneficiaries. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):140-146. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC III, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. Working Paper #74. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Chan L, Hart LG, Ricketts TC, Beaver SK. An analysis of Medicare's incentive payment program for physicians in health professional shortage areas. J Rural Health. 2004;20(2):109-117. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Chen F, Fordyce M, Andes S, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? A 15-year update. Acad Med. Apr 2010;85(4):594-598. Access from Academic Medicine.

Chen FM, Andrilla CHA, Doescher MP, Morris C. Family medicine residency training in rural locations. Final Report #126. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jul 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Chen FM, Fordyce MA, Andes S, Hart LG. U.S. rural physician workforce: analysis of medical school graduates from 1988-1997. Final Report #113. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2008. Full report. Policy Brief.

Chen FM, Phillips RL Jr, Schneeweiss R, et al. Accounting for graduate medical education funding in family practice training. Fam Med. Oct 2002;34(9):663-668. Access from Family Medicine.

Coombs JB. Quality of care in rural settings: bringing the "new quality" to rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. Working Paper #28. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1994.

Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Whitcomb ME, Rosenblatt RA. The National Health Service Corps: rural physician service and retention. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jul-Aug 1997;10(4):272-279. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians offer significant amounts of safety net care in their communities. Working Paper #88. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2006 (revised). Full report.

Dobie SA, Hagopian A, Kirlin BA, Hart LG. Wyoming physicians are significant providers of safety net care. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 2005;18(6):470-477. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Doescher M. The contributions of generalist physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants to rural primary care. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA, Skillman SM, Morgan P, Kaplan L. The contribution of physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners toward rural primary care: findings from a 13-state survey. Med Care. Jun 2014;52(6):549-556. Access from Medical Care.

Doescher MP, Cole A. Receipt of colorectal cancer screening among rural and urban minority group members. Presented at Stephenson Cancer Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1/31/12.

Doescher MP, Ellsbury KE, Hart LG. The distribution of rural female generalist physicians in the United States. J Rural Health. Spring 2000;16(2):111-118. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Doescher MP, Ellsbury KE, Hart LG. The distribution of rural female physicians in the United States. Working Paper #44. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1998.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Baldwin LM. Predictors of negative birth outcomes in rural locations. Presented at Health Outcomes Among Children and Families Living in Rural Communities Conference, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, 12/2011.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Jackson JE, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: persistent primary care health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the aging of the primary care physician workforce: are rural locations vulnerable? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural generalist physician workforce: are some areas affected more than others? Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/19/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: are some locations more vulnerable than others? Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM. The aging of the U.S. generalist physician workforce: are rural locations at higher risk? Poster presented at 2010 International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference, New York, New York, 5/2/10.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/6/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge D. Variability in surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Lynge DC. Variability in general surgical practice in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented to International Health Workforce Commission, Brisbane, Australia, 10/2011.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Persistent Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) and health care access in rural America. Presented at North American Primary Care Research Group, Seattle, Washington, 11/2010.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Jerant A, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. J Rural Health. Spring 2006;22(2):112-118. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE, Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Association between problem drinking and access to Veterans Administration health care services among rural veterans, 2003-2004. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. Final Report #121. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Where do veterans with problem drinking receive health care? A national study. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Doescher MP, Jackson JE. Trends in cervical and breast cancer screening practices among women in rural and urban areas of the United States. J Public Health Manag Pract. May-Jun 2009;15(3):200-209. Access from Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.

Doescher MP, Keppel G, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural dentistry. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Doescher MP, Keppel GA, Skillman SM. Dentist supply, access to dental care, and oral health among rural and urban residents: a national study. Poster presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association 33rd Annual Rural Health Conference, Savannah, Georgia, 5/18-21/10.

Doescher MP, Lee C, Berke EM, Adachi-Mejia AM, Lee CK, Stewart O, Patterson DG, Hurvitz PM, Carlos HA, Duncan GE, Moudon AV. The built environment and utilitarian walking in small U.S. towns. Prev Med. Sep 6 2014;69C:80-86. [Epub ahead of print]

Doescher MP, Lynge D, Skillman SM. Policy brief: the crisis in rural general surgery. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP, Skillman SM, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: the crisis in rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Doescher MP. Can health care reform resuscitate rural primary care in our region? Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. Informing rural primary care workforce policy: what does the evidence tell us? Presented at Rural Health Research Gateway Webinar, 9/2010.

Doescher MP. Primary care in rural America: can the crisis be solved? Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Annual Meeting, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 11/2010.

Doescher MP. Primary care supply: are we up to the challenge? Presented at Ohio Association of Community Health Centers and 3RNet Webinar: Creative Solutions to Meeting the Clinical Workforce Shortfall, Columbus, Ohio, 2/2011.

Doescher MP. Tale of two specialties: general surgery and family medicine in rural America. Presented at Grand Rounds, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Duluth, Minnesota, 4/2011.

Doescher MP. The crisis in rural general surgery: can research drive policy change? Presented at Collwill Lecture, University of Missouri Family Medicine Department, Columbia, Missouri, 8/2011.

Doescher MP. The dental workforce, access to care and oral health status in the rural U.S. Presented at 23rd Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/24/10.

Doescher MP. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Doescher MP. Variability in surgical practice and patient characteristics in rural and urban U.S. hospital settings. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Dunbar P, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. A profile of anesthesia provision in rural Washington and Montana. Working Paper #39. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1996.

Dunbar PJ, Mayer JD, Fordyce MA, et al. Availability of anesthesia personnel in rural Washington and Montana. Anesthesiology. Mar 1998;88(3):800-808. Access from Anesthesiology.

Dyck SM, Hagopian A, House PJ, Hart LG. Northwest rural hospital governing boards. Working Paper #43. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1997.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan S, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of generalist physicians to the rural Northwest. Working Paper #62. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Ellsbury KE, Baldwin LM, Johnson KE, Runyan SJ, Hart LG. Gender-related factors in the recruitment of physicians to the rural Northwest. J Am Board Fam Pract. Sep-Oct 2002;15(5):391-400. Access from Journal of the American Board of Family Practice.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. The production of rural female generalists by U.S. medical schools. Working Paper #52. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1999. Full report. Policy brief.

Ellsbury KE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. US medical schools and the rural family physician gender gap. Fam Med. May 2000;32(5):331-337. Access from Family Medicine.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project third-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2002.

Flex/CAH Tracking Team. The Rural Hospital Flexibility Program, the Tracking Project: second-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2001.

Fordyce MA, Chen FM, Doescher MP, Hart LG. 2005 physician supply and distribution in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #116. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Chen FM, Hart LG. Osteopathic physicians and international medical graduates in the rural primary care physician workforce. Fam Med. Jun 2012;44(6):396-403. Access from Family Medicine.

Fordyce MA, Doescher MP, Skillman SM. The aging of the rural primary care physician workforce: will some locations be more affected than others? Final Report #127. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2013. Full report.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Physician education and rural location: a critical review. Working Paper #49. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1999. Full report.

Geyman JP, Hart LG, Norris TE, Coombs JB, Lishner DM. Educating generalist physicians for rural practice: how are we doing? J Rural Health. Winter 2000;16(1):56-80. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems and policy options. Working Paper #22. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1993.

Geyman JP, Hart LG. Primary care at a crossroads: progress, problems, and future projections. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1994;7(1):60-70.

Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Geyman JP. Graduate education for rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rivara FP, Maier RV, Rosenblatt R. From roadside to bedside: the regionalization of trauma care in a remote rural county. J Trauma. Jan 1995;38(1):14-21. Access from Journal of Trauma.

Grumbach K, Hart LG, Mertz E, Coffman J, Palazzo L. Who is caring for the underserved? A comparison of primary care physicians and nonphysician clinicians. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1(2):97-104. Access from Annals of Family Medicine.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, et al. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the tracking project reports first-year findings. J Rural Health. Spring 2001;17(2):82-86. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Hagopian A, Hart LG, Poley S, Flex/CAH Tracking Team. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program: the Tracking Project first-year findings. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2000.

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Critical access hospitals and community development. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(4).

Hagopian A, Hart LG. Administration in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2001;2(3).

Hagopian A, House P. An evaluation of the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program's Technical Assistance and Services Center. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005.

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Health workforce recruitment and retention in critical access hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(5).

Hagopian A, Johnson KE, Fordyce MA, Blades S, Hart LG. Staffing the business office in critical access hospitals while meeting regulatory and payment system challenges. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(6).

Hagopian A, Thompson MJ, Kaltenbach E, Hart LG. The role of international medical graduates in America's small rural "critical access" hospitals. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(1).

Hagopian A. Modeling economic changes in communities and their health systems. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(8).

Hagopian A. The CAH start-up kit. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2000;1(1).

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce M, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Health Serv Res. Oct 1996;31(4):429-452. Access from Health Services Research.

Hart LG, Dobie SA, Baldwin LM, Pirani MJ, Fordyce MA, Rosenblatt RA. Rural and urban differences in physician resource use for low-risk obstetrics. Working Paper #32. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1995.

Hart LG, Larson EH, Lishner DM. Rural definitions for health policy and research. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(7):1149-1155. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Hart LG, Lishner DM, Larson EH, et al. Pathways to rural practice: a chartbook of family medicine residency training locations and characteristics. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2005. Cover. Introduction. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. References.

Hart LG, Morrill R, Cromartie J. Use of RUCAs in health services research. Presented at AcademyHealth annual conference, 6/25/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. Working Paper #58. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2002. Full report. Policy brief.

Hart LG, Norris TE, Lishner DM. Attitudes of family physicians in Washington State toward physician-assisted suicide. J Rural Health. Fall 2003;19(4):461-469. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. J Rural Health. Summer 1991;7(3):222-245. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Most rural towns lost physicians after their hospitals closed. Rural Development Perspectives. 1994;10(Oct):17-21.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Causes and consequences of rural small hospital closures from the perspectives of mayors. Working Paper #9. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1990.

Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital closure and physician supply: a national study. Working Paper #16. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1991.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural northwest hospitals. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1993;38(3):353-374. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Hart LG, Robertson DG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. CEO turnover in rural WAMI hospitals. Working Paper #18. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1992.

Hart LG, Taylor P. The emergence of federal rural health policy in the United States. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Hart LG. Rural CHC workforce. Presented at 3RNet annual conference, 10/4/06. Powerpoint presentation.

Hart LG. Shortages of Health Providers in Rural Areas, presented at Nevada Office of Rural Health Recruitment and Retention Symposium, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1/10/07. Powerpoint presentation.

Hoare G, Katz A, Porter A, Dannenbaum A, Baldwin H. Rural hospital care linkages in the Northwest. Working Paper #12. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

House PJ. State-based evaluations of the Flex Program. CAH/Flex National Tracking Project: Findings from the Field. 2003;3(4).

Hummel J, Cortte R, Ballweg R, Larson E. Physician assistant training for Native Alaskan community health aides: the MEDEX Northwest experience. Alaska Med. Oct-Dec 1994;36(4):183-188. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Institute of Medicine. Community colleges and the education of allied health professionals in rural areas (summary of presentation by SM Skillman). In: Institute of Medicine. Allied health workforce and services: workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2011:42-44.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. A national study of lifetime asthma prevalence and trends in metro and non-metro counties, 2000-2003. Working Paper #108. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Heavy and binge drinking in rural America: a comparison of rural and urban counties from 1995/1997 through 1999/2001. Working Paper #95. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2005. Full report.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Hart LG. Problem drinking: rural and urban trends in America, 1995/1997 to 2003. Prev Med. Aug 2006;43(2):122-124. Access from Preventive Medicine.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Prevalence and trends in smoking: a national rural study. Working Paper #85. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 2003. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. A national study of obesity prevalence and trends by type of rural county. J Rural Health. 2005;21(2):140-148. Access from Journal of Rural Health.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Jerant AF, Hart LG. Obesity prevalence in rural counties: a national study. Working Paper #87. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2004. Full report. Policy brief.

Jackson JE, Doescher MP, Saver BG, Hart LG. Trends in professional advice to lose weight among obese adults, 1994-2000. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(9):814-818. Access from Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Kaplan L, Skillman SM, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding APRN distribution in the United States using NPI data. J Nurse Pract. Sep 2012;8(8):626-635. Access from Journal for Nurse Practitioners.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Ballweg RA. National estimates of physician assistant productivity. J Allied Health. 2001;30(3):146-152. Access from Journal of Allied Health.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla C. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. J Rural Health. Fall 1999;15(4):391-402. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Goodwin MK, Geller J, Andrilla CHA. Dimensions of retention: a national study of the locational histories of physician assistants. Working Paper #47. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Public Health Rep. Mar-Apr 1994;109(2):266-274. Access from Public Health Reports.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Hummel J. Rural physician assistants: results from a survey of graduates of MEDEX Northwest. Working Paper #17. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1992.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Muus K, Geller J. Content of physician assistant practice: results from a national survey. Working Paper #55. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 1999. Full report.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is non-metropolitan residence a risk factor for poor birth outcome in the U.S.? Soc Sci Med. Jul 1997;45(2):171-188. Access from Social Science & Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Rural residence and poor birth outcome in Washington State. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):162-170. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence a risk factor for poor birth outcomes? A national study. Working Paper #36. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Dec 1995.

Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Is rural residence associated with poor birth outcome? Working Paper #14. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1991.

Larson EH, Hart LG. The rural physician. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001:27-40.

Larson EH, Johnson KE, Norris TE, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. State of the health workforce in rural America: profiles and comparisons. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; 2003. Cover. Contents. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Chapter 4. Chapter 5. Chapter 6. References.

Larson EH, Morrison C; Andrilla C, Ostergard, S. Which physician assistant programs produce rural physician assistants? Podium presentation, Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 2014.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Did rural perinatal care systems stay regionalized between 1985 and 1997? Final Report #132. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2010. Full report.

Larson EH, Murowchick E, Hart LG. Poor birth outcome in the rural United States: 1985-1987 to 1995-1997. Final Report #119. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2008. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Health Serv Res. 2003;38(4):1003-1050. Access from Health Services Research.

Larson EH, Palazzo L, Berkowitz B, Pirani MJ, Hart LG. The contribution of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to generalist care in underserved areas of Washington State. Working Paper #64. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Center for Health Workforce Studies, University of Washington; Jun 2001. Full report. Policy brief.

Larson EH. Opportunities to address rural health workforce needs and demand. Invited presentation, Rural Health Philanthropy Partnership Meeting, sponsored by Federal Office of Rural Health Policy and the National Rural Health Association, Washington, DC, May, 2014.

Lishner DM, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Clark SJ. Chapter 12: rural maternal and perinatal health. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Lishner DM, Robertson DG, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Educational and geographic career pathways of rural vs. urban hospital administrators. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Fall 1994;39(3):359-367. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. J Emerg Med. Apr 2000;18(3):289-297. Access from Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. Emergency department use by the rural elderly. Working Paper #53. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Nov 1998. Full report.

Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Doescher MP, Patterson DG. Training physicians for rural practice: Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Program. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Lynge DC, Larson EH, Thompson MJ, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. A longitudinal analysis of the general surgery workforce in the United States, 1981-2005. Arch Surg. Apr 2008;143(4):345-350. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Melzer S, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Larson EH, Sodenberg R, Rosenblatt RA. Rural inpatient pediatrics: pediatricians and family physicians. Working Paper #35. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1995.

Melzer SM, Grossman DC, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Hospital services for rural children in Washington State. Pediatrics. Feb 1997;99(2):196-203. Access from Pediatrics.

Morrill R, Cromartie J, Hart LG. Metropolitan, urban, and rural commuting areas: toward a better depiction of the US settlement system. Urban Geog. 1999;20(8):727-748. Access from Urban Geography.

Muus KJ, Geller JM, Ludtke RL, et al. Comparing urban and rural primary care PAs: implications for recruitment. J Am Acad Physician Assist. 1996;9(8):49-60.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Local access to obstetric care in rural areas: effect on prenatal care, birth outcomes, and costs. Working Paper #23. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 1993.

Nesbitt TS, Larson EH, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Access to maternity care in rural Washington: its effect on neonatal outcomes and resource use. Am J Public Health. Jan 1997;87(1):85-90. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Norris TE, Reese JW, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Are rural family physicians comfortable performing cesarean sections? J Fam Pract. Nov 1996;43(5):455-460. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Norris TE, Reese JW, Rosenblatt RA. Are rural family physicians comfortable performing cesarean sections? Working Paper #37. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1996.

Norris TE. Telemedicine and telehealth service. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

On-Line Atlas of International Medical Graduates. Click here to view the Atlas.

Pan S, Geller JM, Muus KJ, Hart LG. Predicting the degree of rurality of physician assistant practice location. Hosp Health Serv Adm. Spring 1996;41(1):105-119. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare family medicine physicians for rural practice. Poster presented at Tenth Annual AAMC Health Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, May 1, 2014.

Patterson DG, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S, Morrison C, Schmitz D, Longenecker R, Skillman SM. Residency training to prepare future rural family physicians. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Bolton PA, Williams I. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/14/12.

Patterson DG, Fordyce MA, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The pre-hospital emergency medical services workforce in rural areas: results from a survey in nine states. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 36th Annual Rural Health Conference, Louisville, Kentucky, 5/8/13.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. States' strategies for recruiting physicians through the Conrad State 30 J-1 Visa Waiver Program. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural and underserved areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/24/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad 30 program. Presented at Department of Family Medicine Grand Rounds, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 6/1/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas through the Conrad State 30 program. Presented at 8th Annual Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Research Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Berry C, Daniel C. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Patterson DG, Keppel G, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The influence of state policies and practices on J-1 visa waiver physicians' service in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/30/11.

Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #3: building and maintaining the rural health workforce: resources and strategies. Policy Brief #146.3. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Family medicine Rural Training Tracks: residency models and graduate outcomes. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes, 2008-2012. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL Jr, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural Training Track research update. Presented at 2013 Rural Training Track (RTT) Conclave Conference, Boise, Idaho, 2/28/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Poster presented at AcademyHealth 2013 Annual Research Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/23/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural residency training for family medicine physicians: early-career outcomes. Presented at Ninth Annual AAMC Physician Workforce Research Conference, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/2/13.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: training physicians for rural practice: capitalizing on local expertise to strengthen rural primary care. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2011. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips Jr RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Policy brief: rural residency training for family medicine physicians: graduate early-career outcomes. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 2012 (revised). Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at National Rural Health Association 35th Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/18/12.

Patterson DG, Longenecker R, Schmitz D, Xierali IM, Phillips RL, Skillman SM, Doescher MP. Rural training track characteristics and graduates' early-career outcomes. Presented at Second Annual Rural Training Track Conclave, Omaha, Nebraska, 3/1/12.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. Physician rural tracks: graduate update. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 23, 2014.

Patterson DG, Schmitz D. RTT Technical Assistance data component update. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 17, 2014.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #2: the rural health workforce in the WWAMI states: by the numbers. Policy Brief #146.2. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM, Robinson A, Wingrove G. Discussion of opportunities identified to advance community paramedicine and conduct research to build the evidence base from the National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine. Presented at Ninth International Roundtable on Community Paramedicine, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, United Kingdom, 5/22/13.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. A national agenda for community paramedicine research. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. Community paramedicine research agenda. Presented at National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine, Atlanta, Georgia, 10/2/12.

Patterson DG, Skillman SM. National Consensus Conference on Community Paramedicine: summary of an expert meeting. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 2013. Full report.

Patterson DG. Current health workforce research at the WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Juneau, Alaska, 7/28/11.

Patterson DG. Community paramedicine: a rural Triple Aim strategy. Recent developments, opportunities, and resources. Presented at National Rural Health Association 37th Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 24, 2014.

Patterson DP. The contributions of international medical graduates to healthcare for rural and underserved populations: a reference list, 2000-2010. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 2010. Reference list.

Pirani MJ, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Physician perspectives on the causes of rural hospital closure, 1980-1988. J Am Board Fam Pract. Nov-Dec 1993;6(6):556-562. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM, Kronick R, Straw R. New frontiers in health workforce research: rethinking the data infrastructure. Presented at 2010 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, 6/27/10.

Pittman P, Moore JM, Salsberg E, Skillman SM. A vision for improved health workforce data. Presented at 2010 Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Arlington, Virginia, 5/5/10.

Rosenblatt RA, Andrilla CHA, Curtin T, Hart LG. Shortages of medical personnel at community health centers: implications for planned expansion. JAMA. Mar 1 2006;295(9):1042-1049. Access from JAMA.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. The quality of care received by diabetic patients in Washington State: a rural-urban comparison. Working Paper #59. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2000. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Chan L, et al. Improving the quality of outpatient care for older patients with diabetes: lessons from a comparison of rural and urban communities. J Fam Pract. Aug 2001;50(8):676-680. Access from Journal of Family Practice.

Rosenblatt RA, Bovbjerg RR, Whelan A, Baldwin LM, Hart LG, Long C. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis. The case of the WAMI states. West J Med. Jun 1991;154(6):693-699. Access from PubMed Central.

Rosenblatt RA, Chen FM, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The future of family medicine and implications for rural primary care physician supply. Final Report #125. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Aug 2010. Full report. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Dawson AJ, Larson EH, et al. A comparison of the investment in hospital-based obstetrical ultrasound in Wales and Washington State. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1995;11(3):571-584. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Project summary: will rural family medicine residency training survive? Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Jan 2007. Policy brief.

Rosenblatt RA, Hagopian A, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. Will rural family medicine residency training survive? Fam Med. Nov-Dec 2006;38(10):705-711. Access from Family Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Chapter 3: physicians and rural America. In: Ricketts TC, ed. Rural health in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. J Am Board Fam Pract. Jan-Feb 1996;9(1):23-30. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Shreffler J, Pirani MJ, Larson EH, Hart LG. Beyond retention: National Health Service Corps participation and subsequent practice locations of a cohort of rural family physicians. Working Paper #33. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1995.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders G, Tressler C, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. Do rural hospitals have less obstetric technology than their urban counterparts? A statewide study. Working Paper #20. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 1993.

Rosenblatt RA, Saunders GR, Tressler CJ, Larson EH, Nesbitt TS, Hart LG. The diffusion of obstetric technology into rural U.S. hospitals. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. Summer 1994;10(3):479-489. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CH, Chen FM. Family medicine training in rural areas. JAMA. Sep 4 2002;288(9):1063-1064. Access from JAMA.

Rosenblatt RA, Schneeweiss R, Hart LG, Casey S, Andrilla CHA, Chen FM. Family medicine residency training in rural areas: how much is taking place, and is it enough to prepare a future generation of rural family physicians? Working Paper #69. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Mar 2002. Full report.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, et al. Are rural family physicians less likely to stop practicing obstetrics than their urban counterparts: the impact of malpractice claims. Working Paper #7. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Weitkamp G, Lloyd M, Schafer B, Winterscheid LC, Hart LG. Why do physicians stop practicing obstetrics? The impact of malpractice claims. Obstet Gynecol. Aug 1990;76(2):245-250. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG, Long C, Baldwin LM, Bovbjerg RR. Tort reform and the obstetric access crisis: the case of the WAMI states. Working Paper #8. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jun 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Rural obstetrical access in Washington State: have we attained equilibrium? Working Paper #6. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1990.

Rosenblatt RA, Whelan A, Hart LG. Obstetric practice patterns in Washington State after tort reform: has the access problem been solved? Obstet Gynecol. Dec 1990;76(6):1105-1110. Abstract available from Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. The effect of federal grants on medical schools' production of primary care physicians. Am J Public Health. Mar 1993;83(3):322-328. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Rosenblatt RA, Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Lishner DM, Hart LG. Which medical schools produce rural physicians? JAMA. Sep 23-30 1992;268(12):1559-1565. Abstract available from JAMA.

Rosenblatt RA, Wright GE, Baldwin LM, et al. The effect of the doctor-patient relationship on emergency department use among the elderly. Am J Public Health. Jan 2000;90(1):97-102. Access from American Journal of Public Health.

Rosenblatt RA. The health of rural people and the communities and environments in which they work. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Rural Assistance Center and Lewin Group, with assistance from the University of Washington Rural Health Research Center. Economic Impact Analysis Tool. Click here to view the Economic Impact Analysis Tool home page.

Saver BG, Bowman R, Crittenden RA, Maudlin RK, Hart LG. Barriers to residency training of physicians in rural areas. Working Paper #46. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1998.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to rural perinatal care: a case study of the access to maternity care committee in Washington State. Working Paper #5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 1989.

Schleuning D, Rice G, Rosenblatt RA. Addressing barriers to perinatal care: a case study of the Access to Maternity Care Committee in Washington State. Public Health Rep. Jan-Feb 1991;106(1):47-52. Access from PubMed Central.

Schmitz D, Patterson DG, Deutchman M. Promoting medical education scholarship in rural places. Presented at RTT Annual Conclave, Athens, OH, April 16, 2014.

Schneeweiss R, Rosenblatt RA, Dovey S, et al. The effects of the 1997 Balanced Budget Act on family practice residency training programs. Fam Med. Feb 2003;35(2):93-99. Access from Family Medicine.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Kaplan L, Doescher M. Outpatient productivity and practice characteristics of rural primary care nurse practitioners in states with varying physician oversight regulations. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Fenton SH, Ostergard SJ. Health information technology workforce needs of rural primary care practices. J Rural Health, in press.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S, Fenton S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, 6/22/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at 26th Annual Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/21/13.

Skillman SM, Andrilla CHA, Patterson DG, Ostergard S. Building the health information technology (HIT) workforce for rural primary care practices. Presented at State Offices of Rural Health Region D Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, 4/30/13.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Mouradian WE, Brunson DK. The challenge to delivering oral health services in rural America. J Public Health Dent. Jun 2010;70(S1):S49-S57. Access from Journal of Public Health Dentistry.

Skillman SM, Doescher MP, Rosenblatt RA. Policy brief: threats to the future supply of rural registered nurses. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2009. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Andrilla CHA, Ostergard S., Patterson DG. Support for rural recruitment and practice among U.S. nurse practitioner education programs. Policy Brief #147. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, May 2014. Full report

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP (presenter). Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Rural Health Conference, Denver, Colorado, 4/17/12.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Final Report #137. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Kaplan L, Fordyce MA, McMenamin PD, Doescher MP. Understanding advanced practice registered nurse distribution in urban and rural areas of the United States using National Provider Identifier data. Presented at Association of American Medical Colleges Physician Workforce Conference, Washington, DC, 5/3/12.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Institute of Medicine Workshop on Allied Health Workforce and Services, Washington, DC, 5/9/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel G, Patterson D, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Presented at Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/27/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas of the United States. Final Report #136. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Seattle, Washington, 6/12/11.

Skillman SM, Keppel GA, Patterson DG, Doescher MP. The contributions of community colleges to the education of allied health professionals in rural areas. Poster presented at National Rural Health Association 34th Annual Rural Health Conference, Austin, Texas, 5/5/11.

Skillman SM, O'Halloran R, Kuebel H, Fulcher R, Adams E. Community colleges' contributions to health workforce development in rural communities: what are the best practices and how do we know them when we see them? Presented at 2010 National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Savannah, Georgia, 5/21/10.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Characteristics of rural RNs who live and work in different communities. Final Report #133. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 2012. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Fordyce M, Doescher MP, Butterfield P. Factors associated with rural-residing RNs' choices to work in larger rural and urban areas, presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Washington, DC, 6/9/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG, Butterfield P. Changes in the rural registered nurse workforce from 1980 to 2004. Final Report #115. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Oct 2007. Full report. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, poster presented at National Rural Health Association Annual Meeting, Anchorage, Alaska, 5/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at 20th Annual Northwest Regional Health Conference, Spokane, Washington, 3/22/07.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Office of Rural Health Policy and Division of Nursing, HRSA, Rockville, Maryland, 6/10/08.

Skillman SM, Palazzo L, Hart LG. Rural RNs in the U.S. since 1980, presented at Rural Nurse Conference, Richland, Washington, 6/07.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Andrilla CHA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #5: health workforce assessment: tools for policymakers and planners. Policy Brief #146.5. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP, Fordyce MA. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #4: what is rural in the WWAMI States? Why definitions matter. Policy Brief #146.4. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG, Lishner DM, Doescher MP. The rural health workforce: data and issues for policymakers in Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho. Issue #1: the rural health workforce: challenges and opportunities. Policy Brief #146.1. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jul 2013. Policy brief.

Skillman SM, Patterson DG. Access to home health care in rural areas: what are the hurdles and how do we get over them? Presented at the 27th Northwest Regional Rural Health Conference, Spokane, WA, March 20, 2014.

Skillman SM, Phippen E. Washington's health workforce: challenges and promising practices. Presented at St. Francis Hospital Leadership Retreat, Lakewold Gardens, Gravelly Lake, Washington, 7/11/12.

Skillman SM. How to find and use health workforce data on state health workforce supply and distribution. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/15/12.

Skillman SM. Issues in assessing the rural and primary care workforce. Presented at HRSA National Center for Health Workforce Analysis Meeting: Best Practices in State Health Workforce Data and Planning, Alexandria, Virginia, 5/16/12.

Skillman SM. Policy implications of primary care practice redesign with and without payment reform: summation panel. Presented at The Primary Care Workforce Crisis: Driving Health Policy Change through Innovation, Seattle, Washington, 5/25/11.

Skillman SM. Solving state health workforce planning: factors to consider and ideas from other states. Presented at West Virginia Rural Health Conference, The Resort at Glade Springs, Daniels, West Virginia, 11/14/12.

Skillman SM. Studies of access to care: University of Washington Rural Health Research Center and Center for Health Workforce Studies. Presented at Measuring Healthcare Access--Washington State Interagency Idea Exchange, Olympia, Washington, 8/21/08.

Skillman SM. The right mix: linking the workforce to patient and health outcomes. Moderator of session at AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 6/28-30/09.

Skillman SM. The rural health workforce: building on what we know. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health, National Workforce Summit, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/19/09.

Skillman SM. Update: University of Washington WWAMI Rural Health Research Center. Presented at National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health Region E Meeting, Laramie, Wyoming, 8/20/09.

Skillman SM. Washington's health workforce: What do we know? What can we know? Presented at Healthcare Leadership Workforce Summit: Envisioning the Future, Planning for Change, Bellingham, Washington, 5/23/12.

Skillman SM. Wyoming Healthcare Commission workforce project: the role of the University of Washington (WWAMI) Center for Health Workforce Studies and Rural Health Research Center. Presented to Wyoming Healthcare Commission, Cheyenne, Wyoming, 10/13/08.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Working Paper #77. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; May 2004. Full report.

Thompson MJ, Lynge DC, Larson EH, Tachawachira P, Hart LG. Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America. Arch Surg. Jan 2005;140(1):74-79. Access from Archives of Surgery.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission following surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Working Paper #10. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1991.

Welch HG, Larson EH, Hart LG, Rosenblatt RA. Readmission after surgery in Washington State rural hospitals. Am J Public Health. Mar 1992;82(3):407-411. Abstract available from American Journal of Public Health.

Welch HG, Larson EH. Patients requiring at least five admissions in 1 year. Data from Washington State. Med Care. Jun 1991;29(6):578-582. Access from Medical Care.

West P, Norris TE, Gore E, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. Working Paper #31. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Feb 1995.

West PA, Norris TE, Gore EJ, Baldwin LM, Hart LG. The geographic and temporal patterns of residency-trained family physicians: University of Washington Family Practice Residency Network. J Am Board Fam Pract. Mar-Apr 1996;9(2):100-108. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Whelan AR. Geographical aspects of obstetrical care in Washington State. Master of Arts thesis. Seattle, WA: University of Washington; 1989.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Comparing the characteristics of schools that produce high percentages and low percentages of primary care physicians. Acad Med. Sep 1992;67(9):587-591. Abstract available from Academic Medicine.

Whitcomb ME, Cullen TJ, Hart LG, Lishner DM, Rosenblatt RA. Impact of federal funding for primary care medical education on medical student specialty choices and practice locations: 1976-1985. Working Paper #13. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1991.

Williams R, House P. Community oriented primary care and rural services development. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural surgical services: where does the buck stop? Working Paper #21. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 1993.

Williamson H, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital surgical volume: cutting edge service or operating on the margin? Working Paper #19. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Jan 1993.

Williamson H, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. Working Paper #15. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Sep 1991.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Market shares for rural inpatient surgical services: where does the buck stop? J Rural Health. Spring 1994;10(2):70-79. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA Jr, Hart LG, Pirani MJ, Rosenblatt RA. Rural hospital inpatient surgical volume: cutting-edge service or operating on the margin? J Rural Health. Winter 1994;10(1):16-25. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Williamson HA, Rosenblatt RA, Hart LG. Physician staffing of small rural hospital emergency departments: rapid change and escalating cost. J Rural Health. Summer 1992;8(3):171-177. Abstract available from National Library of Medicine.

Wright GE, Andrilla CHA, Hart LG. How many physicians can a rural community support? A practice income potential model for Washington State. Working Paper #45. Seattle, WA: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington; Apr 2001. Full report.

Wright GE. The economics of rural practice. In: Geyman JP, Norris TE, Hart LG, eds. Textbook of rural medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center and five collaborating centers. Rural Hospital Flexibility Program Tracking Project Year 02 report. Seattle, WA: Author; 2001.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: access to cancer services for rural colorectal cancer patients. Seattle, WA: Author; Oct 2007. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: dentist vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author, Dec 2005. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: family physician vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Nov 2005. Policy brief.

WWAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington. Project summary: registered nurse vacancies in federally funded health centers. Seattle, WA: Author; Dec 2006. Policy brief.