An American Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and Mortality under the War on Poverty
Martha J. Bailey is an assistant professor in the department of economics and a research affiliate at the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan and a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Her work has examined the importance of changes in contraceptive technology for women’s childbearing and career decisions and the determinants of the U.S. baby boom. Her most recent projects focus on evaluating the shorter and longer-term effects of federal programs under the War on Poverty. Her WCPC funded paper uses the initial roll out of the Neighborhood Health Center program (NHC) under the War on Poverty to evaluate its effects on mortality. She proposes to use a unique dataset of grants made by the Office of Economic Opportunity and information on county level mortality generated from Vital Statistics data on the universe of deaths from 1959-1988. This dataset will allow for novel empirical strategy to control for a variety of potentially confounding policies. The aims are two fold: estimate nationally representative, causal estimates of the NHC program’s effects on mortality, examine regional heterogeneity in NHCs effects by race, age and cause of death.