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A Wakashan bibliography

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Overview

This is a more or less comprehensive bibliography of references on Wakashan languages and linguistics, plus a few other useful works. We have built it according to the following criteria:

Please contact one of the administrators with any new references, corrections, or questions.

Other bibliographies

These are some sources that either are, or include, partial bibliographies on Wakashan languages and linguistics. Some can be accessed through the web, and most are described in greater detail in our own bibliography.

A Wakashan bibliography

Adler, Fred W. 1961. A Bibliographical Checklist of Chimakuan, Kutenai, Ritwan, Salishan, and Wakashan Linguistics. International Journal of American Linguistics 27:3. 198-210.

Anderson, Stephen R. 1984. Kwakwala Syntax and the Government-Binding Theory. Eung-Do Cook and Donna B. Gerdts, eds. Syntax and Semantics, vol. 16: The Syntax of Native American Languages. Orlando, FL: Academic Press. 21-75.

Anderson, Stephen R. 2005. Aspects of the Theory of Clitics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Anonby, Stan J. 1997. Reversing Language Shift: Can Kwak'wala be Revived? University of North Dakota MA thesis.

Arima, Eugene and John Dewhirst. 1990. Nootkans of Vancouver Island. Wayne Suttles, ed. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 7: Northwest Coast. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 391-411.

Arima, E.Y., Denis St. Claire, Louis Clamhouse, Joshua Edgar, Charles Jones, and John Thomas. 1991. Between Ports Alberni and Renfrew: Notes on West Coast Peoples. Canadian Ethnology Service Paper 121. Hull, QC: Canadian Museum of Civilization.

Bach, Emmon. 1970. Some notes on Xa'isla. Papaers for the 5th International Conference on Salish Languages. Gonzaga University ms.

Bach, Emmon. 1975. Long Vowels and Stress in Kwakiutl. Texas Linguistic Forum 2. 9-19.

Bach, Emmon. 1990. Stem Extensions in Haisla. Papers for the 25th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms. 1-15.

Bach, Emmon. 1996. On the Grammar of Complex Words. Anna-Maria Di Sciullo, ed. Configurations: Essays on Structure and Interpretation. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. 1-16.

Bach, Emmon. 1996. Word-Internal Semantic Relations in Wakashan. Clifford S. Burgess, ed. Grammatical Relations: Theoretical Approaches to Empirical Questions. Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information. 1-14.

Bach, Emmon. 2006. Paradigm Regained: Deixis in Northern Wakashan. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics 14. 267-281.

Bach, Emmon. A Checklist of Materials on Northern Wakashan. http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~ebach/papers/nwakbbl.htm

Bach, Emmon, Darin Howe, and Patricia A. Shaw. 2005. On epenthesis and moraicity in Northern Wakashan. 7 January 2005, Oakland, CA: Annual Meeting of the the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas handout.

Bach, Emmon, Dora Robinson, and Rose Robinson. Wisenis Xa'islak'ala: Beginning Haisla Lessons. www.people.umass.edu/ebach/opening.htm

Bagemihl, Bruce. 1991. Syllable Structure in Bella Coola. Linguistic Inquiry 22:4. 589-646.

Barrett, Benjamin J. 2007. Summary of qʷiˑqʷiˑdiččaq (Makah) attitudinal pilot study. Kristín M. Johannsdóttir and Martin A. Oberg, eds. Papers for the 42nd International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 1-27.

Beck, David. 2000. Bella Coola and North Wakashan: Convergence and Diversity in the Northwest Coast Sprachbund. Dicky Gilbers, ed. Languages in Contact. Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 37-53.

Beck, David. 2000. Grammatical Convergence and the Genesis of Diversity in the Northwest Coast Sprachbund. Anthropological Linguistics 42:2. 147-213.

Beck, David. 2000. Grammatical convergences in Bella Coola (Nuxalk) and North Wakashan. Suzanne Gessner and Sunyoung Oh, eds. Papers for the 35th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 19-48.

Beck, David. 2002. Tsimshianic from a Central Northwest areal perspective: I*. Carrie Gillon, Naomi Sawai, and Rachel Wojdak, eds. Papers for the 37th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 35-60.

Berman, Judith. 1982. Deictic Auxiliaries and Discourse Marking in Kwakwala Narrative. Papers for the 17th International Conference on Salish Languages. Portland State University ms.

Berman, Judith. 1983. Three Discourse Elements in Boas' Kwak'wala Texts. Papers for the 18th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Working Papers in Linguistics. 1-52.

Berman, Judith. 1989. The origin of herring: A reexamination of an 1894 Kwak'wala text. Papers for the 24th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Steilacoom, WA ms.

Berman, Judith. 1990. Notes on shape-classification in Kwak'wala. Papers for the 25th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms.

Berman, Judith. 1991. The production of the Boas-Hunt Kwak'wala texts. Papers for the 26th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms.

Berman, Judith. 1991. The seals' sleeping cave: The interpretation of Boas' Kwak'wala texts. University of Pennsylvania PhD dissertation.

Berman, Judith. 1992. Oolachan-Woman's Robe: Fish, Blankets, Masks, and Meaning in Boas's Kwakw'ala Texts. Brian Swann, ed. On the Translation of Native American Literatures. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 125-162.

Berman, Judith. 1994. George Hunt and the Kwak'wala Texts. Anthropological Linguistics 36:4. 483-514.

Berman, Judith. 1997. George Hunt and The Social Organization and the Secret Societies of the Kwakiutl Indians. Papers for the 32nd International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Port Angeles, WA: Peninsula College ms.

Boas, Franz. 1891. Second General Report on the Indians of British Columbia. Report of the 60th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. London: John Murray. 562-715.

Boas, Franz. 1900. Sketch of the Kwakiutl Language. American Anthropologist, New Series 2:4. 708-721.

Boas, Franz. 1921. Ethnology of the Kwakiutl: Based on Data Collected by George Hunt. F.W. Hodge, ed. Thirty-Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution: 1913-1914 (two volumes). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. 43-794, 795-1481.

Boas, Franz. 1928. Bella Bella Texts. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Boas, Franz. 1932. Bella Bella Tales. New York, NY: The American Folk-Lore Society. Republished 1973. Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint Co.

Boas, Franz (Helene Boas Yampolsky, ed.). 1947. Kwakiutl Grammar with a Glossary of the Suffixes. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 37. 202-377. Republished 1976. New York, NY: AMS Press Inc.

Boas, Franz (Helene Boas Yampolsky, ed.). 1948. Kwakiutl Dictionary. Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society ms.

Boas, Franz (Helen Codere, ed.). 1966. Kwakiutl Ethnography. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Boas, Franz and George Hunt. 1902. Kwakiutl Texts (two volumes). Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History 5. 1-270, 271-402.

Bouchard, Randy. 1970. Suggested Salish Practical Orthography. Victoria, BC: BC Indian Language Project ms.

Bouchard, Randy. 1970. Practical Orthography: Some Observations. Victoria, BC: BC Indian Language Project ms.

Bouchard, Randy. 1970-1977. How to Write series (primers and tape recordings for the Bella Coola, Mainland Comox, Sechelt, Squamish, Halkomelem, Straits Salish, Lillooet, Okanagan, Shuswap, Thompson River Salish, and Haida languages). Victoria, BC: BC Indian Language Project ms.

Bouchard, Randy. 1971. A Proposed Practical Orthography for Nootka-Nitinat. Victoria, BC: BC Indian Language Project ms. Published 1981. David W. Ellis and Luke Swan. Teachings of the Tides: Uses of Marine Invertebrates by the Manhousaht People. Nanaimo, BC: Theytus Books. 106-108. Republished 1982. Alan McMillan and Denis St. Claire. Alberni Prehistory: Archaeological and Ethnographic Investigations on Western Vancouver Island. Port Alberni and Penticton, BC: Alberni Valley Museum and Theytus Books. 137-138.

Bouchard, Randy. 1974. A Proposed Writing System for the Nitinat Language. Victoria, BC: BC Indian Language Project ms.

Bouchard, Randy. 1993-1994, 2002. How to Write the Ditidaht Language (primer and lessons 1-12). Victoria, BC: BC Indian Language Project ms.

Braithwaite, Ben. 2003. Syntactic approaches to possessive constructions in Nuuchahnulth. J.C. Brown and Michele Kalmar, eds. Papers for the 38th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 7-22.

Barry F. Carlson, ed. Northwest Coast Texts. International Journal of American Linguistics Native American Texts Series 2:3. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Carlson, Barry F. and John H. Esling. 2003. Phonetics and physiology of the historical shift of uvulars to pharyngeals in Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka). Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33:2. 183-193.

Carlson, Barry F., John H. Esling, and Katie Fraser. 2001. Nuuchahnulth. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 31:2. 275-279.

Carlson, Barry F. and John Thomas. 1979. The Nitinaht Inferential. Anthropological Linguistics 21:7. 317-327.

Chung, Yunhee. 2007. The internal structure of the Kwak'wala nominal domain. Kristín M. Johannsdóttir and Martin A. Oberg, eds. Papers for the 42nd International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 101-118.

Clamhouse, Louis, Joshua Edgar, Charles Jones, John Thomas, and E.Y. Arima. 1991. From Barkley Sound Southeast. E.Y. Arima, Denis St. Claire, Louis Clamhouse, Joshua Edgar, Charles Jones, and John Thomas. Between Ports Alberni and Renfrew: Notes on West Coast Peoples. Canadian Ethnology Service Paper 121. Hull, QC: Canadian Museum of Civilization. 203-315.

Codere, Helen. 1990. Kwakiutl: Traditional Culture. Wayne Suttles, ed. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 7: Northwest Coast. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 359-377.

Colarusso, John. 1985. Pharyngeals and Pharyngealization in Salishan and Wakashan. International Journal of American Linguistics 51:4. 366-368.

Compton, Brian D. 1991. It pulls everything to you: North Wakashan herbal talismans. Papers for the 26th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms.

Compton, Brian and John Rath. 1988. The translation of the name 'Kwakiutl'. Papers for the 23rd International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of Oregon ms.

Cook, Eung-Do and Darin Howe. Chapter 9: Aboriginal languages of Canada. W. O’Grady and J. Archibald, eds. Contemporary Linguistic Analysis, 5th edition. Toronto: Addison Wesley Longman. 294-309.

Copeland, A. M. 1983. Simplifications in the Babytalk Register: A Look at Nootka Examples. Victoria, BC: Working Papers of the Linguistic Circle of the University of Victoria 3:1. 1-13.

Croes, Dale R. 1978. An Analysis of Kwakiutl Plant Terms. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 12. 178-196.

Davidson, Matthew. 2002. Studies in Southern Wakashan (Nootkan) Grammar. University of New York at Buffalo PhD dissertation.

Davidson, Matthew and Adam Werle. 2010. Makah texts and analysis. Joel Dunham and John Lyon, eds. Papers for the 45th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 140-154.

Davis, Henry and Naomi Sawai. 2001. WH-Movement as Noun Incorporation in Nuu-chah-nulth. Karine Megerdoomian, ed. Proceedings of the 20th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. 123-136.

Davis, Henry and Rachel Wojdak. 2007. Southern Wakashan: Descriptive and Theoretical Perspectives. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 52:1/2. 1-18.

Davis, Henry, Ryan Waldie, and Rachel Wojdak. 2007. Condition C Effects in Nuu-chah-nulth. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 52:1/2. 185-222.

Denny, J. Peter. 1982. Another Failure of Transcontinental Algonquian. Algonquian and Iroquoian Linguistics 7:1. 10.

Dick, Mary (ʔənica), Freda Shaughnessy, and Peter Wilson. 1977. q̓iq̓əmdəm qe da kodayu: Songs for the Cat's Cradle Game. Papers for the 12th International Conference on Salish Languages. Colville, WA: Colville Federated Tribes. 91-110.

Emanatian, Michele. 1988. The Nootka Passive Revisited. William Shipley, ed. In Honor of Mary Haas: From the Haas Festival Conference on Native American Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 265-291.

Embleton, Sheila M. 1985. Lexicostatistics Applied to the Germanic, Romance, and Wakashan Families. WORD: Journal of the International Linguistic Association 36:1. 37-60.

First Peoples' Language Map of British Columbia. First Peoples' Heritage, Language and Culture Council. maps.fphlcc.ca/fphlcc

FirstVoices. First Peoples' Heritage, Language and Culture Council. www.firstvoices.ca

Flynn, Darin M. 2002. Alignment in Nootkan Prosodic Morphology. 15 February 2002: University of Alberta colloquium handout.

Flynn, Darin. 2007. Default [a] in North Wakashan Prosodic Morphology. 30 March 2007, University of Lethbridge: 12th Workshop on Structure and Constituency in Languages of the Americas handout.

Fortescue, Michael. 2006. The Origins of the Wakashan Classificatory Verbs of Location and Handling. Anthropological Linguistics 48:3. 266-287.

Fortescue, Michael. 2007. Comparative Wakashan Dictionary. Munich: LINCOM Europa.

Gamble, Geoffrey. 1977. Nootkan Glottalized Resonants in Nitinat: A Case of Lexical Diffusion. William S-Y. Wang, ed. The Lexicon in Phonological Change. The Hague: Mouton Publishers. 266-278.

Gill, Steven J. and Ann M. Renker. 1985. Makah Botanical Nomenclature - An Analysis of Taxonomy and Meaning. Papers for the 20th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms.

Gill, Steven J. and Ann Renker. 1992. From phoneme to text: An overview of Makah. G. P. Buchholtzer, ed. Amerindian languages and informatics: The Pacific Northwest. / Langues amerindiennes et informatique: Le Pacifique Nord-Ouest: Vol. 7. Amérindia, numéro spécial. 185–205.

Goodfellow, Anne Marie. 2000. Language, Culture, and Identity: Social and Cultural Aspects of Language Change in Two Kwak'wala-Speaking Communities. University of British Columbia PhD dissertation.

Goodfellow, Anne Marie. 2005. Talking in Context: Language and Identity in Kwakwaka'wakw Society. Montreal, QC: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Grubb, David McClintock. 1969. A Kwakiutl Phonology. University of Victoria MA thesis.

Grubb, David McC. 1972. Appendix I: Key to the Pronunciation of Kwakiutl Words. Pages 303-304 of Nancy J. Turner and Marcus A.M. Bell. The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Economic Botany 27:3. 257-310.

Grubb, David McC. 1972. How to Write Kwak’wala. Victoria, BC ms.

Grubb, David McC. 1974. The Position of /ə/ in the Phonology of Kwakw'ala and its Use in the Orthography Together with a Linguistic Key to the Alphabet. Papers for the 9th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of British Columbia ms. 39-48.

Grubb, David McC. 1977. A Practical Writing System and Short Dictionary of Kwakw'ala (Kwakiutl). Canadian Ethnology Service Paper 34. Ottawa, ON: National Museums of Canada.

Haas, Mary R. 1968. Internal Reconstruction of the Nootka-Nitinat Pronominal Suffixes. Papers for the 3rd International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Victoria ms. Published 1969. International Journal of American Linguistics 35:2. 108-124.

Haas, Mary R. 1969. Stem Extenders in Nootka-Nitinat. Papers for the 4th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Victoria ms.

Haas, Mary R. 1972. The Structure of Stems and Roots in Nootka-Nitinat. International Journal of American Linguistics 38:2. 83-92.

Haas, Mary R. 1979. Overview. Barbara S. Efrat, ed. The Victoria Conference on Northwestern Languages. British Columbia Provincial Museum Heritage Record no. 4. Victoria, BC: British Columbia Provincial Museum. 1-14.

Hamori-Torok, Charles. 1990. Haisla. Wayne Suttles, ed. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 7: Northwest Coast. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 306-311.

Hamp, Eric P. 1970. On Mountains among the Kwakiutl. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Onomastic Sciences. Herwig H. Hornung, ed. Disputationes ad montium vocabula aliorumque nominum significationes pertinentes. Vienna: Verlag der Wiener Medizinischen Akademie. 131-135.

Herzog, George, Stanley S. Newman, Edward Sapir, Mary Haas, Morris Swadesh, and Charles F. Voegelin. 1934. Some orthographic recommendations. American Anthropologist, New Series 36. 629-631.

Hess, Thom. 1986. A Note on Nitinaht Numerals. Papers for the 21st International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Working Papers in Linguistics.

Hilton, Susanne and John Rath. 1982. Objections to Franz Boas's referring to eating people in the translation of Kwakwala terms 'bax̣ubakwālanux̣sīwē' and 'hamats!a'. Papers for the 17th International Conference on Salish Languages. Portland State University ms.

Hilton, Susanne F. 1990. Haihais, Bella Bella, and Oowekeeno. Wayne Suttles, ed. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 7: Northwest Coast. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 312-322.

Hoard, James E. 1978. Syllabification in Northwest Indian Languages, with Remarks on the Nature of Syllabic Stops and Affricates. Alan Bell and Joan Bybee Hooper, eds. Syllables and Segments. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company. 59-72.

Hofmann, Erica. 1984. Intonation in Kyuquot: A Scratch on the Surface. Victoria, BC: Working Papers of the Linguistic Circle of the University of Victoria 4:1. 41-57.

Holm, Bill. 1990. Kwakiutl: Winter Ceremonies. Wayne Suttles, ed. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 7: Northwest Coast. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 378-386.

Howe, Darin. 1996. Lenition and Glottalization in Nuu-chah-nulth. Papers for the 31st International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms.

Howe, Darin. 2000. Oowekyala Segmental Phonology. University of British Columbia PhD dissertation.

Howe, Darin M. 2001. Syllabic obstruents in Oowekyala. 6 July 2001, University of California, Santa Barbara: Workshop on American Indian Languages handout.

Howe, Darin. 2004. Segmental features in Heiltsuk tone. 8 January 2004, Boston, MA: Annual Meeting of the the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas handout.

Howe, Darin and Douglas Pulleyblank. 2001. Patterns and timing of glottalisation. Phonology 18:1. 45-80.

Hupacasath First Nation. 2006. Qʷi qʷiitaqckʷiiʔitqʔała ʔuʔuuštaq ʔuʔuʔiiḥ qʷiʔiisʔaqƛʔitq haʔuk ʔaḥʔaaʔaƛ ʕasy̓akʷiił hamumtḥin: What the Hupač̓asatḥ Did During the Four Seasons, How They Worked on Getting Food, and Tools Made from Bones. Port Alberni, BC: Hupacasath First Nation.

International Phonetic Association. 1999. Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1968. Origin of the Nootka Pharyngeals. Papers for the 3rd International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Victoria ms. Published 1969. International Journal of American Linguistics 35:2. 125-153.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1969. Labialization in Nootkan. Papers for the 4th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Victoria ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1971. Makah Vowel Insertion and Loss. Papers for the 6th International Conference on Salish Languages. Victoria, BC: British Columbia Provincial Museum ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1973. The Pattern of Makah Pronouns. Papers for the 8th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Oregon ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1978. Makah Vocative Vocalism. Papers for the 13th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Victoria ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1979. Chimakuan Comparative Studies. Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun, eds. The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 791-802.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1979. First Lessons in Makah. Neah Bay, WA: Makah Cultural and Research Center. Republished 1999.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1979. Wakashan Comparative Studies. Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun, eds. The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 766-791.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1979. Noun and Verb in Nootkan. Barbara S. Efrat, ed. The Victoria Conference on Northwestern Languages. British Columbia Provincial Museum Heritage Record no. 4. Victoria, BC: British Columbia Provincial Museum. 83-155.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1986. The Heterogeneity of Evidentials in Makah. Wallace Chafe, ed. Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. 3-28.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1988. A Look at Greenberg's Almosan-Keresiouan Hypothesis. Papers for the 23rd International Conference on Salish and neighbouring Languages. University of Oregon ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1993. Subordination and Cosubordination in Nootka: Clause Combining in a Polysynthetic Verb-Initial Language. Robert D. Van Valin, Jr., ed. Advances in Role and Reference Grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 235-274.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1994. Nootkan Vocative Vocalism and its Implications. Leanne Hinton, Johanna Nichols, and John J. Ohala, eds. Sound Symbolism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 23-39.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1996. 'Hardening' and 'Softening' in Makah. Papers for the 31st International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. University of British Columbia ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1997. Makah Ablaut and Reduplication Patterns. Papers for the 32nd International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Port Angeles, WA: Peninsula College ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1997. Mary R. Haas's Contributions to Wakashan Linguistics. Anthropological Linguistics 39:4. 569-577.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 1999. The Makah Velar Increment. Papers for the 34th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Kamloops, BC ms.

Jacobsen, William H., Jr. 2007. The Subclassification of Southern Wakashan. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 52:1/2.19-41.

Jenkins, Carolyn J. 1981. Nootka and Phonological Theory. State University of New York at Albany MA thesis.

Kalmar, Michele. 2003. Patterns of reduplication in Kwak'wala. University of British Columbia MA thesis.

Kess, Joseph F. and Anita M. Copeland. 1984. The Structure and Function of Nootkan Baby Talk. Victoria, BC: Working Papers of the Linguistic Circle of the University of Victoria 4:1. 8-22.

Kess, Joseph Francis and Anita Copeland Kess. 1986. On Nootka Baby Talk. International Journal of American Linguistics 52:3. 201-211.

Kim, Eun-Sook. 2000. Glottalization in Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka): A module interaction case. Suzanne Gessner and Sunyoung Oh, eds. Papers for the 35th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 107-117.

Kim, Eun-Sook. 2001. Glottalization in Southern Wakashan: a comparative study. Leora Bar-el, Linda Tamburri Watt and Ian Wilson, eds. Papers for the 36th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 175-188.

Kim, Eun-Sook. 2003. Delabialisation in Nuu-chah-nulth. J.C. Brown and Michele Kalmar, eds. Papers for the 38th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 161-173.

Kim, Eun-Sook. 2003. Foot Structure in Nuu-chah-nulth: Reconsidering Foot Typology within OT. Keir Moulton and Matthew Wolf, eds. Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the North East Linguistic Society. Amherst, MA: GLSA. 311-318.

Kim, Eun-Sook. 2003. Patterns of Reduplication in Nuu-chah-nulth. Makoto Kadowaki and Shigeto Kawahara, eds. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the North East Linguistic Society. Amherst, MA: GLSA. 127-146.

Kim, Eun-Sook. 2003. Theoretical issues in Nuu-chah-nulth phonology and morphology. University of British Columbia PhD dissertation.

Kim, Eun-Sook and Douglas Pulleyblank. 2009. Glottalization and Lenition in Nuu-chah-nulth. Linguistic Inquiry 40:4. 567-617.

Kim, Eun-Sook and John Stonham. 2008. Double Reduplication: A dilemma for mono-stratal OT. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. 239-249.

Kim, Eun-Sook and Rachel Wojdak. 2002. A survey of Nuu-chah-nulth reduplication. Carrie Gillon, Naomi Sawai, and Rachel Wojdak, eds. Papers for the the 37th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 189-202.

Kinkade, M. Dale. 1983. More on Nasal Loss on the Northwest Coast. Papers for the 18th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Working Papers in Linguistics. 334-337. Republished 1985. International Journal of American Linguistics 51:4. 478-480.

Kinkade, M. Dale. 1990. History of Research in Linguistics. Wayne Suttles, ed. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 7: Northwest Coast. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 98-106.

Kinkade, M. Dale. 2002. Salish numerals in "Old" Nitinaht. Carrie Gillon, Naomi Sawai, and Rachel Wojdak, eds. Papers for the 37th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics. 203-213.

The Kinkade Collection (two parts). Part I 2005. The Kinkade Collection - 40 years of papers from the International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages: 1967-1987. J.C. Brown, Masaru Kiyota, and Tyler Peterson, eds. Papers for the 40th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. v-xvii. Part II 2006. The Kinkade Collection, Part II: 1988-1999. Masaru Kiyota, James J. Thompson, and Noriko Yamane-Tanaka, eds. Papers for the 41st International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages. vi-xv. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics.

Kirchner, Jesse S. 2007. Cleaning up the Scraps: A New Look at Kwak'wala -m'u:t Reduplication. Phonology at Santa Cruz 2007. Santa Cruz, CA: Linguistics Research Center.

Klokeid, Terry J. 1968. Linguistic Acculturation in Nitinat. Papers for the 3rd International Conference on Salish Languages.

Klokeid, Terry J. 1969. Notes on the Comparison of Wakashan and Salish. Papers for the 4th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Victoria ms. Printed 1969, University of Hawaii Working Papers in Linguistics 7. 1-19.

Klokeid, Terry J. 1972. An Introduction to the West Coast Language of Vancouver Island. MIT ms.

Klokeid, Terry J. 1974. Output Conditions, Semantic Interpretation, and Nitinat Auxiliaries. Papers for the 9th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of British Columbia ms. Printed 1977. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press. 168-195.

Klokeid, Terry J. 1975. The Nitinat Feature System: A Reference Paper. Papers for the 10th International Conference on Salish Languages. Ellensburg, WA: Central Washington State College ms. Published 1977. Robert St. Clair, ed. Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Special Issue. Louisville, KY: University of Louisville Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics. 81-95.

Klokeid, Terry J. 1976. Encliticization in Nitinaht. Papers for the 11th International Conference on Salish Languages. University of Washington ms. Published 1978. Carol M. Eastman and Robert L. Welsch, eds. Seattle, WA: Department of Anthropology, University of Washington. 221-246.

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last updated February 2010