STD Information: Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria transmitted to the vagina, throat or rectum by exchanging infected genital fluids during sex.

  • Symptoms: often none. Occasionally, vaginal discharge—often yellow or yellow-green—and painful urination can occur, as can abnormal bleeding, especially after penetration.
  • Transmission WTW: theoretically possible but not yet studied. 
  • Treatment: Antibiotics (oral:Cefixime, Ciprofloxacin, or Ofloxacin OR Ceftriaxone injection) Persons infected with gonorrhea are also treated for chlamydia.  All partners should be treated.  

Please note that for the purpose of our web site we are focusing primarily on woman to woman transmission (WTW) and only providing a general overview of the infections themselves. You may want to check out our Bibliography and Links sections for more in depth information or contact us with specific questions through STD Q&A's.