STD Information: Hepatitis
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Many potential causes, including drugs, toxins and viruses. Hepatitis A, B, & C are the three major viruses that cause hepatitis.
- Symptoms: Often none. If symptoms do occur may include yellowing of skin & eyes, loss of appetite, nausea, stomach pain, extreme tiredness.
- WTW transmission: Hepatitis A is transmitted by fecal matter either in contaminated food or by oral-anal contact. Transmission between female partners has been reported.
Hepatitis B is transmitted by exchanging blood or body fluids. Touching an infected person's open sore or cut if you yourself have any skin breaks, or sharing a razor, toothbrush or nail clipper, can permit transmission. Even small amounts of blood or other body fluids can spread the virus if direct contact occurs. *Hepatitis A is preventable by vaccination: ask your health provider!
Hepatitis B is not spread by food, water or casual contact. Transmission between female partners has not been studied, but has occurred. *Hepatitis B is preventable by vaccination: ask your health provider!*
Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily through contact with infected blood. Sexual transmission between men and women is relatively uncommon; WTW has not been studied.
- Treatment: A complex issue. See our links for more information.
Please note that for the purpose of our web site we are focusing primarily on woman to woman transmission (WTW) and only providing a general overview of the infections themselves. You may want to check out our Bibliography and Links sections for more in depth information or contact us with specific questions through STD Q&A's.