< Bibliography 1989 and Before
Friday Harbor Laboratories

Bibliography 1989 and Before

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1989

Anderson, P.M. 1989. Glutamine-dependent carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase and other enzyme activities related to the primidine pathway in spleen of Squalus acanthias (spiny dogfish). Biochem. J. 261:523-529.

Arkett,S.A.,F.Chia,J.Goldberg,R.Koss 1989. Identified Settlement receptor Cells in a Nudibranch Veliger Respond to Specific Cue. Biol. Bulletin. 176: 155-160.

Best, B.A. 1989. Passive suspension feeding in a sea pen: Effects of ambient flow on volume flow rate and filtering efficiency. Biol. bull. 175:332-342.

Bingham, B.L. and L.J. Walters. 1989. Solitary ascidians as predators of invertebrate larvae: evidence from gut analyses and plankton samples. J. exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 131(2):147-159.

Bollens, S.M. and B.W. Frost. 1989. Predator-induced diel vertical migration in a planktonic copepod. J. of Plankton Research . 11:1047-1065.

Bower, S.M., N. McLean and D.J. Whitaker. 1989. Mechanism of infection by Labyrinthuloides haliotidis (Protozoa: Labyrinthomorpha), a parasite of abalone (Haliotis kamtschetkana) (Mollusca: Gastropoda). J. of Invert. Pathology 53:401-409.

Cameron, J.L. and P.V. Fankboner. 1989. Reproductive biology of the commercial sea cucumber Parastichopus californicus (Stimpson) (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). II. Observations on the ecology of development, recruitment and the juvenile life stage. J. o

Carre, D., C. Carre and C.E. Mills. 1989. Novel cnidocysts of narcomedusae and a medusivorous ctenophore, and confirmation of kleptocnidism. Tissue & Cell. 21:723-734.

Daniel, T.L. and E. Meyhofer. 1989. Size limits in escape locomotion of carridean shrimp. J. exp. Biol. 143:245-265.

Dethier, M.N., D.O. Duggins and T.F. Mumford. 1989. Harvesting of non-traditional marine resources in Washington State: Trends and concerns. The Northwest Environmental Journal 5:71-87.

Dickie, L., M. Hart and R. Helling. 1989. Prefeeding larval development time is not correlated with egg site in regular echinoids (Strongylocentrotus spp.). Int. J. Invert. Reprod. Dev. 15(3):229-232.

Drager, B.J., M.A. Harkey, M. Iwata and A.H. Whitely. 1989. The expression of embryonic primary mesenchyme genes of the sea urchin, Stronylocentrotus purpuratus, in the adult skeletogenic tissues of this and other specieis of echinoderms. Develop. Biol. 133:

Duggins, D.O., C.A. Simenstad and J.A. Estes. 1989. Magnification of secondary production by kelp detritus in coastal marine ecosystems. Science. 245:170-173.

Eckman, J.E., D.O. Duggins and A.T. Sewell. 1989. Ecology of understory kelp environments. I. Effects of kelps on flow and particle transport near the bottom. J. exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 129:173-187.

Elliot, et al. 1989. Induction of swimming in Stomphia (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) by imbricatine, a metabolite of the Asteroid Dumasterias imbricata. Biol. Bull. 176:73-78.

Estes, J.A., and D.O. Duggins and G.B. Rathbun. 1989. The ecology of extinctions in kelp forest communities. Conserv. Biol. Vol. 3, No. 3.

Ferguson, J.C. 1989. Rate of water admission through the madreporite of a starfish. J. exp. Biol. 145: 147-156.

Foe, V.E. 1989. Mitotic domains reveal early commitment of cells in Drosophiula embryos. Development. 107:1-22.

Gibson, G. and F.S. Chia. 1989. Developmental variability (pelagic and benthic) in Haminoea callidegenita (Opisthobranchia: Cephalaspidea) is influenced by egg mass jelly. Biol. Bull 176:103-110.

Greene, C.H., P.H. Wiebe and J. Burczynski. 1989. Analyzing zooplankton size distributions using high-frequency sound. Limnol. Oceanogr. 34:129-139.

Hadfield, M.G. and D.K. Iaea. 1989. Velum of encapsulated veligers of Petalocohefus (Gastropoda), and the problem of re-evolution of planktotrophic larvae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 45:377-386.

Hannach, G. and J.R. Waaland. 1989. Growth and morphology of young gametophytes of Porphyra abbottae (Rhodophyta): effects of environmental factors in culture. J. Phycol. 25:247-254.

Huang, Z. and R.A. Satterlie. 1989. Smooth muscle fiber types and a novel pattern of thick filaments in the wing of the pteropod mollusc Clione limacina. Cell Tissue Res. 257:405-414.

Hunter, T. 1989. Suspension feeding in oscillating flow: The effect of colony morphology and flow regime on plankton capture by the bydroid Obelia longissima. Biol. Bull. 176:41-49.

Johnson, L.E. and R.R. Strathmann. 1989. Settling barnacle larvae avoid substrata previously occupied by a mobile predator. J. exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 128:87-103.

King, W. M and D.O. Carpenter 1989. Voltage-camp characterization of C1-conductance gated by GABA and l-glutamate in single newurons of Aplysia. Journal of Neurophysiology Vol.61, No. 5

Lambert, C.C. 1989. Ascidian eggs release glycosidase activity. Development. 105:415-420.

Lambert, C.C. 1989. Ascidian sperm penetration and the translocation of a cell surface glycosidase. J. exp. Zool. 249: 308-315.

Lambert, G.A. 1989. A new species of the compound ascidean Eudistoma (ascidiacea, Polycitoridae) from the northeastern Pacific. Can. J. Zool. 67:2700-2703.

Larson, R.J., C.E. Mills and G.R. Harbison. 1989. In situ foraging and feeding behavior of narcomedusae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 69:785-794.

Lobban, C.S. 1989. Environmental factors, plant responses, and colony growth in relation to tube-dwelling diatom blooms in the Bay of Fundy, Canada, with a review of the biology of tube-dwelling diatoms. Diatom Research. 4(1):89-109.

Mackie, G.O., C. Nielsen and C.L. Singla. 1989. The tentacle cilia of Aglantha digitale (Hydrozoa:Trachylina) and their control. Acta Zool. 70(3):133-142.

McLean, N. 1989. Oodinium jordani n. sp., a dinoflagellate (Dinoflagellata: Oodinidae) ectoparasitic on Sagitta elegans (Chaetognatha). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 7:61-66.

Miller, D.C. 1989. Abrasion effects on microbes in sandy sediments. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 55:73-82.

Miller, R.L. 1989. Evidence for the presence of sexual pheromones in free-spawining star fish. J. exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 130:205-221.

Mullineaux, L.S. 1989. Vertical distributions of the epitauna on manganese nodules: implications for settlement and feeding. Limnology and Oceanography. 34:1247-1262.

Nelson, J. M., and Smith, J. D. 1989. Mechanics of flow over ripples and dunes: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, p. 8146-8162

Norris, R.D. 1989. Cnidarian taphonomy and affinities of the Edia cara biota. Lethaia. 22:381-393.

Norton, T.A. and L.E. Deysher. 1989. The reproductive ecology of Sargassum muticum at different latitudes. In: J.S. Ryland & P.A. Tyler (eds.). Reproduction, Genetics and Distributions of Marine Organisms. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark. pp. 147-1

O'Foighil, D. and D.J. Eernisse. 1989. Geographically widespread, non-hybridizing, sympatric strains of the hermaphroditic, brooding clam Lasaea in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. Biol. Bull. 175:218-229.

O'Foighil, D.O. 1989. Role of Spermatozeugmata in the spawning ecology of the brooding oyster Ostrea edulis. Gamete Res. 24(2):219-228.

Ooishi, S. and P.L. Illg. 1989. Botryllophilus abbotti new species (Copepoda: Cyclopoida: Ascidicolidae) associated with a compund ascidian from the Monterey Peninsula. Abstract Bull. of Mar. Science 45(2):447-466.

Penry, D.L. 1989. Tests of kinematic models for deposit-feeders guts: patterns of sediment processing by Parastichopus californicus (Stimpson) (Holothuroidea) and Amphicteis Scaphobranchiata Moore (Polychaeta). J. exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 128:127-146.P

Petersen, C.W. and K. Marchetti. 1989. Filial cannibalism in the Cortez damselfish Stegastes rectifraenum. Evolution. 43:158-168.

Plante, C.J., P.A. Jumars and J.B. Baross. 1989. Rapid bacterial growth in the hindgut of a marine deposit feeder. Micro. Ecol. 18:29-44.

Roesler, C., M.J. Perry and K. Carter. 1989. Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorptions from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 34:1510-1523.

Russell, M.P. and J.P. Huelsenbeck. 1989. Seasonal variation in brood structure of Transennella confusa (Biavalvia:Veneridae). The Veliger. 32:288-295.

Satterlie, R.A. 1989. Reciprocal inhibition and rhythmicity: swimming in a pteropod mollusk. In Neuronal and Cellular Oscillators. Jon W. Jacklet (Ed), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York and Basel, pp. 151-171.

Schell, S.C. 1989. The structure of the nervous system of Graffilla pugetensis, a parasite in the pericardial cavity of the bent-nose clam, Macoma nasuta. J. Parasitology 75:428-430.

Self, R.F.L., A.R.M. Nowell and P.A. Jumars. 1989. Factors controlling critical shears for deposition and erosion of individual grains. Marine Geology. 86:181-199.

Storch, V., R.P. Higgins and M.P. Morse. 1989. Ultrastructure of the body wall of Meiopriapulus fijiensis (Priapulida). Trans. Am. Micros. Society. 108(4): 319-331.

Strathmann, R.R. 1989. Existence and functions of a gel filled primary body cavity in development of echinoderms and hemichordates. Biol. Bull. 176:25-31

Strathmann, R.R., M.F. Strathmann. 1989. Evolutionary opportunities and constraints demonstrated by artificial gelatinous egg masses. In: J.S. Ryland & P.A. Tyler (eds.). Reproduction, Genetics and Distribution of Marine Organisms. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensbor

VanAlstyne, K.L. 1989. Adventitious branching as a herbivore-induced defense in the intertidal brown alga Fucus distichus. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 56:169-176.

Williams, S.L. and S.K. Herbert. 1989. Transient photosynthetic responses of nitrogen-deprived Petalonia fascia and Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) to ammonium resupply. J. Phycol. 25:515-522.

Yamada, S.B. 1989. Are direct developers more locally adapted than planktonic developers? Mar. Bio. 103:403-411.

1988

Acosta-Urquidi, J. 1988. Modulation of calcium current and diverse K+ currents in identified Hermissenda neurons by small cardioactive peptide B. Journal of Neuroscience. 8(5):1694-1703.

Asson-Batres, M.A. 1988. Reproduction and growth of the brooding bivalve Transennella tantilla. The Veliger. 30:257-266.

Boidron-Matairon, I.F. 1988. Morphological plasticity in laboratory-reared echinoplutei of Dendraster excentricus. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 119:31-41

Boord, R.L. and R.G. Northcutt. 1988. Medullary and mesencephalic pathways and connections of lateral line neurons of the spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias. Brain Behav. Evol. 32:76-88.

Brandon, M.T. et al. 1988. The late Cretaceous San Juan thrust system. Special Paper #221, Geol. Soc. Amer., pp.111-181.

Diebel, C.E. 1988. The sensory mediation of symbiosis between hyperiid amphipods and salps. Abstract submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, March, 1988.

Druehl, L.D., M. Cackette and J.M. D'Auria. 1988. Geographical and temporal distribution of iodine-131 in the brown seaweed Fucus subsequent to the Chernobyl incident. Mar. Biol. 98:125-129.

Eernisse, D.J. and K. Keith. 1988. The initial stages of radular development in chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora). Malacologia. 28:95-103.

Eernisse, D.J., N.B. Terwilliger and R.C. Terwilliger. 1988. The red foot of a lepidopleurid chiton: Evidence for tissue hemoglobins. The Veliger. 30(3):244-247.

Erickson, M.C. and D.P. Selivonchick. 1988. A novel method to administer radiolabeled lipid to juvenile oysters. Lipids. 23:22-27.

Ertman, S.C. and P.A. Jumars. 1988. Effects of bivalve siphonal currents on the settlement of inert particles and larvae. J. Mar. Res. 46:797-813.

Francis, L. 1988. Cloning and aggression among sea anemones (Coelenterata: Actiniaria) of the rocky shore. Biol. Bull. 174:241-253.

Freeman, G. and E.B. Ridgway. 1988. The role of cAMP in oocyte maturation and the role of the germinal vesicle contents in mediating maturation and subsequent developmental events in hydrozoans. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. 197:197-211.

Gambi, M.C. 1988. Flowering in a Zostera marina bed off San Juan Island during winter. Aquat. Bot. 30(3):267-272.

Garbary, D., D. Belliveau and R. Irwin. 1988. Apical control of band elongation in antihamhamuion detection (Germiaceae, Rhodophyta). Can. J. Bot. 66(7):1308-1315.

Gordon, A.M., E.B. Ridgway, L.D. Yates, and T. Allen 1988. Muscle cross-bridge attachment: Effects on a Ca binding and calcium activation. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 226: 89-98.

Harvell, C.D. and R.K. Grosberg. 1988. The timing of sexual maturity in clonal animals. Ecology. 69(6):1855-1864.

Herbert, S.K. and J.R. Waaland. 1988. Photoinhitibion of photosynthesis in a sun and shade species of the red alga Porphyra. Mar. Biol. 97: 1-7.

Hess, H., et al. 1988. The scale of genetic differentiation in Leptosynapta clarki (Heding), an infaunal brooding holothuroid. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 122:187-194.

Hill, P.S., A.R.M. Nowell and P.A. Jumars. 1988. Flume evaluation of the relationship between suspended sediment concentration and excess boundary shear stress. J. Geophys. Res. 93#C10:12499-12509.

Iwata, F. 1988. On the hoplonemertean Sagaminemertes nagaiensis (Iwata, 1957), with consideration of its systematics. Hydrobiologia 156: 115-124.

Johnson, A.S. 1988. Hydrodynamic study of the functional morphology of the benthic suspension feeder Phyoronopsis viridis (Phoronida). Mar. Biol. 100:117-126.

Koehl, M.A.R. and R.S. Alberte. 1988. Flow, flapping, and photosynthesis of Nereocystis lutkeana: a functional comparison of undulate and flat blade morphologies. Mar. Biol. 99:435-444.

Liese, E. 1988. Sensory organs in the hairy girdles of some Mopaliid chitons. Am. Malae. Bull. 6:141-151.

Lloyd, P.E. and A.O.D. Willows. 1988. Multiple transmitter neurons in Tritonia. II. Control of gut motility. J. Neuro. 19(1):55-67.

Lloyd, P.E., B.P. Masinovsky and A.O.D. Willows. 1988. Multiple transmitter neurons in Tritonia. I. Biochemical studies. J. Neuro. 19:(1):39-54.

Luning, K. and W. Freshwater. 1988. Temperature tolerance of northeast Pacific marine algae. J. Phycol. 24:310-315.

Mackie, G.O. and R.M. Marx. 1988. Phosphatic spicules in the nematocyst batteries of Nanomia cara (Hydrozoa, Siphonophora). Zoomorph. 108:85-92.

Mackie, G.O., et al. 1988. Structure and function of the prehensile tentilla of Euplokamis (Ctenophora: Cydippida). Zoomorphology, 107:307-337.

Masinovsky, B., S.C. Kempf, J.C. Callaway and A.O.D. Willows. 1988. Monoclonal antibodies to the molluscan small cardioactive peptide SCPB: Immunolabeling of neurons in diverse invertebrates. J. of Comp. Neuro. 273:500-512.

McEdward, L.R. 1988. Experimental embryology as a tool for studying the evolution of echinoderm life histories. Echinoderm phylogeny and evolutionary biology (ed. C.R.C. Paul and A.B. Smith). Clarendon Press, Oxford. pg. 189-196.

McEuen, F.S. 1988. Spawning behaviors of northeast Pacific sea cucumbers (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata). Mar. Biol. 98:565-585.

McLean, N. 1988. Morphological evidence for self-encapsulation and -encystment in Tritonia diomedea (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Nudibranchia). Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 107(2):180-189.

Miller, D.C. and R.W. Sternberg. 1988. Field measurements of the fluid and sediment-dynamic environment of a benthic deposit feeder. J. Mar. Res. 46(4):771-796.

Milligan, C.L. and D.G. McDonald 1988. In vivo lactate kinetics at rest and during recovery from exhaustive exercise in coho salmon (oncorhynchus kisutch) and starry flounder (platichthys stellatus). J. exp.Biol.135: 119-131.

Muehlstein, L.K. D. Porter and F.T. Short. 1988. Labyrinthala sp., a marine slime mold producing the symptoms of wasting disease in eelgrass, Zostera marina. Mar. Biol. 99:465-472.

Nelson, J. M. 1988. Mechanics of flow and sediment transport over nonuniform erodible beds: Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington.

Norton, S.F. 1988. Role of gastropod shell and operculum in inhibiting predation by fishes. Science. 241:92-94.

O'Foighil, D. 1988. Random mating and planktotrophic larval development in the brooding clam Lasaea australis (L. 1818). The Veliger. 31:214-221.

Ooishi, S. and P.L. Illg. 1988. Two morpho-types of Botryllophilus (Cyclopoida, Ascidicolidae). Hydrobiologia. 167/168:561-566.

Oresanz, J.M. and V.F. Gallucci. 1988. Comparative study of postlarval life-history schedules in four sympatric species of Cancer (Decapoda: Brachyura: Cancridae). J. of Crustacean Biol. 8(2):187-220.

Paul, V.I. and K.L. Van Alstyne. 1988. Use of ingested algal diterpenoids by Elysia halimedae Macnae (Opisthobranchia: Ascoglossa) as antipredator defenses. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 119:15-29.

Perozzo, M.A., K.B. Ward, R.B. Thompson and W.W. Ward. 1988. X-ray diffraction and time-resolved fluorescence analyses of Aequorea green fluorescent protein crystals. J. of Biol. Chem. 263(16):7713-7716.

Prior, D.J. and W.H. Watson III. 1988. The molluscan neuropeptide, SCPB, Increases the responsiveness of the feeding motor program of Limax maximus. J. of Neurobiology. 19(1):87-105.

Reed, C.G. 1988. Organization of the nervous system and sensory organs in the larva of the marine bryozoan Bowerbankia gracilis (Ctenostomata: Visiculariidae): Functional significance of the apical disc and pyriform organ. Acta Zoologica. 69(3):177-194.

Ronan, M. 1988. The sensory trigeminal tract of Pacific hagfish. Brain Behav. Evol. 32:169-180.

Schmid, V. and A. Bally. 1988. Species specificity in cell-substrate interactions in medusae. Devel. Biol. 129:573-581.

Schmid, V., H. Alder, G. Plickert and C. Weber. 1988. Transdifferentiation from striated muscle of medusae in vitro. In: G. Eguchi et al., eds: Regulatory Mechanisms in Developmental Processes. Elsevier Scientific Publishers, pp.137-146.

Schroeder, T.E. 1988. Contact-independent polarization of the cell surface and cortex of free sea urchin blastomeres. Dev. Biol. 125:255-264.

Schroeder, T.E. and J.J. Otto. 1988. Immunofluorescent analysis of actin and myosin in isolated contractile rings of sea urchin eggs. Zool. Sci. 5:713-725.

Self, R.F. and P.A. Jumars. 1988. Cross-phyletic patterns of particle selection by deposit feeders. J. of Marine Research. 46(1):119-143.

Shimek, R.L. 1988. The functional morphology of scaphopod captacula. The Veliger. 30:213-221.

Shimomura, O., B. Musicki and Y. Koshi. 1988. Semi-synthetic aequorin: An improved tool for the measurement of calcium ion concentration. Biochem., 251:405-410.

Sinervo, B. and L.R. McEdward. 1988. Developmental consequences of an evolutionary change in egg size: An experimental test. Evolution. 42:885-899.

Smiley, S. 1988. The dynamics of oogenesis and the annual ovarian cycle of Stichopus californicus (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Biol. Bull. 175:79-93.

Smiley, S. 1988. The phylogenetic relationships of holothurians: a cladistic analysis of the extant echinoderm classes. In: C.R.C. Paul & A.B. Smith (eds) Echinoderm Phylogeny and Evolutionary Biology. Oxford, Clarendon. pp. 53-68.

Strathmann, R.R. 1988. Functional requirements and the evolution of developmental patterns. In: R.D. Burke, et al. (eds.) Echinoderm Biology. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, pp. 55-61.

Strathmann, R.R. 1988. Larvae, phylogeny, and von Baer's law. In: C.R.C. Paul and A.B. Smith (eds.) Echinoderm Phylogeny and Evolutionary Biology. Oxford, Clarendon, pp. 53-68.

Straud, S.W. and W.M. Humner. 1988. Predatory behavior of Phacellophora canitschatica and size-selective predation upon Aurelia aurita (Scyphozoa: Cnidaria) in Saanich Inlet, British Columbia. Mar. Biol. 99:409-414.

Stricker, S., C.G. Reed and R.L. Zimmer. 1988. The Cyphonautes larva of the marine bryozoan Membranipora membranacea. I. General morphology, body wall and gut. Can. J. Zool. 66:368-383.

Stricker, S., C.G. Reed and R.L. Zimmer. 1988. The Cyphonautes larva of the marine bryozoan Membranipora membranacea. II. Internal sac, musculature and pyriform organ. Can. J. Zool. 66: 384-398.

Stricker, S.A. 1988. Metamorphosis of the marine bryozoan Membranipora membranacea: An ultrastructural study of rapid morphogenetic movements. J. Morphol. 196:53-72.

Stricker, S.A. and M.J. Cavey. 1988. Calcareous concretions and non-calcified hooks in the body wall of nemertean worms. Acta Zool. 69(1): 39-46.

Tang, Y. and D.G. McDonald and R.G. Boutillier 1988. Adrenergic regulation of blook acid-base status following exhaustive exercise in seawater-adapted rainbow trout, salmo gairdneri. Physiological Zoology 62(4):950-963.

Terwilliger, N.B., R.C. Terwilliger, E. Meyhofer and M.P. Morse. 1988. Bivalve hemocyanins-a comparison with other molluscan hemocyanins. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 89B(1):189-195.

Terwilliger, R.C. and N.B. Terwilliger. 1988. Structure and function of holothurian hemoglobins. In: R.D. Burke, et al. (eds.), Echnioderm Biology. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, pp. 589-595.

Van Alstyne, K.L. 1988. Herbivore grazing increases polyphenolic defenses in the intertidal brown alga Fucus distichus. Ecol. 69(3):655-663.

Verdugo, P. and C.E. Golborne 1988. Remote Detection of Ciliary Movement by Fiber Optic Laser-Doppler Spectroscopy. I.E.E.E. Transactions on Biomed. Engineering 35: 303-307.

Voltzow, J. 1988. The organization of limpet pedal musculature and its evolutionary implications for the Gastropoda. Malacological Review Supplement 4:273-283.

Williams, S.L. 1988. Thalassia testudinum productivity and grazing by green turtles in a highly disturbed sea grass bed. Marine Biology. 98:447-455.

Willows, A.O.D., P.E. Lloyd and B.P. Masinovsky. 1988. Multiple transmitter neurons in Tritonia. III. Modulation of central pattern generator controlling feeding. J. of Neurobiology, 19(1):69-86.

Wissmar, R.C. and C.A. Simenstad. 1988. Energetic constraints of juvenile chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) migrating in estuaries. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45:1555-1560.

Wright, W.G. 1988. Sex change in the mollusca. Trends in ecology and evolution. 3(6):137-140.

Young, C.M. 1988. Ascidian cannibalism correlates with larval behavior and adult distribution. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 117:9-26.

1987

Abrams, P.A. 1987. An analysis of competitive interactions between three hermit crab species. Oecologia: 72:233-247

Abrams, P.A. 1987. Resource partitioning and competition for shells between intertidal hermit crabs on the outer coast of Washington. Oecologia. 72:248-258.

Arkett, S.A. et al. 1987. Neuronal control of ciliary locomotion in a gastropod veliger. Biol. Bull. 173:513-526.

Armstrong, S.L. 1987. Mechanical properties of the tissues of the brown alga Hedophyllum sessile (C. Ag.) Setchell: Variability with habitat. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 114:143-151.

Brezina, V., R. Eckert and C. Erxleben. 1987. Modulation of potassium conductances by an endogenous neuropeptide in neurones of Aplysia californica. J. Physiol. 382:267-290.

Burzycki, G.M. and J.R. Waaland. 1987. On the position of meiosis in the life history of Porphyra torta (Rhodophyta). Bot. Mar. 30:5-10.

Cavey, M.J. and C.A. Sokoluk. 1987. Heteromorphic discocilia of the phanerozonian starfish Luidia Foliolata: artifacts of chemical fixation. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. 106(1): 1-9.

Dagg, M.J. and W.E. Walser, Jr. 1987. Ingestion, gut passage, and egestion by the copepod Nescalanus plumchrus in the laboratory and in the subarctic Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 32:178-188.

Dethier, M.N. 1987. The distribution and reproductive phenology of intertidal fleshy crustose algae in Washington. Can. J. Bot. 65:11838-1850.

Duggins, D.O. 1987. The effects of kelp forests on nearshore environments: biomass, detritus, and altered flow. In: G.R. Van Blaricom and J.A. Estes (eds.) The Community Ecology of Sea Otters. Ecological Studies 65. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Emlet, R.B., L.R. McEdward and R.R. Strathmann. 1987. Echinoderm larval ecology viewed from the egg. Echinoderm Studies. 2:55-136.

Forward, R.B., Jr. 1987. Comparative study of crustacean larval photoresponses. Mar. Biol. 94:589-595.

Freeman, G. 1987. Localization of bioluminescence in the siphonophore Nanomia cara. Mar. Biol. 93:535-541.

Freeman, G. and E.B. Ridgway. 1987. Endogenous photoproteins, calcium channels and calcium transients during metamorphosis in hydrozoans. Roux's Arch. Devel. Biol. 196:30-50.

Gordon, A.M. and E.B. Ridgway. 1987. Extra calcium on shortening in barnacle muscle - Is the decrease in calcium binding related to decreased cross-bridge attachment, force, or length? J. Gen. Physiol. 90:321-340.

Howe, E. 1987. Responsive planning of social development programs in the third world. J. of Planning Literature, 2(4):384-405.

Kain, J.M.J. 1987. Patterns of relative growth in Nereocystis leutkeana (Phaeophyta). J. Phycol. 23:181-187.

Kain, J.M.J. and T.A. Norton. 1987. Growth of blades of Nereocystis leutkeana (Phaeophyta) in darkness. J. Phycol. 23:464-469.

Kempf, S.C., B. Masinovsky and A.O.D. Willows. 1987. A simple neuronal system characterized by a monoclonal antibody to SCP neuropeptides in embryos and larvae of Tritonia diomedea (Gastropoda, Nudibranchia). J. Neurobiol. 18(2):217-236.

Kozloff, E.N. 1987. Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. E.N. Kozloff (Ed.). Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Kozloff, E.N. and C.A. Westervelt, Jr. 1987. Redescription of Syndesmis echinorum Francois, 1886 (Turbellaria: Neorhabdocoela: Umagillidae), with comments on distinctions between Syndesmis and Syndesyrinx. J. Parasitology. 73(1):184-193.

Kozloff, E.N. and G.L. Shinn. 1987. Wahlia pulchella N.Sp., a turbellarian flatworm (Neorhabodocolela: Umagillidae) from the intestine of the sea cucumber Stichopus californicus. J. Parasitology. 73(1):194-202.

Levin, V.S., V.I. Kalinin, S.N. Fedorov and S. Smiley. 1987. Structure of triterpene glycosides and systematic position of two holothurian species of the family Strichopodidae. Soviet J. of Mar. Biol. 12(4):253-260.

Lohmann, K.J. and A.O.D. Willows. 1987. Lunar-modulated geomagnetic orientation by a marine mollusk. Science. 235:331-334.

Lowell, R.B. 1987. Safety factors of tropical versus temperate limpet shells: Multiple selection pressures on a single structure. Evolution. 41(3):638-650.

Mackie, G.O. and C.L. Singla. 1987. Impulse propagation and contraction in the tunic of a compound ascidian. Biol. Bull. 173:188-204.

McEdward, L.R. and Sally F. Carson 1987. Variation in egg organic content and its relationship with egg size in the starfish 'Solaster stimpsoni' Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 37:159-169

McEdward, L.R. and L.K. Coulter. 1987. Egg volume and energetic content are not correlated among sibling offspring of starfish. Evolution. 41:914-917.

McEdward, L.R. and R.R. Strathmann. 1987. The body plan of the cyphonautes larva of bryozoans prevents high clearance rates: comparison with the pluteus and a growth model. Biol. Bull 172: 30-45.

McLean, N. and D. Porter. 1987. Lesions produced by a thraustochytrid in Tritonia diomedea (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Nudibranchia). J. of Invert. Pathology 49:223-225.

McLean, N., F.G. Hochberg and G.L. Shinn. 1987. Giant protistan parasites of the gills of cephalopods (Mollusca). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 3:119-125.

Milligan, C.L. and C.M. Wood. 1987. Effects of strenuous activity on acid-base status and H+ exchange in flounder. Physiological Zoology. 60:37-53.

Milligan, C.L. and C.M. Wood. 1987. Muscle and liver acid-base and metabolite status in flounder. Physiological Zoology. 60:54-68.

Mills, C.E. 1987. In situ and shipboard studies of living hydromedusae and hydroids: preliminary observations of life cycle adaptations to the open ocean. In: J. Bouillon et al., (eds.) Modern Trends in the Systematics, Ecology and Evolution of Hydroids and

Mills, C.E. 1987. Keys to the Hydrozoan Medusae (pp. 32-44), Siphonophora (pp. 62-65), Scyphozoa: Semaeostomae (pp.65-67), and Ctenophora (pp. 79-81). In: E.N. Kozloff (ed.), Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington

Mills, C.E. 1987. Revised classification of the genus Euplokamis Chun, 1880 (Ctenophora: Cydippida: Euplokamidae n. fam.) with a description of the new species Euplokamis dunlapae. Can. J. Zool. (65):2661-2668

Mills, C.E. and M.F. Strathmann. 1987. Phylum Cnidaria, Class Hydrozoa, pp.44-71. In: M.F. Strathmann (ed.) Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates of the Northern Pacific Coast. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Mills, C.E. and R.L. Miller. 1987. Key to the hydroid polyps, pp. 44-61. In: E.N. Kozloff (ed.), Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Mills, C.E. et al. 1987. A new species of coronate scyphomedusa from the Bahamas, Atorella octogonos. Bull. Mar. Sci. 40:423-427.

Morse, M.P. 1987. Comparative functional morphology of the bivalve excretory system. Amer. Zool. 27:737-746.

Nielsen, C. 1987. Structure and function of metazoan ciliary bands and their phylogenetic significance. Acta Zoologica 68(4):205-262.

Nowell, A.R.M. and P.A. Jumars. 1987. Flumes: theoretical and experimental considerations for simulation of benthic environments. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 25:91-112.

O'Foighil, D. 1987. Cytological evidence for self-fertilization in Lasaea subviridis (Galeommatacea: Bivalvia). Internatl. J. Invert. Reprod. Devel. 12:83-90.

O'Foighil, D. 1987. Phosphoglucomutase allozyme evidence for an outcrossing mode of reproduction in the hermaphroditic brooding bivalve Mysella tumida (Galeommatacea). J. Moll. Stud. 53:223-228.

Penry, D.L. and P.A. Jumars. 1987. Modeling animal guts as chemical reactors. Am. nat. 129:69-96.

Reed, C.G. 1987. Phylogenetic implications of the morphogenesis of the cystid epithelium during the metamorphosis of gymnolaemate bryozoans. Proceedings of the 7th Conference of the International Bryozoology Association, Western Washington University, pp. 221

Schroeder, T.E. 1987. Fourth cleavage of sea urchin blastomeres: Microtubule patterns and myosin localization in equal and unequal cell divisions. Devel.Biol. 124:9-22.

Schroeder, T.E. 1987. The origin and action of the contractile ring. In: N. Akkas (ed.) Biomechanics of Cell Division. New York: Plenum, pp. 209-230.

Shanks, A.L. 1987. Internal-wave-mediated shoreward transport of cyprids, megalopae, and gammarids and correlated longshore differences in the settling rate of intertidal barnacles. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 114:1-13.

Shimek, R.L. 1987. Sex among the sessile. Natural History 96(3): 61-64.

Short, F.T., L.K. Muehlstein and D. Porter. 1987. Eelgrass wasting disease: Cause and reoccurrence of a marine epidemic. Biol. Bull. 173:557-562.

Staude, C.P. 1987. Order Amphipoda, pp. 424-431. In: M.F. Strathmann (ed.), Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates of the Northern Pacific Coast. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Staude, C.P. 1987. Suborder Gammaridea, pp. 346-386. In: E.N. Kozloff (ed.), Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Stiassny, M.L.J. and J.S. Jensen. 1987. Labroid intrarelationships revisited: Morphological complexity, key innovations, and the study of comparative diversity. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 151(5):269-319.

Strathmann, M. 1987. Reproduction and development of marine invertebrates of the Northern Pacific Coast. Seattle: Univ. of Washington Press. 640 pp.

Strathmann, R.R. 1987. Larval feeding. In: A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse and V.B. Pearse (eds.) Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates, Vol 9. Blackwell, pp. 465-550.

Terwilliger, R.C. and N.B. Terwilliger. 1987. The effect of inorganic ions, pH and possible organic modulators on chiton, Katharina tunicata, hemocyanin function. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 87A(3): 683-688.

Verdugo, P., I. Deyrup-Olsen, M. Aitken, M.J. Villalon, and D. Johnson. 1987. Molecular Mechanism of Mucin Secretion: I. The role of intragranular charge shielding. J. Dent. Res. 66(2):506-508.

Verdugo, P., M. Aitken, L. Langley and M. J. Villalon. 1987. Molecular mechanism of product storage and release in mucin secretion. II. The role of extracellular Ca++. Biorheology, 24:625-633.

Vermeij, G.J., R.B. Lowell, L.J. Walters and J. A. Marks. 1987. Good hosts and their guests: Relations between trachid gastropods and the epizoic limpet Crepidula adunca. Nautilus. 101:69-74.

Voltzow, J. 1987. Torsion Reexamined: the timing of the twist. Amer. Zool. 27: 428: 84A Abstract.

Waaland, J.R., L.G. Dickson and J.E. Carrier. 1987. Conchocelis growth and conchospore release on Porphyra torta (Rhodophyta). J. Phycol. 23: 399-406.

Wood, C.M. and C.L. Milligan. 1987. Adrenergic analysis of lactate dynamics in flounder. Physiological Zoology. 60:69-81.

Woodin, S.A. and R.A. Merz. 1987. Holding on by their hooks: Anchors for worms. Evolution. 41(2):427-432.

Woodin, S.A., M.D. Walla and D.E. Lincoln. 1987. Occurrence of brominated compounds in soft-bottom benthic organisms. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 107:209-217.

1986

Abrams, P., C. Nyblade and S. Sheldon. 1986. Resource partitioning and competition for shells in a subtidal hermit crab species assemblage. Oecologia. 69(3):429-445.

Anderson, P.M. 1986. Effects of urea, trimethylamine oxide, and osmolality on respiration and citrulline synthesis by isolated hepatic mitochondria from Squalus acanthias. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 85B(4):783-788.

Anderson, P.M. 1986. Support of respiration and citrulline synthesis by isolated hepatic mitochondria from Squalus acanthias by acyl-coas and other nitrogen-donating substrates. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 85B:789-794.

Boulding, E.G. and M. LaBarbera. 1986. Fatigue damage: Repeated loading enables crabs to open larger bivalves. Biol. Bull. 171:538-547.

Calvin, W.H. 1986. The river that flows uphill: A journey from the big bang to the big brain. New York: Macmillan, 530 pp.

Carder, K.L., D.J. Collins, M.J. Perry, H.L. Clark, J.M. Mesias, J.S. Cleveland, and J. Greenier. 1986. The interaction of light with phytoplankton in the marine environment. SPIE - Ocean Optics VIII, 637:42-55.

Cavey, M.J. and R.L. Wood. 1986. Intercellular junctions in the larval epidermis of the colonial ascidian Distaplia occidentalis: a thin-section and freeze-fracture examination. Can. J. Zool. 64: 112-117.

Da Silva, J., J.L. Cameron and P.V. Fankboner. 1986. Movement and orientation patterns in the commercial sea cucumber Parastichopus californicus (Simpson) (Holothuroidea: Aspidochirotida). Mar. Behav. Physiol. 12:133-147.

Dagg, M.J. and W.E. Walser. 1986. The effect of food concentration on fecal pellet size in marine copepods. Limnol. Oceanogr. 31(5):1066-1071.

Dybas, L. and P.V. Fankboner. 1986. Holothurian survival strategies: Mechanisms for the maintenance of a bacteriostatic environment in the coelomic cavity of the sea cucumber, Parastichopus californicus. Dev. and Comp. Immun. 10:311-330.

Emlet, R.B. 1986. Facultative planktotrophy in the tropical echinoid Clypeaster rosaceus (Linnaeus) and a comparison with obligate planktotrophy in Clypeaster subdepressus (Gray) (Clypeasteroida:Echinoidea). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 95:l83-202.

Emlet, R.B. 1986. Larval production, dispersal, and growth in a fjord: A case study on larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 3l:245-254.

Fautin, D.G. and F.-S. Chia. 1986. Revisions of sea anemone genus Epiactis (Coelenterata: Actinaria) on the Pacific Coast of North America, with descriptions of two new brooding species. Can. J. Zool. 64:1665-1674.

Greene, C.H., M.R. Landry and B.C. Monger. 1986. Foraging behavior and prey selection by the ambush entangling predator Pleurobrachia bachei. Ecology 67(6):1493-1501.

Harvell, C.D. 1986. The ecology and evolution of inducible defenses in a marine bryozoan: Cues, costs, and consequences. Amer. Nat. 128:810-823.

Highsmith, R.C. and R.B. Emlet. 1986. Delayed metamorphosis: Effect on growth and survival of juvenile sand dollars (Echinoidea: Clypeasteroida). Bull. Mar. Sci. 39:347-361.

Hoelzel, A.R. 1986. Killer whale call characteristics -implications for cooperative foraging strategies. In: B.C. Kirkvold and J.S. Lockard (eds.) Behavioral Biology of Killer Whales. New York: A.R. Liss.

Jumars, P.A. and R.F.L. Self. 1986. Gut-marker and gut-fullness methods for estimating field and laboratory effects of sediment transport on ingestion rates of deposit-feeders. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 98:293-3l0.

Kabat, A.R. 1986. Effects of trematode parasitism on reproductive output of the bivalve Transennella tantilla. Can. J. Zool. 64:267-270.

Liem, K.F. 1986. The pharyngeal jaw apparatus of the Embiotocidae (Teleostei): A functional and evolutionary perspective. Copeia. 1986(2):311-323.

London, J.A. and R. Gillette. 1986. Mechanism for food avoidance learning in the central pattern generator of feeding behavior of Pleurobranchaea californica. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 83:4058-4062.

Longley, A.J. and R.D. Longley. 1986. Serotonin immunoreactivity of neurons in the gastropod Aplysia californica. J. of Neurobiol. l7(4):339-358.

Lowell, R.B. 1986. Crab predation on limpets: Predator behavior and defensive features of the shell morphology of the prey. Biol. Bull. 171:577-596.

Mackie, G.O. 1986. From aggregates to integrates: Physiological aspects of modularity in colonial animals. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B313:175-196.

Mangum, C.P., K.I. Miller, J.L. Scott, M.P. Morse, and K.E. Van Holde. 1986. Bivalve hemocyanin: Structural, functional and phylogenetic relationships. Amer. Zool. 26:57A.

Martindale, M.Q. 1986. The 'organizing' role of the D quadrant in an equal-cleaving spiralian, Lymnaea stagnalis as studied by UV laser deletion of macromeres at intervals between third and fourth quartet formation. Intl. J. of Invert. Reproduction and Devel

Martindale, M.Q. 1986. The ontogeny and maintenance of adult symmetry properties in the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis mccradyi. Develop. Biol. 118:556-576.

McEdward, L.R. 1986. Comparative morphometrics of echinoderm larvae. I. Some relationships between egg size and initial larval form in echinoids. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 96:251-265.

McEdward, L.R. 1986. Comparative morphometrics of echinoderm larvae. II. Larval size, shape, and the scaling of feeding and metabolism in echinoplutei. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 96:267-286.

McFadden, C.S. 1986. Colony fission increases particle capture rates of a soft coral: Advantages of being a small colony. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 103:1-20.

Meyhofer, E. and M. P. Morse. 1986. Some structural characteristics of the bivalve ultrafilter. Amer. Zool. 26:131A.

Miller, D.C. and P.A. Jumars. 1986. Pellet accumulation, sediment supply, and crowding as determinants of surface deposit-feeding rate in Pseudopolydora kempi japonica Imajima and Hartman (Polychaeta: Spionidae). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 99:l-l7.

Morse, M.P., E. Meyhofer, J.J. Otto and A.M. Kuzirian. 1986. Hemocyanin respiratory pigment in bivalve molluscs. Science. 23l:l302-l304.

O'Foighil, D. 1986. Prodissoconch morphology is environmentally modified in the brooding bivalve Lasaea subviridis. Mar. Biol. 92:517-524.

Ooishi, S. and P.L. Illg. 1986. A notodelphyid copepod, Lonchidiopsis hartmeyeri Vanhoffen, associated with a simple ascidian from Ago Bay. Bull. of the National Science Museum. Series A, l2(2):45-59.

Ozaki, H., O. Moriya and F.E. Harrington. 1986. A glycoprotein in the accessory cell of the echinoid ovary and its role in vitellogenesis. Roux's Arch. Dev. Biol. l95:74-79.

Pennington, J.T. and R.B. Emlet. 1986. Ontogenetic and diel vertical migration of a planktonic echinoid larva, Dendraster excentricus (Escholtz): occurrence, causes and probable consequences. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 104:69-95.

Pennington, J.T., S.S. Rumrill and F.S. Chia. 1986. Stage-specific predation upon embryos and larvae of the Pacific sand dollar, Dendraster excentricus, by 11 species of common zooplanktonic predators. Bull. Mar. Sci. 39:234-240.

Penry, D.L. and P.A. Jumars. 1986. Chemical reactor analysis and optimal digestion. BioScience. 36(5):3l0-3l5.

Powell, J. 1986. A short day photoperiodic response in Constantinea subulifera. Amer. Zool. 26:479-487.

Price, N.M., P.J. Harrison, M.R. Landry, F. Azam, and K.J.F. Hall. 1986. Toxic effects of latex and tygon tubing on marine phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 34:41-49.

Robinson, W.E., K. Kurstin and R.A. Cloney. 1986. The influence of tunichrome and other reducing compounds on tunic and fin formation in embryonic Ascidia callosa (Stimpson) J. Exp. Zoo. 237:63-72.

Schroeder, T.E. 1986. Methods in Cell Biology. Volume 27. Echinoderm Gametes and Embryos. Academic Press, 470 pp.

Schroeder, T.E. 1986. The egg cortex in early development of sea urchins and starfish. In: L.W. Browder (ed.) Developmental Biology. Plenum Pub., v. 2, pp. 59-100.

Shimomura, O. 1986. Isolation and properties of various molecular forms of aequorin. Biochem. J. 234:271-277.

Shinn, G.L. 1986. Life history and function of the secondary uterus of Wahlia pulchella, an umagillid turbellarian from the intestine of a northeastern Pacific sea cucumber (Stichopus californicus). Ophelia. 25(2):59-74.

Shinn, G.L. and R.C. Cloney. 1986. Egg capsules of a parasitic turbellarian flatworm: Ultrastructure of hatching sutures. J. of Morph. 188:15-28.

Smiley, S. 1986. Metamorphosis of Stichopus californicus (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) and its phylogenetic implications. Biol. Bull. 171: 611-631.

Steneck, R.S. and R.T. Paine. 1986. Ecological and taxonomic studies of shallow-water encrusting Corallinaceae (Rhodophyta) of the boreal northeastern Pacific. Phycologia. 25:22l-240.

Strathmann, R.R. 1986. What controls the type of larval development? Bull. of Mar. Sci. 39(2):616-622.

Strathmann, R.R. and L.R. McEdward. 1986. Cyphonautes' ciliary sieve breaks a biological rule of inference. Biol. Bull. 171:694-700.

Stricker, S.A. 1986. An ultrastructural study of oogenesis, fertilization, and egg laying in a nemertean ectosymbiont of crabs, Carcinomerites epialti (Nemertea, Hoplonemertea). Can. J. Zool. 64:1256-1269.

Stricker, S.A. 1986. The fine structure and development of calcified skeletal elements in the body wall of holothurian echinoderms. J. of Morph. l88:273-288.

Stricker, S.A. and M.J. Cavey. 1986. An ultrastructural study of spermatogenesis and the morphology of the testis in the nermertean worm Tetrastemma phyllospadicola (Nemertea, Hoplonemertea). Can. J. Zool. 64: 2187-2202.

Terwilliger, N.E., R.C. Terwilliger, M.P. Morse and E. Meyhofer. 1986. Bivalve hemocyanin. Amer. Zool. 26:48A.

Thayer, C.W. 1986. Are brachiopods better than bivalves? Mechanisms of turbidity tolerance and their interaction with feeding in articulates. Paleobiol. 12(2):161-174.

Voltzow, J. 1986. Changes in pedal intramuscular pressure corresponding to behavior and locomotion in the marine gastropods Busycon contrarium and Haliotis kamtschatkana. Can. J. Zool. 64:2288-2293.

Young, C.M. 1986. Defenses and refuges: Alternative mechanisms of coexistence between a predatory gastropod and its ascidian prey. Marine Biol. 91:513-522.

Young, C.M., P.G. Greenwood and C.J. Powell. 1986. The ecological role of defensive secretions in the intertidal pulmonate Onchidella borealis. Biol. Bull. 171:391-404.

1985

Cameron, J.L. and P.V. Fankboner. 1985. Reproductive biology of the commercial sea cucumber Parastichopus californicus (Stimpson) (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). I. Reproductive periodicity and spawning behavior. Can. J. Zool. 64:168-175.

Casey, C.A. and P.M. Anderson. 1985. Submitochondrial localization of arginase and other enzymes associated with urea synthesis and nitrogen metabolism, in liver of Squalus acanthias. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 82B(2):307-315.

Cavey, M.J. and H.D. Strecker. 1985. Ultrastructure of the caudal muscle cells in the larvae of a polyclinid ascidian. Can J. Zool. 63:l4l0-l4l9.

deRoos, R., C.C. deRoos, C.S. Werner and H. Werner. 1985. Plasma levels of glucose, alanine, lactate, and B-hydroxybutyrate in the unfed spiny dogfish shark (Squalus acanthias) after surgery and following mammalian insulin infusion. Gen. and Comp. Endocrin.

Duggins, D.O. and M. N. Dethier. 1985. Experimental studies of herbivory and algal competition in a low intertidal habitat. Oecologia. 67:l83-l9l.

Eckman, J.E. 1985. Flow disruption by an animal-tube mimic affects sediment bacterial colonization. J. Mar. Sci. 43:4l9-435.

Emlet, R.B. 1985. Crystal axes in recent and fossil adult echinoids indicate trophic mode in larval development. Science. 230:937-940.

Emlet, R.B. and R.R. Strathmann. 1985. Gravity, drag, and feeding currents of small zooplankton. Science. 228:l0l6-l0l7.

Fankboner, P.V. and J.L. Cameron. 1985. Seasonal atrophy of the visceral organs in a sea cucumber. Can. J. Zool. 63:2888-2892.

Francis, L. 1985. Design of a small cantilevered sheet: The sail of Velella velella. Pacific Science. 39(l): l-l5.

Gallucci, V.F. 1985. The Garrison Bay project, stock assessment and dynamics of the littleneck clam, Protothaca staminea. In: D. F. Andrews and A. M. Herzberg (eds.) Data. A Collection of Problems from Many Fields for the Student and Research Worker. Spr

Getting, P.A. and M.S. Dekin. 1985. Mechanisms of pattern generation underlying swimming in Tritonia. IV. Gating of central pattern generator. J. of Neurophysiology. 53(2):466-480.

Greene, C.H. 1985. Planktivore functional groups and patterns of prey selection in pelagic communities. J. Plankton Res. 7:35-40.

Greene, C.H. and M. R. Landry. 1985. Patterns of prey selection in the cruising calanoid predator Euchaeta elongata. Ecology. 66(5):l408-l4l6.

Harvell, C.D. and M. LaBarbera. 1985. Flexibility: A mechanism for control of local velocities in hydroid colonies. Biol. Bull. l68(2):3l2-320.

Highsmith, R.C. 1985. Floating and algal rafting as potential dispersal mechanisms in brooding invertebrates. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 25:l69-l79.

Inouye, S., M. Noguchi, Y. Sakaki, Y. Takagi, T. Miyata, S. Iwanaga, T. Miyata, and F. Tsuji. 1985. Cloning and sequence analysis of cDNA for the luminescent protein aequorin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 82:3l54-3l58.

Iwata, F. 1985. Foregut formation of the nemerteans and its role in nemertean systematics. Amer. Zool., 25:23-36.

Jonas, M. 1985. The circulatory system of the gills of Peltodoris atromaculata (Gastropoda, Nudibranchia). Zool. Anz. 215:(5/6)298-310.

Jones, E.B.G. 1985. Wood-inhabiting marine fungi from San Juan Island, with special reference to ascospore appendages. Botanical J. of the Linnean Soc. 9l:2l9-23l.

Kabat, A.R. 1985. The allometry of brooding in Transennella tantilla (Gould) (Mollusca: Bivalvia). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 9l:27l-279.

Kempf, S.C. and M.G. Hadfield. 1985. Planktotrophy by the lecithotrophic larvae of a nudibranch, Phestilla sibogae. Biol. Bull. 169:119-130.

Kerfoot, P.A.H., G.O. Mackie, R.W. Meech, A. Roberts, and C.L. Singla. 1985. Neuromuscular transmission in the jellyfish Aglantha digitale. J. Exp. Biol. ll6:l-25.

LaBerbera, M. 1985. Mechanical properties of a North American aboriginal fishing line: The technology of a natural product. American Anthropologist. 87:625-636.

Landry, M.R., J.M. Lehner-Fournier and V.L. Fagerness. 1985. Predatory feeding behavior of the marine cyclopoid copepod Corycaeus anglicus. Marine Biol. 85:l63-l69.

Langelan, R.E. and A. H. Whiteley. 1985. Unequal cleavage and the differentiation of echinoid primary mesenchyme. Dev. Biol. l09:464-475.

Lehman, J.J. and C.O. Sandgren. 1985. Species-specific rates of growth and grazing loss among freshwater algae. Limnol. & Ocean. 30:34-46.

Lobban, C.S. 1985. Marine tube-dwelling diatoms of the Pacific coast of North America. I. Berkeleya, Haslea, Nitzschia, and Navicula sect. Microstigmaticae. Can. J. Bot. 63:l779-l784.

Lohmann, K.J. 1985. Geomagnetic field detection by the western Atlantic spiny lobster, Panulirus argus. 12:1-17.

Lowell, R.B. 1985. Selection for increased safety factors of biological structures as environmental unpredictability increases. Science. 228:l009-l0ll.

Mackie, G.O. and R.W. Meech. 1985. Separate sodium and calcium spikes in the same axon. Nature. 313:791-793.

Mackie, G.O., C.L. Singla and W.K. Stell. 1985. Distribution of nerve elements showing FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in hydromedusae. Acta Zoologica. 66(4):199-210.

Masinovsky, B., P.E. Lloyd and A.O.D. Willows. 1985. Morphology of two pairs of identified peptidergic neurons in the buccal ganglia of the mollusc Tritonia diomedea. Journal of Neurobiology. l6(l):27-39.

McEdward, L.R. 1985. An apparatus for measuring and recording the depth dimension of microscopic organisms. Trans. Amer. Microscop. Soc. l04(2):l94-200.

McLean, N. 1985. A coccidium, a bacterium, and two viruses in Priapulus caudatus (Priapulida). J. Invert. Path. 46:343-345.

Meyhofer, E., M.P. Morse and W.E. Robinson. 1985. Podocytes in bivalve molluscs: Morphological evidence for ultrafiltration. J. Comp. Physiol. B. l56:l5l-l6l.

Miller, R.L. 1985. Demonstration of sperm chemotaxis in Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Holothurioidea, Ophiuroidea. J. Exp. Zool. 234:383-4l3.

Mills, C.E. 1985. A new hydrozoan Geomackiea zephyrolata gen. nov., sp. nov. (Anthomedusae: Pandeidae) from inland marine waters of British Columbia and Washington State. Can. J. Zool. 63:2172-2175.

Mills, C.E. et al. 1985. Giant nerve axons and escape swimming in Amphogona apicata, with notes on other hydromedusae. Can. J. Zool. 63:2221-2224.

Murphy, A.D., K. Lukowiak and W.K. Stell. 1985. Peptidergic modulation of patterned motor activity in identified neurons of Helisoma. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 82:7140-7144.

Paulay, G., L. Browing and R.R. Strathmann. 1985. Food limited growth and development of larvae: Experiments with natural sea water. J. Exp.. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 93:1-10.

Pennington, J.T. and F.S. Chia. 1985. Gastropod torsion: a test of Garstang's hyopthesis. Biol. Bull. 169:391-396.

Plotnick, R.E. 1985. Lift based mechanisms for swimming in eurypterids and portunid crabs. Trans. Royal Society of Edinburgh. 76:325-337.

Prasher, D., R.O. McCann and M.J. Cormier. 1985. Cloning and expression of the cDNA coding for aequorin, a bioluminescent calcium-binding protein. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. l26(3):l259-l268.

Prior, D.J. 1985. Water regulatory behavior in terrestrial gastropods. Biol. Rev. 60:403-424.

Reed, C.G. 1985. The many motors of morphogenesis: The role of muscles, cilia, and microfilaments in the metamorphosis of marine bryozoans. In: R.H. Sawyer and R.M. Showman (eds.) Cellular and Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development. Univ. of S. C

Roller, R.A. and W.B. Stickle. 1985. Effects of salinity on larval tolerance and early developmental rates of four species of echinoderms. Can. J. Zool. 63:l53l-l538.

Rumrill, S.S., J.T. Pennington and F.S. Chia. 1985. Differential susceptibility of marine invertebrate larvae: Laboratory predation of sand dollar, Dendraster excentricus (Eschscholtz), embryos and larvae by zoeae of the red crab Cancer productus Randall. J.

Satterlie, R.A and R.A. Cameron 1985. Electrical Activity at Metamorphosis in Larvae of the Sea Urchin Lytechinus pictus (Echinoidea: Echinodermata). The Journal of Experimental Zoology. 235:197-204.

Satterlie, R.A. 1985. Central generation of swimming activity in the hydrozoan jellyfish Aequorea aequorea. J. Neurobiol. l6(l):4l-55.

Satterlie, R.A. 1985. Control of swimming in the hydrozoan jellyfish Aequorea aequorea: Direct activation of the subumbrella. J. Neurobiol. l6(3):2ll-226.

Satterlie, R.A. 1985. Reciprocal inhibition and postinhibitory rebound produce reverberation in a locomotor pattern generator. Science. 229:402-404.

Satterlie, R.A. and A.N. Spencer. 1985. Swimming in the pteropod mollusc, Clione limacina. II. Physiology. J. Exp. Biol. ll6:205-222.

Satterlie, R.A., M. LaBarbera and A.N. Spencer. 1985. Swimming in the pteropod mollusc, Clione limacina. I. Behavior and morphology. J. Exp. Biol. ll6:l89-204.

Schroeder, T.E. 1985. Cortical expressions of polarity in the starfish oocyte. Devel. Growth Differ. 27:3ll-32l.

Schroeder, T.E. 1985. Cytokinesis. In: The Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill. 6th edition.

Schroeder, T.E. 1985. Physical interactions between asters and the cortex in echinoderm eggs. In: R.H. Sawyer and R.M. Showman (eds.) The Cellular and Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development. Univ. of S. Carolina Press. pp. 69-89.

Schroeder, T.E. and D.E. Battaglia. 1985. Spiral asters and cytoplasmic rotation in sea urchin eggs: Induction in Strongylocentrotus purpuratus eggs by elevated temperature. J. Cell Biol. l00:l056-l062.

Shinn, G.L. 1985. Infection of new hosts by Anoplodium hymanae, a turbellarian flatworm. Biol. Bull. l69:l99-2l4.

Shinn, G.L. 1985. Reproduction of Anoplodium hymanae, a turbellarian flatworm. Biol. Bull. l69:l82-l98.

Shinn, G.L. and A.M. Christensen. 1985. Kronborgia pugettensis sp.nov. (Neorhabdocoela: Fecampiidae), an endoparasitic turbellarian infesting the shrimp Heptacarpus kincaidi (Rathbun), with notes on its life-history. Parasitology 91:431-447.

Stanley, H.P. and C.C. Lambert. 1985. The role of a sertoli cell actin-myosin system in sperm bundle formation in the ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei (Chondrichthyes, Holocephali). J. Morphology. l86:223-236.

Strathmann, R.R. 1985. Feeding and nonfeeding larval development and life-history evolution in marine invertebrates. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 16:339-361.

Stricker, S.A. 1985. A new species of Tetrastemma (Nemertea, Monostilifera) from San Juan Island, Washington, U.S.A. Can. J. Zool. 63:682-690.

Stricker, S.A. 1985. The stylet apparatus of monostiliferous hoplonemerteans. Amer. Zool. 25:87-98.

Stricker, S.A. 1985. The ultrastructure and formation of the calcareous ossicles in the body wall of the sea cucumber Leptosynapta clarki (Echinodermata, Holothuroida). Zoomorph. l05:209-222.

Stricker, S.A. and C.G. Reed. 1985. Development of the pedicle in the articulate barchiopod Tereratalia transversa (Brachiopoda, Terebratulida). Zoomorph. l05:253-264.

Stricker, S.A. and C.G. Reed. 1985. The ontogeny of shell secretion in Terebratalia transversa (Brachiopoda, Articulata). I. Development of the mantle. J. Morph. l83:233-250.

Stricker, S.A. and C.G. Reed. 1985. The ontogeny of shell secretion in Terebratalia transversa (Brachiopoda, Articulata). II. Formation of the protegulum and juvenile shell. J. Morph. l83:25l-27l.

Stricker, S.A. and C.G. Reed. 1985. The protegulum and juvenile shell of a recent articulate brachiopod: Patterns of growth and chemical composition. Lethaia 18:295-303.

Stricker, S.A., M.J. Cavey and R.A. Cloney. 1985. Tetracycline labeling studies of calcification in nemertean worms. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc. l04(3):232-24l.

Thayer, C.W. 1985. Brachiopods versus mussels: competition, predation, and palatability. Science. 228:l527-l528.

Voltzow, J.  1985.  The morphology of the pedal circulatory system of the marine gastropod Busycon contrarium and its role in locomotion.  Zoomorphology 105:  395-400.

Ward, W.W. 1985. General aspects of bioluminescence. In: John G. Burr (ed.) Chemi- and Bioluminescence. New York: Marcel Dekkel, Inc., pp. 32l-358.

Willows, A.O.D. 1985. Neural control of behavioral responses in the nudibranch mollusc Phestilla sibogae. Journal of Neurobiol. l6(3):l57-l70.

Young, C.M. 1985. Abundance patterns of subtidal solitary ascidians in the San Juan Islands, Washington, as influenced by food preferences of the predatory snail Fusitriton oregonensis. Mar. Biol. 84:309-321.

1984

Gordon, A.M., E.B. Ridgway and D.A. Martyn 1984. Calcium sensitivity is modified by contraction. In: Corss-bridge Mechanisms in Muscular Contraction. Plenum Press, pp. 553-564.

Ridgway, E.B. and A.M. Gordon 1984. Muscle calcium transients: Effect of post-stimulus length changes in single fibers. J. Gen. Physiol. 83: 75-103.

1974

Kirsten Clark Nichols 1974. Observations on lesser-known flatworms: udonella

1968

J. Van der Land & H. Dienske 1968. Two new species of gyrocotyle (monogenea) fro chimaerids (holocephali)

1945

James E. Lynch 1945. Redescription of the sepcies of gyrocotyle from the ratfish, hydrolagus colliei (Lay and Bennet), with notes on the morphology and taxonomy of the genus

Dates Unknown (at present)

Jones, E.B.G., et al . Intertidal Marine Fungi from San Juan Island and Comments on Temperate Water Species. Bot.J.Scotl. 50(2), 177-184.

Nelson, J.M. and R.L. Shreveand S.R. McLean and T.G. Drake . Near-bed turbulence structure, bedload transport, and bedforms: Water Resources Research

Nielsen, C. . Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla.