A urinary tract (UTI) or bladder infection occurs when bacteria gain access to and multiply in the bladder. Bacteria infect the bladder by way of the urethra, a small, short tube that opens near the vagina. The placement and size of the urethra make bladder infections very common in women. Men rarely develop bladder infections because their urethras are longer.
A colposcope is a magnifying instrument used to look closely at the surface of the cervix. A colposcopy is an easy office procedure, which is performed very much like routine gynecological exam.