Pfizer Award Winners
Pfizer Medal Image The Pfizer Award was established in 1958 through the generosity of Pfizer, Inc., a diversified research-based company. The award consists of a medal and $2,500 now given each year to the author of an outstanding book in the history of science published in English during the previous three years (initially to the best book published in the previous year). Winners of the Pfizer Award are as follows.
1959 Marie Boas Hall, Robert Boyle and Seventeenth-Century Chemistry (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1958).
1960 Marshall Clagett, The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1959).
1961 Cyril Stanley Smith, A History of Metallography: The Development of ldeas on the Structure of Metal before 1890 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960).
1962 Henry Guerlac, Lavoisier, The Crucial Year: The Background and Origin of His Firsr Experiments on Combustion in 1772 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1961)
1963 Lynn White, Jr., Medieval Technology and Social Change (New York: Oxford University Press, 1962).
1964 Robert E. Schofield, The Lunar Society of Birmingham: A Social History of Provincial Science and Industry in Eighteenth-Century England (London: Oxford University Press, 1963).
1965 Charles D. O'Malley, Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, 1514-1564 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964).
1966 L. Pearce Williams, Michael Faraday: A Biography (New York: Basic Books, 1965).
1967 Howard B. Adelmann, Marcello Malpighi and the Evolution of Embryology (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1966).
1968 Edward Rosen, Kepler's Somnium (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967).
1969 Margaret T. May, Galen on the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body (Ithaca. N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1968).
1970 Michael Ghiselin, The Triumph of the Darwinian Method (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969).
1971 David Joravsky, The Lysenko Affair (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970).
1972 Richard S. Westfall, Force in Newton's Physics: The Science of Dynamics in the Seventeenth Century (New York: American Elsevier, 1971).
1973 Joseph Fruton, Molecules and Life: Historical Essays on the Interplay ofChemistry and Biology (New York: John Wiley, 1972).
1974 Susan Schlee, The Edge of an Unfamiliar World: A History of Oceanography (New York: Dutton, 1973).
1975 Frederic L. Holmes, Claude Bernard and Animal Chemistry: The Emergence of a Scientist (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974).
1976 Otto Neugebauer, A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy (3 vols.) (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1975).
1977 Stephen G. Brush, The Kind of Motion We Call Heat (Amsterdam/New York: North-Holland, 1976).
1978 Allen G. Debus, The Chemical Philosophy: Paracelsian Science and Medicine in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (New York: Science History Publications, 1977).
Merritt Roe Smith, Harpers Ferry Armory and the New Technology: The Challenge of Change (Ithaca, N.Y./London: Cornell University Press, 1977).
1979 Susan F. Cannon, Science in Culture: The Early Victorian Period (New York: Science History Publications, 1978).
1980 Frank J. Sulloway, Freud, Biologist of the Mind: Beyond the Psychoanalytic Legend (New York: Basic Books, 1979).
1981 Charles Coulston Gillispie, Science and Polity in France at the End of the Old Regime (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1980).
1982 Thomas Goldstein, Dawn of Modern Science: From the Arabs to Leonardo da Vinci (New York: Hougbton Mifllin, 1980).
1983 Richard S. Westfall, Never at Rest: A Biography of lsaac Newton (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980).
1984 Kenneth R. Manning, Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983).
1985 Noel Swerdlow and Otto Neugebauer, Mathematical Astronomy in Copernicus's De Revolutionibus (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1984).
1986 I. Bernard Cohen, Rcvolution in Science (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1985).
1987 Christa Jungnickel and Russell McCormmach, Intellectual Mastery of Nature: Theoretical Physics from Ohm to Einstein; Volume I: The Torch of Mathematics, 1800-1870; Volume II: The Now Mighty Theoretical Physics, 1870-1925 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986).
1988 Robert J. Richards, Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionnry Theories of Mind and Behavior (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981).
1989 Lorraine J. Daston, Classical Probability in the Enlightenment (Princeton, NJ.: Princeton University Press, 1988).
1990 Crosbie Smith and M. Norton Wise, Energy and Empire: A Biographical Study of Lord Kelvin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
1991 Adrian Desmond, The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical London (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989).
John W. Servos, Physical Chemistry from Ostwald to Pauling: The Making of a Science in America (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990).
1992 James R. Bartholomew, The Formation of Science in Japan: Building a Research Tradition (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989).
1993 David Cassidy, Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg (New York: Freeman, 1992).
1994 Joan Cadden, The Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
1995 Pamela H. Smith, The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994).
1996 Paula Findlen, Possessing Nature: Museums, Collecting, and Scientific Culture in Early Modern Italy (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).
1997 Margaret W. Rossiter, Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).
1998 Peter Galison, Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997).
1999 Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park, Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750 (Zone Books, 1998).
2000 Crosbie Smith, The Science of Energy: A Cultural History of Energy Physics (University of Chicago Press, 1998),

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