Liquidity and Information in Limit Order Markets

Ioanid Roşu

How does informed trading affect liquidity in limit order markets, where traders can choose between market orders (demanding liquidity) and limit orders (providing liquidity)? In a dynamic model, informed trading overall helps liquidity: a higher share of informed traders (i) improves liquidity as proxied by the bid–ask spread and market resiliency, and (ii) has no effect on the price impact of orders. The model generates other testable implications, and suggests new measures of informed trading.