Lei Jiang, Ke Wu, Guofu Zhou, and Yifeng Zhu
In this paper, we propose two asymmetry measures for stock returns. Unlike the popular skewness measure, our measures are based on the distribution function of the data rather than just the third central moment. We present empirical evidence that greater upside asymmetries calculated using our new measures imply lower average returns in the cross-section of stocks. In contrast, when using the skewness measure, the relationship between asymmetry and returns is inconclusive.