Style Guide for Accepted and Conditionally Accepted Papers

For new submissions and resubmissions, refer to the Submissions page for style requirements. 

Title page should include title, author name(s), affiliation(s), and e-mail address(es). Place acknowledgment-asterisk at the end of the author byline, not at the end of the title. See an example here.

First text page begins with a 1-paragraph, nonindented abstract of no more than 100 words.

Doublespace, left-align, and cancel hyphenation for all text portions of your manuscript (\setstretch{2}\raggedright). \parindent=.5in% needs to be reinstated after \raggedright. First line .5-inch indent to start each new (body-text) paragraph (\usepackage{indentfirst}).

Define all abbreviations on first use, in table and figure descriptions, and in abstracts. Position table/figure description above the table or figure (below the title). Number tables and figures with arabic numerals.

Please supply figures and graphs in an editable (Excel-compatible) format.

Fully list 3 or more authors on first citation; abbreviate to “et al.” for subsequent citations.
Enclose each citation year within parentheses; separate citations within parentheses by commas.
When a location (page) or equation within the work is referred to, place that within the parentheses as well.
Citations belong inline, not in footnotes.

Citation examples:
• Madison, Hamilton, and Jefferson’s (MHJ) (1775), (1776) revolutionary system is the foundation…
• (see Jones ((2001), p. 1453), ((2009), eq. 3), Rumplemeyer and Schrafft (1874)).
• (see, e.g., Smith, Miller, and Jones (1985), Strunk (1997), and Rosen and Chin (1982)).

Arrange references alphabetically at the end of the manuscript. Ensure that references for working and forthcoming papers are up to date.

Reference examples:
• Rosen, S. A., and L. H. Chin. “Sense and Sensibility.” In Literary Economics,  Vol. I, I. McHugh and J. L. Strauss, eds. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger (1982), 233–267.
• Smith, S.; D. Miller; and J. P. Jones. “Daily Dishwashing: The Case for Antibacterial Soap.” Journal of Hygiene, 9 (1985), 1–31.
• Strunk, W., Jr. “Does Punctuation Matter? Evidence from the Classroom.” Working Paper, University of Alberta (1997).

Format variable names of 2 or more letters in all caps, non-italic (\text{xx}), inner spaces and punctuation replaced with underscores (e.g., TOTAL_ASSETS, BOOK_TO_MARKET). Single letter variables should be italic.

Position equation numbers (enclosed in parentheses) at left margin, top-aligned for multi-line equations. In text, format as “equation (1)”.

Number all sections of the paper, from Introduction to Conclusion, with Roman numerals.
• Subsections A, B, C, etc.; subsubsections are 1, 2, 3, etc.
• Cite all sections (by the full number format, e.g., Section III.B.3) in the text; also make sure they are updated.

I. Heading
A. Subheading
1. Subsubheading

Headings at all section levels within the article (as well as table and figure titles, legends, and axis labels) are title case.

Use a comma before “and” when listing 3 or more items.