1964 Niigata earthquake, Japan

     The Niigata earthquake of June 16, 1964 had a magnitude of 7.5 and caused severe damage to many structures in Niigata. tsunami damage, niigata 1964 The destruction was observed to be largely limited to buildings that were founded on top of loose, saturated soil deposits. Even though about 2000 houses were totally destroyed, only 28 lives were lost (General report on the Niigata earthquake 1964). A tsunami, triggered by movement of the sea floor associated with the fault rupture, totally destroyed the port of Niigata.


     The Niigata earthquake, together with the Alaska earthquake also of 1964, brought Overturned buildings, Niigata 1964 liquefaction phenomena and their devastating effects to the attention of engineers and seismologists. A remarkable ground failure occurred near the Shinano river bank where the Kawagishi-cho apartment buildings suffered bearing capacity failures and tilted severely (left). Despite the extreme tilting, the buildings themselves suffered remarkably little structural damage.

sandboils, niigata 1964      Sand boils (right, SC) and ground fissures were observed at various sites in Niigata. Lateral spreading caused the foundations of the Showa bridge to move laterally so much that the simply supported spans became unseated and collapsed (below, SC). Collapsed bridge Nigata 64

 |  Home  |  What  |  When  |  Where  |  Why  |  How  | 
 |  Research  |  Links  | 
welcome page What is liquefaction? When has liquefaction ocurred? Where does liquefaction commonly ocurr? Why How can liquefaction hazards be reduced? Web sites on liquefaction reasearch links to other interesting web sites Send me  your comments!