Literal meaning: Many plate bearers
Common name: Sea cradles or chitons
The shell is composed of eight overlapping plates or
These are joined to each other on the outer margin
and undersides to the
a thickened part of the mantle.
All Polyplacophorans are marine.
Food: Most feed by scraping algae off hard surfaces with the radula.
Ref. Abbott & Dance, 1982 p 284
Amer. Fish. Soc., 1988 p 8,148
Emerson & Jacobson, 1976 p 461
Kaas & Van Belle, 1980
Keen, 1971 p 19,861
Keen & Coan, 1974 p 147
Lindner, 1977 p 16
Simon & Schuster, 1979 p 467
Wagner & Abbott, 1977
Syn. Amphineura in part
Crepipoda A. Goldfuss, 1820
Loricata C. F. Schumacher, 1817
Ref. Abbott, 1974 p 392
H.M.D.de Blainville, 1816
Vaught, 1989 p 2
Some taxonomists refer to Class Amphineura with Polyplacophora being a subclass. This index recognizes Polyplacophora as a separate class. References for Amphineura are: Keen, 1971 p 19, 859 and Keen & Coan, 1974 p 148. Formerly named classes Crepipoda, Loricata and Placophora are generally recognized today as Polyplacophora.