Menziesia ferruginea- false azalea, fool’s huckleberry


Range: Alaska south along the coast and in the Cascades to Northern California. (Spear Cooke 1997)


Climate, elevation:  From sea level to subalpine in the northern half of our region; in montane to subalpine forests from Vancouver Island south. (Pojar 1994)


Local occurrence:


Habitat preferences:  Shady to open coniferous woods with acid humus, moist slopes, streambanks. (Pojar 1994) Also found in hummocks in scrub-shrub wetlands.  (Spear Cooke 1997)


Plant strategy type/successional stage:  Most always associated with cold, wet habitat types, very shade tolerant. (Habeck 1992)
Associated species: Overstory; subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa), Pacific silver fir (A. amabilis), western redcedar (Thuja plicata), mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana), western hemlock (T. heterophylla), and Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii).  Understory; blue huckleberry (Vaccinium globulare), smooth woodrush (Luzula hitchcockii), and on higher sites, white rhododendron (Rhododendron albiflorum). (Habeck 1992)


May be collected as:  Not specified.


Collection restrictions or guidelines:  Flowers from late May thru early July. (Habeck 1992)


Seed germination:  Little information is available on the propagation of this species.  It appears to be capable of layering, and the seeds are wind or gravity dispersed. (Habeck 1992)

Seed life:  Not specified.


Recommended seed storage conditions:  Not specified.


Propagation recommendations: Requires a special soil fungus to survive that does not thrive when transplanted. (Spear Cooke 1997)


Soil or medium requirements:  Not specified.


Installation form:  Not specified.


Recommended planting density: Not specified.


Care requirements after installed:  Not specified.


Normal rate of growth or spread:  Not specified.


Sources cited:

Habeck, R. J. 1992. Menziesia ferruginea. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. 
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 
Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). 
Available: [2004, May 17].


Pojar, J., MacKinnon, A. (1994).  Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Lone Pine Publishing Vancouver British Columbia.


Spear Cooke, S. (1997). A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington & Northern Oregon.  Seattle Audubon Society. Seattle, WA.



Data compiled by:  Jennifer Boardman,  05/17/2004