Autoignition Temperatures in Vehicle Environments

Detailed Results - References


  1. NHTSA Docket ODI Engineering Analysis Closing Report for 1984 Pontiac Fiero recall investigation, Document EA86-21, p. 7, 0001959, May 8, 1990.
  2. Santrock, J. “Flammability Properties of Engine Compartment Fluids Other than Gasoline,” NHTSA 98-3588-193, 1998.
  3. Arndt, S., et al., “The Motor Vehicle in the Post-Crash Environment, an Understanding of Ignition Properties of Spilled Fuels,” SAE 1999-01-0086, 1999.
  4. Colwell, J. D., et al., “Hot Surface Ignition of Automotive and Aviation Fluids,” Fire Technology, 41, pages 105-123, 2005.
  5. LaPointe, N., et al., “Hot Surface Ignition of Gasoline on Engine Materials,” SAE 2006-01-1013, 2006.
  6. Goss, J., “Brake Fluid Is a Fire Hazard,” Transport Engineer, March 1989.
  7. Sloan, P., “Beware: LPG in Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning System Can Be Lethal,” Fire & Arson Investigator, January 2002.
  8. US Environmental Protection Agency, “Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning,”, 2005.
  9. Environmental Protection Agency website, 2005.
  10. Haggerty, B., et al., “Vehicle Fluid Flammability Tests,” Fire and Arson Investigation,” July 2005.
  11. US Environmental Protection Agency, et al., "HFC-152a Secondary Loop Vehicle A/C Systems," October 2007.
  12. Dupont, MSDS "'DYMEL' 152a Aerosol Propellant," September 2004.
  13. Honeywell, MSDS "2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoroprop-1-ene, HFO-1234yf," May 2008.
  14. Spatz, M., Minor, B., "A Low GWP Refrigerant for MAC," VDA Alternative Refrigerant Winter Meeting, 2008.
  15. Somandepalli, S., et al., "Hot Surface Ignition of Ethanol-blended Fuels and Biodiesel," SAE 2008-01-0402.