Library routines in Makefiles¶

See Clawpack Makefiles for general information on using the Makefile found in application directories for the Fortran codes.

New in 5.4.0. The Makefile also typically refers to a common list of library routines needed for this particular example or application code, rather than listing all the files individually in every Makefile.

For example, the directory $CLAW/classic/examples/advection_1d_example1 contains the lines: # --------------------------------- # package sources for this program: # --------------------------------- include$(CLAW)/classic/src/1d/Makefile.classic_1d

# ---------------------------------------
# package sources specifically to exclude
# (i.e. if a custom replacement source
#  under a different name is provided)
# ---------------------------------------

EXCLUDE_MODULES = \

EXCLUDE_SOURCES = \

# ----------------------------------------
# List of custom sources for this program:
# ----------------------------------------

MODULES = \

SOURCES = \
qinit.f90 \
setprob.f90 \
$(CLAW)/riemann/src/rp1_advection.f90  This indicates that the file$CLAW/classic/src/1d/Makefile.classic_1d is used to specify the default list of files to be used. These are separated into MODULES and SOURCES since Fortran modules need to be compiled before files that contain only subroutines or functions.

In the example shown above, we are including three source code routines specific to this example: qinit.f90 and setprob.f90 from this example directory, and the Riemann solver rp1_advection.f90 from the riemann repository.

The file $CLAW/classic/src/1d/Makefile.classic_1d contains: #get the directory of this makefile LIB:=$(CLAW)/classic/src/1d

#list of common sources for classic 1d codes
COMMON_SOURCES += \
$(LIB)/qinit.f90 \$(LIB)/setprob.f90 \
$(LIB)/setaux.f90 \$(LIB)/bc1.f \
$(LIB)/b4step1.f90 \$(LIB)/driver.f90 \
$(LIB)/claw1ez.f \$(LIB)/claw1.f \
$(LIB)/copyq1.f \$(LIB)/inlinelimiter.f90 \
$(LIB)/opendatafile.f \$(LIB)/out1.f \
$(LIB)/src1.f90 \$(LIB)/step1.f90


For the classic 1d code there are no modules, only subroutines.

Replacing files with the same name as library files¶

Note that the list of default library routines above contains both qinit.f90 and setprob.f90. The default versions of these files contain subroutines that have the correct calling sequence but return without doing anything. Every application directory will generally contain a local version of qinit.f90 that sets the initial conditions. Many applications also have a custom version of setprob.f90 that sets parameters, reads custom input files, etc.

Since the local Makefile contains qinit.f90 and setprob.f90 in its list of SOURCES, the new make system (as of v5.4.0) will use these in place of the library source files since they have identical names. Hence we do not need to list these routines explicitly in the list EXCLUDE_SOURCES (although it wouldn’t hurt to do so).

Note that if the local version were called qinit.f rather than qinit.f90, the local version would also still be used in spite of the different extension, since the base of the file name is the same. (See Fortran 77 vs. Fortran 90 files for an important cautionary note on what might go wrong if you have both a .f file and a .f90 file with the same base name in the same directory.)

Using a modified library routine with a different name¶

Suppose we want to use a local version of bc1.f in order to implement some new boundary condition not included in the default version. If we call the local file bc1.f then we can simply add it to the list SOURCES in the local Makefile and it will be used in place of the default library version as described in the previous section.

However, suppose our new boundary condition routine is called bc1_inflow.f instead of bc1.f. Then we would add this routine to the list SOURCES in the local Makefile and in this case we must also add bc1.f to EXCLUDE_SOURCES list. After these changes the local Makefile would contain these lines:

EXCLUDE_MODULES = \

EXCLUDE_SOURCES = \
bc1.f \

# ----------------------------------------
# List of custom sources for this program:
# ----------------------------------------

MODULES = \

SOURCES = \
qinit.f90 \
setprob.f90 \
bc1_inflow.f \