Art in Vienna 1900 [Details]


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Arts and Crafts / Wiener Secession

Richard Gerstl (1862-1918)

Gustav Klimt (1862-1918)

Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980)

Egon Schiele (1890-1918)

Vienna 1900 gave birth to its own form of modernism in the visual arts, Jugendstil, or art nouveau. As the name itself indicates, this movement represented a protest of the younger generation against the traditional art of their forebears. In 1897 these younger artists broke with the Kunstverein and the Viennese art academy and established their own artistic grouping, the Secession movement. Creating their own exhibition space in the Secession building just off Vienna's Ringstrasse, artists such as Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Richard Gerstl, and later, Oskar Kokoschka affronted the aristocratic and bourgeois tastes and sensibilities of traditional art patrons. Their work is marked by a pronounced sensuality, often giving way to explicit sexuality, and a daring use of color and form.