Psychology in Vienna 1900 [Details]


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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)

Josef Breuer (1842-1925)

Otto Rank (1844-1939)

The Assault on Freud (Paul Gray)

Sigmund Freud's ground-breaking book Die Traumdeutung (Interpretation of Dreams) was fated to become the founding document of psychoanalysis. Freud was the first to valorize the unconscious as playing a fundamental role in human psychic existence. For Freud, the unconscious was a form of super-memory, an absolute mnemonic storehouse that records all the empirical and mental experiences of the individual. These "repressed" memories could be called up by simple events, experiences, dreams, or fantasies. Freud believed that the chronic repression of certain memories stored in the unconscious was responsible for psychological pathologies, and that the elevation of these memories from the unconscious to the conscious mind could effect a cure of these psychic ills.