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 WINTER 2009

 SPRING 2009

 AUTUMN 2009










University of Washington Undergraduate Journals

Law Review

Spring 2007-

Directory of Current Undergraduate Journals in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences with content accessible online. Featured in intersections Online

Purple and Gold:
Journal of
Studies in History


Directory of Current Undergraduate Journals in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences with content accessible online. Featured in intersections Online

Jackson School

Spring 2010 -

Directory of Current Undergraduate Journals in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences with content accessible online. Featured in intersections Online

The Orator


Directory of Current Undergraduate Journals in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences with content accessible online. Featured in intersections Online



Contending with Censorship

The Underground Music Scene in Urban Iran

By Heather Rastovac
University of Washington, Seattle

As modernity and traditionalism collide in contemporary Iran, an underground music scene is emerging in Iran’s urban centers. Rap, rock, alternative and fusion musical styles are developing a position in Iranian musical culture. They have provided a means for many musicians to articulate a modern cultural identity that is rooted at home yet simultaneously in dialogue with a global community. Because of the Iranian government’s religious scrutiny and state implemented censorship, many of these musicians are prohibited from producing albums or holding concerts. However, they continue to engage in their art and find creative ways around these restrictions through such means as distributing their music and videos over the Internet and playing secret concerts. Underground musicians are challenging the dominant discourse on questions of national identity and the meaning of being Iranian. While authorities continue with attempts to maintain an isolationist stance in regards to its national identity, the regime is facing an extremely young, educated nation, one with approximately seventy percent of its population under the age of thirty. An emerging youth culture is developing in Iran which identifies itself as cosmopolitan and internationalist, who are seeking to be a part of a global culture, or to become ‘global’ and whose voices of dissent are becoming increasingly more difficult to silence.    pdf

Remembering Laughter and Tears in a Drawer

Music as a Response to Soviet Repression

By Sarah Cunningham
University of Washington, Seattle

In the wake of World War II, Joseph Stalin began a period of increased political and cultural repression in the Soviet Union, and as a result, an unprecedented number of musical compositions were banned because they did not comply with the Soviet vision for music. The censorship affected many, including Dmitri Shostakovich, arguably the most famous Soviet composer. While he was never a blatant dissident, Shostakovich was able to create a reflective, enduring history of both his own artistic difficulties and a moral commentary on the broader oppression of Stalin’s rule. He accomplished this by reusing musical themes from his banned works and by embracing Jewish folk themes. Through self-quotation, Shostakovich created a lasting history of his work that defied the censor’s pen and affirmed the lasting power of artistic expression. Shostakovich also responded to the authoritarian cultural program by incorporating Jewish idioms into several new works, including his song cycle, “From Jewish Folk Poetry.” Since Jews experienced intense official pressure throughout the Soviet era, his sympathy for their culture was courageous and exceptional.    pdf

Praise, Blame and Advocacy

An Examination of President George. W. Bush's Post-9/11 Discourse and the Rhetorical Genres that Define it

By Joshua Hubanks
University of Washington, Seattle

Numerous scholars of the social sciences and humanities have analyzed President George W. Bush’s rhetorical response to the September 11th terror attacks on the United States. Whereas some have viewed his discourse as participating in the epideictic genre, designed as a non-argumentative attempt to unite Americans and identify enemies, others have noted its overt tendency toward implicit policy advocacy and viewed it as belonging to the deliber-ative genre. At present, no research has attempted to bridge the gap between these apparently disparate viewpoints. Should the rhetoric be viewed as an epideictic reaction to tragedy, extolling the values of America while condemning those of its enemies? Or should it instead be viewed as a deliberative attempt at advocacy, anticipatorily positing fear-based arguments for soon-to-be-made shifts in American foreign and domestic policy? Indeed, do simplified generic distinctions remain the useful tools of rhetorical classification that they once were, or has their inconsistent application since antiquity rendered them unimportant? Drawing from a number of studies in the humanities and social sciences, as well as from classical rhetorical theory, this study asks: On what rhetorical basis should George W. Bush’s post-9/11 discourse be assessed, and to what extent can such an assessment be definitive and useful? The study ultimately concludes that recognition of the potential for multiple generic tendencies to participate within in a single discourse can contribute to more sophisticated and helpful understandings of modern rhetorical hybrids like Bush’s speeches.    pdf

Redemptive Narratives in Marx and Nietzsche


By Ada Albuquerque da Silva
University of Washington, Seattle


Though their methods differ, Karl Marx and Friedrich Nietzsche are allied on one major point: the refutation of religion. Marx describes religion as a drug used to soothe the misery of the masses, while Nietzsche considers it a tool employed by the weak to manipulate the nobility. Despite their shared disbelief in transcendent beings, both philosophers came to express themselves through a secular redemption; reflections of the religious doctrines they were taught as children. In analyzing man's state, Marx sees an opportunity for man to transform from a stratified society to an egalitarian one, whereas Nietzsche sees an opportunity for a reversal of the master-slave relationship into a more distinct separation, between the common man and the Overman. On the path to redemption, Nietzsche proclaims the death of God, where Marx predicts the death of capitalism. Both preach for a redemptive end result.    pdf