Flash Point and Autoignition Temperatures of Common Vehicle Fluids

Laboratory Measurements

  1. NFPA 325, Guide to Fire Hazard Properties of Flammable Liquids, Gases and Volatile Solids, 1994 Edition. Diesel value taken from Fuel Oil No. 2
  2. NFPA 921, Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations, 2004 Edition.
  3. Dehaan, J.D., Kirk’s Fire Investigation, 3rd edition, 1991.
  4. Haggerty, B., et al., “Vehicle Fluid Flammability Tests,” Fire and Arson Investigation, July 2005.
  5. NFPA 497, “Recommended Practice for the Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas,” 2004.
  6. Richard, R., et al., “Flammability of Alternate Refrigerants,” ASHRAE Journal, Vol. 34, number 4, pp 20-24, 1992.
  7. Dupont “HFC-134a Properties, Uses, Storage, and Handling, undated.
  8. Virginia KMP Corp., MSDS PAG.
  9. Dupont MSDS Freon-22, October 1996.
  10. Federal Mogul DOT 3 Premium Brake Fluid H-130, MSDS, 2002.
  11. Cam 2 DOT 3 Brake Fluid MSDS, 2005.
  12. ASTM D 56-05, “Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester,” and ASTM D93-02a, “Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester.”
  13. ASTM E 659-78, “Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Liquid Chemicals,” ASTM, 1994.
  14. Acros Organics, “MSDS Methyl Alcohol,” (methanol) 2005.
  15. Dupont MSDS, “ SUVA 134a (Auto),” March, 1999.
  16. Atofina, “MSDS Forane(R) 134a,” July, 2000.
  17. Dupont, “MSDS Freon 12,” October, 1996.
  18. Prestone, “MSDS Engine Starting Fluid AS237,” December, 1995.
  19. Gulf Oil International, "Gulf Syngear PAG MSDS," 2001.